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英国论文代写范文精选-Research on the four P's marketing rules

2016-05-25 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“Research on the four P's marketing rules”,这篇论文主要讲述了在制定市场营销战略时,必须解决产品、价格、位置和促销这四个问题才能在营销战略上达到最好的结果。论文中提到,通过使用营销、产品、定价、布局和促销的方法,一个公司可以实施多样化的营销策略以获得最佳的营销投资回报率。


In developing a marketing strategy, the four p's of marketing must be addressed. These are product, price, placement, and promotion. These all work together to help reach maximum potential in a marketing strategy.

Product is anything that is marketable. This can be a service, physical item or an idea. It is important to define what the product is, in order to define the target market. Without a definite product, no other part of the marketing strategy can be implemented.

Price does play an important part in the marketing mix, but it should not rule the business. Price should be in line with a customer's perception of value. Price must also match the quality of the product being offered. Knowing what the break even point is also is important. Without this information, the price may not be enough to cover the costs of selling the product.

Placement and distribution is the third element of the marketing mix. This includes the physical placement such as location, inventory, transport, and coverage. It also covers the channels used to market the product. Channels can change over time as businesses grow and evolve.

Promotion is the final element of the marketing mix. Promotion includes the communication of information about the product. The goal is to create a positive customer response. Marketing communication includes advertising, promotions, public relations, publicity, sales force or team, and promotional strategy.

With marketing for Dairy Barn Stores Incorporated, many factors have changed over the years. Products and services are basically convenience and dairy items. These include milk products, soda, chips, coffee, and beer. Dairy barn also has items that are easily transported and easily stored in the small areas that the locations offer.

Pricing in Dairy Barn has a wide variety of issues. Currently, due to a deal the company has made with the producers of our private label orange juice, we are able to sell the half gallon juice at a current price of $1.88. This is a savings of over $1, over our old price. The deal is that the stores can only receive the juice once a week, and the main office location receives a large bulk quantity and must distribute it evenly to ensure each location receives enough. The goal for pricing ideas such as this is to bring in new customers who will purchase other items that are moderately to higher priced.

Pricing in the stores is also universal for most items, although several stores do have special cigarette pricing in hopes of creating more sales in those areas. One area in particular has several stores that are within several miles of an Indian Reservation. Competition with the tax free smoke shops on the reservation gave the company an incentive to lower pricing to generate more sales.


Placement and distribution was discussed earlier, as inventory control is an issue the main office has a stake in. Individual locations are allowed to order most items as needed, and place them in visible location if available. The stores are small, and are drive-thrus and this makes placement hard for customer accessibility. We do not have a warehouse, but most stores have outdoor sheds and walk in freezers for storing merchandise. This allows stores to buy in for sales and keep enough on hand to have sufficient inventory to carry over for at least a week past the sale. This allows for stores to purchase inventory at a lower price, and not have to spend more after the sale.


Order processing is a fairy simple process. Within each store the customer pulls up, orders the items they need, and the merchandise is totaled and brought out to the car. The goal is to get the customers in and out in a timely fashion, making their experience a good one, and bringing them back for future purchases.

Dairy barn uses a variety of promotions to generate customer response. The main promotion we have in the stores would be the use of signage for weekly sales. We also use signs to show a variety of merchandise that customers may not be aware we carry.

Signs are a useful tool for stores such as Dairy Barn. We sell a wide variety of items and customers are not allowed direct access to the stores to visualize the products. Having signs gives the customer a visual example of what we have to offer, along with price and size. In the six years I have been with the company, signs have evolved from having three small signs inside the store facing the customer, to four sets of nine signs that face the customer from the entrance of the driveway and also at a location that is visible while they are at the door for ordering.

Dairy Barn also uses local television to show advertisements. These are on local cable channels and also several direct cable access channels that give local areas access to signals. These ads show current sale products and show customers driving through a clean well stocked store. They are visibly appealing and create a happy atmosphere for the customer.

These are the only direct areas that the store manager has access to. Budgets and actual advertising choices are made by the main office personnel, and we have little input as to how the marketing strategy is implemented. While I would not have as many signs, the goal is clear. I would use less signs and have more display access for the stores. This would give them an opportunity to promote items that the individual store may not sell as much of. In my store, an item that sells well is canned tuna. Other stores struggle to sell it, so this would be an item they may want to put out on display to get the customer aware it is carried.

Marketing mix is a diverse study. By using the 4 p's of marketing, product, pricing, placement, and promotion, a company can implement a diverse marketing strategy to get the best return on the marketing investment.

以上就是关于4P营销法则的相关研究和讨论,希望对大家能有所帮助。


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