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英国论文代写范文精选-Jack London and The Call of the Wild

2016-05-30 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“Jack London and The Call of the Wild”,这篇论文讲述了杰克伦敦著作野性的呼唤中主人公巴克的故事。巴克原本是一条生活在温室环境中的狗,但不幸被拐卖到荒野当雪橇犬。恶劣的生存环境锻炼了巴克,让它成长。进而有了超强的适应能力和卓越的领导能力。

The call of the wild is a novel by American writer Jack London. The plot concern a previously domesticate and even somewhat pampered dog named Buck, whose primordial instincts return after a series of event finds him serving as sled dog in the treacherous, frigid Yukon during the days of the 19th century Klondike Gold Rushes. The protagonist is Buck, a huge, four-year-old half-saint Bernad\rd and half-scottish shepherd dog, is living a live of civilized ease in California’s Santa clara valley in the home of Judge Miller.

In the south, Buck lives a ease and comfortable life and cultivates the civilized and humble characters. In 1897, people find gold in Canada, then 100 person from everywhere to look for gold. Tragically, for Buck, one of the Judge’s servants can addictive gambler steals Buck and sells him to a rin of thieves who are making a great deal of money by buying and selling dogs to northern traders. Buck is thrown into the wildness, where he suffers from hunger and cruel treatment. Here what he see is savage.

To surive, they have to fight and kill others at every moment. During this cruel abnd civilized training, he becomes canning and get rid of his civilized nature. His two owners served to transfer letters for the 100 government of Canada. He gradually adapts to new environment and wins the leadership and mastership of the whole dog pack. Latter, he has new owner who lack of experience, under their ignorance and cruel treatment, Buck falls down as a result of extreme tiredness. At this moment, Buck is saved by his last owner and they get along well with each other and becomes good friends. He devotes to his new owner and willing to sacrifice for him. But he is inspined by the call of the wild. At lat, 100 after his new owner’s death, he returns to the wild and becomes the alpha male of a wolf pack.

From one point, healthy and strong body is the first important component of a leader, because as a leader, he has o edure and adjust many particular demands, and tolerate complicated and chamgeable problems. Physical strength is one of the ensurance of leader efficiency. To any leader, possessing physical qualities is of great significance. From another point, Buck, whose father, Elmo, a huge St.Bernard and mother, shep, a scotch shepherd dog. He has one hundred and forty pounds. He is a tidewater dog, “with strong muscles by which to toil, and fury coats to protect them from the frost.”

At this time, because men, groping in the Arctic darkness, find a yellow metal, and because steamship and transportation companies boom the find, thousand of men were rushing into the Northland. These men want dogs to meet their needs. Dogs, like Buck, are exactly what men need. For examples, Buck’s first master Francois and Perraut quickens their journey so as to deliver letters in time.

But the bad weather worsens their speed. Buck and his team dogs pull the sledas fast as before by means of their strong muscles. In no less than three days, they arrive in Five Fingers. In the Arctic, the land numb and frozen under its pall of snow, they must be careful and smart enough to avoid fulling into the snow hole. Dogs like Buck are trained to experience all kinds of risks, they are the ideal transportation for the gold seeker.

To be a leader, psychological heath and balanced is as important as physical health and balance. In the south, Buck lived a civilized and dignified life. After he knows he has been sold, he tries his best to protect his dignity and pride, but failed. His heart is full of terror, worry, and unrest. Everytime he fights against unfair treatment, he is beaten severely. He learns the law of Club and Fang, he must obey no matter how bitter and painful he feels. He understands at this crucial disadvantage, archival and the leader of Francois’s sled team, spitz, always brutally bite and fight with him.

Sometimes Buck avoid it deftly to wait for suitable moment to defend. Nevertheless, to survive in the wild, Buck must prove himself worthy to work in the group. Faced with so many difficulties, obstacles, competition and great contrast in life, he doesn’t lose heart, butbranvely keep his psycholoqical balance. His psychological and physical qualities paver the way for his to gain the leadership of among the whole dog pack.

The first and most important spiritual quality of Buck is his strong confidence and unyielding will. Being throw into the harsh condition and far away from the civilized ease and comfort, Buck does not give up but soon learns that he must conform to the Law od Club and fang which represtent absolute power and order. He is almost to be beaten to die but never destroyed, as he knows that he can survive and live a not so bad, as long as his life is confident and tough. These confidence and perseverance inspire him to more on and drive him to go forward. Besides, during the journey, he has a few time to rest, and the food “the pound and a half of sun-dried salmin, which was his ration for each day” is not enough. He edures hunger to work hard for his masters. He pull the sled to convey letters for the gold seekers.

Excessive working makes Buck exhausted, but he sticks to his post with unqielding will. Just as Babara White says “ A good leader must have firm confidence and strong will, because the leader’s spirit can motivate, encourage and draws out the trust and best efforts of the team to complete the task well”. As a matter of fact, a leader needs to appear confidence to stimulate other members in the team. A leader who conveys confidence and persistence towards the proposed objective arouse the best effort from team members.

The second spiritual quality of Buck is his temperament and character. On the other hand, Buck’s temperqument is partly from the cultivation in the south and partly from his calm, loyal, respectful and graceful. Judge Miller and his children walk with Buck and tell him what he should do and what he should not. Under the civilized people’s influence, Buck’s temperament is superior to others. He know how to react in different situations.

At the same time, Buck is not a coward but a beast to some extent. His double temperaments strengthen his affect on other dogs. It is no surprise that after the death of Spitz, other dogs support Buck to their leader. On the other hand, Buck is strit under the serve living confition, Buck is still strict his suborfiates. Running in the snow-covered and deserted land, they are risking their lives. So many mistake will result in terrible disaster. There is one time that curly does not put his whole heart on pulling the sled and deliberately make the discipline chaotic, Buck bites, punish him mercilessly and gives him an unforgettable lesson. Buck is committed to excellence. Second best does not lead to success. A good leader not only maintains high standards, but also is productive in raising the bar in order to achieve excellence in all areas.

The third spiritual quality of Buck is his strong awareness of competition. From the Law of Club and Fang, and the death of Cury, Buck realizes “survival of the fittest”. In the south, he sits besides the masters’s warm fireplace and listen to people’s talking quietly. In contrast, during the journey, once he went into the master’s home, but was driven out. He has to fight against the cold weather and learn to find a place to fight against toil. As he deeply knows that “success call for hard work, and hard work lead to be a leader”.

Only though hard working can he gain the chance to n\be a leader. Buck not only compete with the evil surroundings, but also compete with his fellow Spitz, who often bully and cheat him. One team can only have a leader, Buck finally defeats and skills Spitz in a struggle. From that time on, he voids Spitz’s depression and replaces him to lead the dogs to move on,

The dominant primordial beast is strong in Buck, and under the fierce conditions of trail life it grows. Yet it was secret growth. His newborn canning gives him poise and control. He is too busy to adjust himself to the new life to feel at ease, and not only does he not pick fights, but he avoid them whenever possible.

A certain deliberateness characterizes his attitude. He is not prone to rashness and precipitate action; and in the bitter hatred between him and Spitz he betrays on impatience, shuns all offensive acts. Buck’s revolt against Spitz is first of all a matter of strength versus strength. The two dogs are of gigantic size. One will not suumb to the other. In the south, Buck is accustomed to being the head dog at Judge Miller’s estate, and now he has to take a subordinate positition, and it is insulting to his pride. An ultimate confrontation between Buck and Spitz seems inevitable.

Buck is good at making use of incidents that trigger off a war. The first incident is that when the huski dogs steal their food. All dogs have brust from nests and make painful efforts to fight with the huskis to protect their food. To Buck’s anger, Spitz, rather than fight against a commen enemy, uses the opportunity to attack Buck-on two different occasions. The first time occurs when Buck is fighting a wild huskie, and Spitz vicionsly attacks his from one sede; the second time occurs when Spitz rushes upon Buck in the path of the wild huskies, an event which Buck realizes would have meant certain death.

Buck now sees Spit’s insidious intention. The second incident is exhausting, Buck stagger along the trail, completely worn out. The nasty tempered Spitz takes Buck’s weakened condition as an opportunity to attack him once more, and twice he tears Buck’ flesh to the bone. Buck can no longer forgive Spitz, and from that time on, it is all-out war between Spitz and Buck.

Bearing this in mind, Buck does not merely attack Spitz head-on; instead, he slyly undercuts Spitz’s authority among the other dogs by siding with the weaker animals indisputes. The canningness that Buck have learned in the wild combined with his superior strength and his newly acquired primeval instincts make Buck the superior animal in what will be a coming, critical contest between him and Spitz.

Buck is more insttehigent and knows how to use wit to give fatal blow on his enemy. Actually speaking, Spitz is the more experienced fighter and is able to ward off most of Buck’s charges. In fact, Buck almost exhausts himself in his repeated, vicious attack, as Spitz slashs Buck’s shoulder, Spitz is for a while, seemingly the superior dog. But just as Buck reaches the point of exchaustion, he uses that “quality that made for greatness-imagination”. Previously, Buck was fighted by instinct, but now he chooses to fight by imagination and intellect. He pretends to make one more half-hearted dash at Spitz’s throat, but, instead, he quickly reverses himself and crunches down on Spitz’s left foreleg, breaking it.

After successive tries, repeating the same gestures, Buck is able to break Spitz’s other foreleg. By now, Spitz, is down, and the other dogs begin circling around them, waiting for the kill. In London’s words, “Buck was inezorable. Mercy was a thing reserved for gentle climes”. Thus, the bestial instinct has been proven in Buck’s superiority to Spitz, and after he has defeated Spitz, we see that Buck, a previously highly civilize dog from the south, has now defeated the strong, brave, uncivilized dog from the north. Buck has become, without question, “the dominant primordial beast”, and thus wins the leadership.

At first, Spitz was the leader of the whole dog pack. Spitz is ruthless and unfriendly to anyone who approaches him. As Buck is his major enemy, he usually to bites and attacks Buck. Except

Buck, he also gives other dogs bitter lesson. Due to his cruelty and arrogance, under his latter leadship, most dogs rebel against his despotism. The discipline is disorder. The breaking down of discipline likewise affects the dogs in their relations with each other. They criticize, quarrel and bicker more than ever among themselves till at times the camp is a howling bedlam. Even worse, dogs always fight amongst their mates and tamgle the races, which seriously affect the efficiency of their journey.

Buck shows his talent and ability in leadership. At a bound Buck takes up the duties of leadership; and where judgement was required, and quick thinking and quick acting, he shows himself the superior even of Spitz, of whom his masters have never seen as an equal. But it is in giving the law and making his mates live up to it that Buck excelles. Ddave and Sel-leks do not mind the change in leadership.

It is none of their business. Their business is to toil, and toil mightily, in the traces. So long as that are not interfered with, they do not care what happens. Billee, the good-natured, could lead for all they cave, so long as he keep order. The rest of the team, however, have grown unduly during the last days of Spitz, and their surprise is great that Buck proceeds to lick them into shape.

Buck demonstrates his rigidness and fairness in managing his subordinates. Pikes, who pulls at Buck’s heels, and who never put an ounce more of his weight against the breastband than he is compelled to do, is swiftly and repeatly shake for loafing; and before the first day is done he is ulling more than ever before in his life. The first night in camp, Joe, the sour one, is punished roundly-a thing that Spitz has never succeeded in doing. Buck simply smotheres him by virtue of superior weight, and cuts him up till he ceases snapping and begins to whine for mercy.

Ideally a dog team must work as a single unit, and when a dog mutinies, that dog ceases to be effective. Under Buck’s guide and management, the general tone of the team picks up immediately. It recovers iits dd-time solidarity, and once more the dogs leap as one dog in the traces. At the Rank Rapids two native huskies, Teek and Konna, are added; and the celerity with which Buck conquers the team dogs makes his masters in great maze.

Among the team dogs, some foreign dogs are fierce fighters and do not always obey strict discipline. Sometimes., they will challenge Buck’s authority. But three battles with the fiercest bring Buck to mastery, and one can compare with him. Buck’s excellent capability of leading the team dogs makes the journey more smooth and efficient. They have come here for fourteen days, but when they return, whey only spend ten days. Across Marsh, Tagish and Bennett, arrived at White pass. Their speed is fifty miles per day. This sufficiently proves Buck’s skill as a leader.

From the beginning of novel, buck has been seen, once for all, that he stands no chance agaginst a man with a club. He has learned the lesson, and in all his afterlife he never forgets it. That is, a man with a club is a lawgiver, a master to be abeged, though not necessarily conciliated. He is determined not to rebel agaginst the man with a club but comformed to him. He faces the darkness of life andaciously and deals with the evilness of life with latent crafty.

Although the pursuing or leadership is deeply engraved in Buck’s nature and bone, he has to be sly to get what he wants. Spitz, as lead dogh\ and acknowledged master of the team, is feels his supremacy threatened by this strange southland dog. And strange Buck is to him, for of the many southland dogs he has known, are all too soft and willing to die under the toil, frost, strvation, and also his control. But Buck is the exception.

He alone endure and prosper, and thevefore, he has the quality to be a leader. Buck is preeminently cunning, and could bide his time with a patience to have a life-and death bottle with Spitz. Buck makes his mind to struggle continues to interfere between Spitz and the culprits; and does it carftily when his master are not present. With the covert muting of Buck, a general insubordination spring up and increases.

There is continal bickering and janging. Trouble is always a foot. At last, the deadly battle comes. Spitz is more experienced fighter. During the battle, Spitz is untouched, while Buck is streaming with blood and panting hard. Buck fights by instinct, but he could fight by head as well. At the last moment, he gives Spitz a lethal blow by attacking his leg with brightness and brilliance. He intelligently defeats Spitz.

Buck’s third masters are hal, Charls and mercedes who are inept and do not know drive dogs and camp. Buck and his comrades looks upon these peoplewith a great these dogs are nothing but whip. The dogs suffer more. They pull when they can, and when they can no longer pull, they fall down and remain down till blows from whip or club drives them to their feet again. Instinctively, Buck knows that with the coming of spring that the melting snow and will present. This is the first time Buck has failed, which drives Hal to give him a rage. He exchanges the whip for the customary club.

Buck refuses to move under the rain of heavier blows which now fall upon him. Like his mates, he is bwely able to get up, but, unlike them, he makes up his mind get up. He has a feeling of impending doom. What with the thin and rottenice he has felt every day, it seems that he senses disaster close at hand, out there ahead on the ice where his masters are trying to drive him. He refuses to stir. After a shore while, all the dogs and people fall down into the ice hole. His wise decision save him.

Buck is competely recouered by care of John Thornton. In Buck’s prefound heart, his love to Thornton grows and grows. Thornton saves Buck’s life, in reture, Buck has saved him for three times and help to win his repution. The love between them is feverish, burning and admiring. He is absolute loyal and devoted to his last master. At the same time, his wildness grows everyday. An irresistiable impulse seize him. He love to run down dry water-counses, and to creep and spy upon the bird life in the woods.

But especially he loves to run in the dim twilight of the summer midnights, listening to subdued and sleepy murmurs of frost. But more often, he knows there always a mysterious sound calling him to come. He wants to follow that voice but worry about Thorton. Several days later, finding his master dead, he retaliates the Yeehats without hesitation. He makes great efforts to make up the regrets to Thornton.

John Thornton is dead. Buck has no more ties with civilization. There is nothing he care for human being. So, as Buck stands in the center of the camp site, a great open space, he realizes that all of his ties to human world are broken, and he hears a faint and sharp yelp, followed by a chorns of similar sharp yelps from far away.

As the moments pass the yelps grow louder and louder. Suddenly he knows that it is the call, the many-noted call, sounding more laringly and compellingly than ever before. Man and the claims of man no longer bound him. He decides to follow the call and returens to the wildness, the nature. At last, Buck baffles the leading wolves. By now, Buck has truly answered the call of the wild and civilized animal has become the leader of a pack of volves. The call of the wild has been heared, and it has been answered magnificently.

To conclude, although the call of the wild is a beast fable, it points inward to something with human being. Buck survives in the hard environment after going though a lot of hardships and frustrations. He also proves himself an excellent leader. His physical qualities and spiritual qualities, such as huge size, powerful strength, calmness, firm confidence, unyielding, position.Meanwhile, his skills of getting leadership, of efficiently leading the whole dog pack and of making decisions bring him superior advantages to be an highly efficient leader. Buck is move like a person in many aspects. He helps his every master and is more clever than them. Buck sets a good example for human beings to adapt and adjust themselves to the changeable world. Leaders should learn from Buck’s qualities and skills of a leader.

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