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英国论文代写范文精选-The ancient Greeks and Philosophy

2016-05-27 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“The ancient Greeks and Philosophy”,这篇论文讲述了古希腊人和哲学。古希腊人在政治,经济,文化领域都有过辉煌的成就。古希腊文化在世界文明史上占有重要地位。古希腊哲学有着自己的特点,对西方哲学史产生了巨大的影响,它是世界观和方法论的统一。

Ancient Greeks have made brilliant achievements in politics, economic, cultural and other fields. As one of the two major sources of European culture, the ancient Greek culture has an important position in the history of world civilization.

The word “philosophy” is Greek for “love of wisdom” and has come to mean a systematic search for answers to life’s great questions. The ancient Greek philosophy is not only the initial stage of the emergence and development of western philosophy, but also the first stage of human understanding.

Besides, it’s also the beginning of Western culture.It originated from the mainland of Greece and the Mediterranean coast, which was later found to have experienced three stages ---- natural philosophy, humanism and system philosophy, the Greek and the philosophy of Rome. The ancient Greek philosophy has its own characteristics and in the history of the western philosophy, it has an important position, a profound impact and great significance.

The beginning of the ancient Greek philosophy is commonly known as the “natural philosophy”, which refers to the nature of things as well as the movement and change of things in the true and original mechanism.

The focal point of contradictions of ancient philosophers is the nature of things, which is a mystery to ancient people since they exist. The first Greek philosopher Thales advanced that the origin of all things was water. What was important was not his theory,but the point he pointed out.

After that, philosophers such as Anaximander, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Parmenides etc, all made their attitude clear on this question. Until Aristotle, who was one of the greatest philosophers in the history of ancient Greece, defined natures as origin of movement and change.

In 6th Century BC, the ancient Greek entered slave society. There are many Greek cities, of which the political, economic and cultural development is not balanced, along the Mediterranean coast.Some of the cities’ cultural development is long-term lagging behind.

In politics, some cities established relatively perfect slavery democracy and developed the democracy and legal system, which were conducive to the development of culture and thought. In contract, some cities were still in relatively backward slavery aristocracy stage.Greek philosophy was occurred and developed in this complex social conditions.

With developmentand grow, the ancient Greek philosophy gradually changed from the myth to a unique nature.First of all, the ultimate explanation of philosophy to the whole world is above the sensibility.Secondly, pure philosophy itself is to be divorced from reality.The philosophy is the highest existence, which reveals the most common reason.

In the 5th Century BC, after experiencing several democratic reforms, Athens had become the economic, political and cultural center of the ancient Greek world. At that time,Sophistappeared, who had a great influence on the ancient Greek society. The nature of the universe was no longer the point, instead, they focused more on human social and political ethics.

The scholars of Sophist thought that human is the measure of all things and they negated the existence of objective truth. However the philosopher Socrates was strongly against the Sophist. In his opinion , the objective truth is universally exist. Changes of the world will never stop. The force of “love” and “hate”is endowed with moral and aesthetic value3.

In 336 BC, Greek culture widely spread in cities surrounded Alexandria. This time is known as the history of the Hellenistic period. At this time, natural science such as mathematics, physics, astronomy, geography, medicine and so on were developing quickly.

It’s philosopher Epicurus that made these scientific achievements.He accepted and developed Democritus’ atomism. In this way, he explained the relationship between necessity and freedom and the reason that the movement of things was the interior of things.

Ancient Greek philosophy is the source of western philosophy. In one thousand years of continuous development, ancient Greek philosophy involves a wide range of knowledge and all kinds of knowledge and disciplines have continued to come out of philosophy

The ancient Greek philosophy plays an important role in the emergence and development of modern natural science.

Ancient Greek philosophy is a method of revealing science and technology, which has guiding significance to the social life and scientific culture of that time.Philosophy is the world outlook of theory and system, which is the summary of natural knowledge, social knowledge and thinking knowledge. It is the unity of world outlook and methodology. So is the ancient Greek Philosophy.

The ancient Greek philosophy has an important influence on the development of western philosophy.

Plato said in the Theaetetus that “to know” is to acquire knowledge. Aristotle said in the Category that knowledge is a knowledge of things. He added in Metaphysics that because only in understanding the reasons, we know things4.

The theory that only when we know something, we think that it has on its knowledge was point out in his Post analysis5 Ancient philosophers advanced many important nouns. .Especially Plato proposed the famous

The great scholars of ancient Greece study not only philosophy but also have brilliant achievement in politics, physics, astronomy, ethics, literature, and so on. Philosophy plays a guiding role in these subjects.

以上就是古希腊哲学的一些理论,欢迎大家一起探讨。

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