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英国论文代写范文精选-The Limitation and Counteraction

2016-06-01 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“The Limitation and Counteraction”,这篇论文讨论了总统和国会。为了防止强权被一个人控制,美国政府成立了三个分支:行政,立法和司法。每个分支有别人不具备的权力,都有限制其他分支的能力,后来被称为“制衡”。后来演变成了总统和国会的“制衡”。

During the meeting, later known as the Constitutional Convention, the delegates had to deal with two main fears shared by most Americans. One fear was that one person or group, including the majority, might become too powerful or be about to seize control of the country and create a tyranny.

To guard against this possibility, the delegates set up a government consisting of three branches: the executive, the legislative and the judicial. Each branch has powers that the others do not have and each has a way of counteracting and limiting any wrong actions of another branch, which later is known as the “check and balance”, the main character of the American democracy.

The chief executive of the United States is the president who is elected to a four-year-term. Under a Constitutional Amendment passed in 1951, a president can be elected to only two terms.

The legislative branch is made up of elected representatives from all of the states and is the only branch that can make federal laws, levy federal taxes, declare war or put foreign treaties into effect. It consists of a Congress that is divided into two groups, called house:The House of Representatives and The Senate. The judicial branch is headed by the Supreme Court, which is the only court specifically created by the Constitution.

As the time is going, the “check and balance” is not only a counteraction on any wrong actions of another branch, but also a tool for the competition between different parties. Hence in the Federal Government, the competition between the President and the Congress on the authority are in existence although a cooperation is the main part of the relation of the President and the Congress.

Then on the premise of capitalism, there always are some specific contradictions in some specific period.

According to the American Constitution, the President and the Congress can counteract or limit each other in six aspects: legislation, executive, foreign affairs,military affairs and impeachment. Hence the balance point of intersection may be the focus of the contradiction, especially in financial affairs.

It is common that the Congress has a struggle with the President on the budget but none of them has the right to perform the funding budget alone. Then they have to reach a compromise after a struggle. The 2013 Shutdown of the US Federal Government is a perfect example of the struggle.

Commencing from 1 October 2013, the US government has begun a partial shutdown after Republicans refused to approve a budget, saying they would only do so if funding for President Barack Obama’s healthcare reforms was delayed. President Obama warned a shutdown would have “a very real economic impact on real people, right away”, putting the fragile US economic recovery at risk.

Why did the shutdown happen? It is a matter of political wrangling between the Republicans, who control the lower house,the House of Representatives, and the Democrats, who have a majority in the upper house, the Senate. Due to disagreement between the two houses over federal government spending, the US Congress failed to pass a budget before the fiscal year ended on 30 September 2013.

It is said that the President Obama introduced the budget for essential functions, related to national security and public safety, to gain the support of the public, especially the middle and lower class. Then the Democrats would be more likely to win the Mid-term Election in 2014 and the General Election in 2016.

However,the Republicans refused to help the Democrats to achieve their aim and agree to the Obama’s healthcare reforms. Unexpectedly Obama refused to negotiate with Republicans. Eventually the US government began a partial shutdown for the first time 17 years, which did much harm to the American economic so that the public felt doubtful about the “check and balance”.

During the shutdown, the Congress took on more pressure and condemnation than the President. Under the pressure from the public, the Republicans had to give in and the Congress passed the bill.

We can see that the president is the true determiner on finance. In the American political life, the President lies in the center of the power and the Congress is not a counteraction as before.

For all that, it can’t be denied that the Congress remains the most important power to tie up the President because the President and the Congress still perform their authorities under the frame of “check and balance”. It is also believed that the imbalance between the two would be gradually adjusted.

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