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英国论文代写范文精选-The Art of Defamiliarization in Edward P. Jones’ the Known World

2016-05-20 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选thesis代写范文:“The Art of Defamiliarization in Edward P. Jones’ the Known World”,这篇文章主要讲述了号称世界最大的非洲裔美国作家琼斯的第二大作,讲述了一个黑人奴隶名叫亨利汤森德逐渐成为一个黑人奴隶主,反映了奴隶制度下不同社会阶层之间的复杂关系。本书一经出版,就赢得了许多奖项,很受广大读者和评论家的欢迎,谁有了它注重权力关系,为什么亨利成为一个黑人奴隶主,叙事策略的影响,与已知世界的新奴隶叙述等。然而,很少有人探讨使小说知名与陌生化理论的因素。

Introduction

1. Significance of the thesis
The Known World,  the greatest African American writer Jones' second masterpiece, tells about how a black slave named Henry Townsend gradually becomes a black slaveholder, and reflects the complicated relationships between people from different social strata under the institution of slavery. As soon as it was published, it won many prizes and became quite popular among readers and critics, who have reviewed it focusing on the power relationship, the reason why Henry becomes a black slaveholder, the narrative strategies, and the effect of The Known World on the neo-slave narrative and so on. However, few people have probed into the factors which make the novel well-known with the theory of defamiliarization.
In The Known World, some characteristics are similar to Shklovsky's opinions in some aspects such as language, narrative structure, perspective, plot and theme, which greatly surprise readers. According to Russian formalist Shklovsky, the aim of
art is to endow people with unfamiliar sensation towards the familiar things, to prolong the perception of appreciating,to increase the difficulty in reading, and to give the surprised feeling. By comparing minutely with the novel and what Shklov sky contends, it is found that the influence The Known World has exerted on readers seems to have something in common with what the theory of defamiliarization advocates. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the relationship between the distinction of the novel and the theory of defamiliarization so as to find out the reasons why The Known World, as a novel of slavery revealed and criticized by lots of writers, is quite popular and very successful.
In view of the discovery above, the present author attempts to interpret The Known World by adopting the theory of defamiliarization. The purpose is to reveal how Jones achieves the effect of defamiliarization in the novel and to further
investigate the reasons why it is extremely popular. The analysis can disclose the relationship between the novel and the theory of defamiliarization, further explore the artistic value of the work, and reconsider the role of the black people under the institution of slavery. The thesis tries to propose a new perspective and a reference for the study of The Known World. Furthermore, studying the novel from the perspective of defamiliarization can provide an inspiration for the research of Edward P. Jones' other novels such as Lost in the City and All Azrnt Hagar's Children, for they have much similarity with The Known World.

2. Structure of the thesis
The thesis is composed of four chapters. Chapter One mainly introduces the author Edward P. Jones including his birth, education, profession and literary achievements, The Known World and the theory of defamiliarization. The following pages analyze how Jones achieves the effect of defamiliarization in The Known、World by dividing them into three parts elaborated respectively in three chapters. The  defamiliarizing  effect achieved by applying many rhetorical devices is discussed in Chapter Two, in which the present author mainly analyzes the author's skil_Iful usage of simile, metaphor, irony, parody, and humor to defamiliarize objects and events in daily life. Chapter Three focuses on the ways how narrative strategies help The Known World achieve the effect of defamiliarization. This topic is explored through three aspects including narrative structure, perspective and plot. Chapter Four analyzes the defamiliarization in the binary oppositional theme of the traditional novels of slavery, in which the defamiliarization in binary oppositional relationship between blacks and whites and in binary oppositional attitudes of the two  races  towards  slavery  are  discussed  respectively.  In  this  chapter,  the defamiliarization in binary oppositional relationship between blacks and whites is reflected through analyzing two sets of relationship; the defamiliarization in binary oppositional attitudes of the two races towards slavery is vindicated by exploring two issues: one is that some blacks advocate slavery; the other is that several whites object to slavery. At last, a conclusion is drawn from the above elaboration.

Conclusion

ofby Through the detailed analysis above of the ways in defamiliarization is achieved in The Known World, it can which the effect be concluded that defamiliarizing traditional novels of slavery, Jones gives readers freshness to save them from long-term automatization and to draw their attention to the novel. The effect of defamiliarization attracts the attention of readers and critics so much that it becomes one of the most important factors which help The Known World become a famous novel of slavery and win many critics' approvals, numerous readers' praises, and numerous prestigious awards. To some extent, the greatness of The Known World can be attributed to the effect of defamiliarization demonstrated in the following aspects:
In terms of language, Jones manipulates rhetorical devices to defamiliarize the common language by endowing it with a peculiarity, so as to make it vivid and humorous. To be specific, similes and metaphors connect two unrelated objects together, drawing readers' attention to things they often ignore in daily life. Ironies express a meaning in a different way, bringing readers a new perception. Parodies imitate the sacred stories and figures in the Bible to allude to the similar events and characters in the novel. By contrasting common people's behaviors with sacred activities of figures in the Bible, Jones ridicules their eironteries and follies. Humors portray persons' ideas and behaviors in a joking way, eliminating their boredom in the course of reading.
With regard to defamiliarization in narrative strategy, it is embodied  in narrative structure, perspective, and plot. In respect of narrative structure, the normal chronological  order is subverted by  applying prolepsis and analepsis. As to perspective, by using the omniscient perspective but not resembling the God to tell everything, and by employing the limited perspective to observe one event in a different light, Jones mobilizes readers' activeness to participate in the construction of the novel. With respect to plot, there are more than seventy figures in the novel, but no one is found to play the role of protagonist. Without one or two clues that connect all events and characters together to form a plot, the narrative of the novel is inconsecutive.
When it comes to theme in The Known World, the intimate relationship between blacks and whites is out of readers' expectation. To readers' surprise, some whites actually object to slavery. Meanwhile, the images of the white slaveholders and those of the common whites are no longer the same as the highly stereotyped ones described in the previous novels of slavery. What is more, the images and the behaviors of black slaves also shock readers greatly because there are some blacks who support slavery. Compared with previous novels reflecting slaveholders' cruelness and  slaves'  plight, The  Known  World avoids  repeating the binary oppositional theme expressed in a tone of protesting and denouncing. Thus, what Jones narrates makes readers always feel unfamiliar from the novel's beginning to the end.

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