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英国论文代写范文精选-Chinese and Western Literature

2016-06-03 | 来源:51Due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“Chinese and Western Literature”,这篇论文介绍了中国和西方的浪漫主义文学。西方浪漫主义文学起源于古希腊。浪漫主义文学主要特点是表达感情和对未来的憧憬。西方作家描述的人生理想是个人的幸福,爱情。而中国则是形容人与人之间的关系。虽然中国和西方的文学都不太一样,但它们都让这个世界更多丰富多彩。

Romantic literature has had a very important position in the history of the world literature, people express their vision for the future in their works which are full of romanticism. Western romantic literature is mainly produced in the 1920s, it’s an important literary genre in 19th century, and its origin goes back to ancient Greece.

Romanticism in China is centuries earlier than the West. Even though many theoretical systems are not perfect, its influence throughout the history of Chinese literature is indelible. The main characteristic of romantic literature is to express feelings and the vision for the future. Similarly, all the romantic writers show the vision for the future, but at the same time each of them have characteristic features of the times and the country domain.

From the Qin Dynasty, Chinese began show their vision for the ideal society. Qu Yuan showed his desire for the better world; Tao Yuanming described the people who live a happy and content life in the secluded resort paradise, they didn’t ask government affairs; Li Bai – an outstanding representative of Chinese romantic literature, once expressed his dream for the idle life.

The Renaissance, the French writer Francois Rabelais , in his novel Giant biography , showed people Terai U.S. convent, reflects the the time in the Renaissance, the rising bourgeoisie’s vision for the better, peaceful , happy life; the German author Goethe also showed the vision for the idle society in the Faust also express the Enlightment thinker’ dream.

We can say that the Chinese writers described the ideal society is a world of paradise, and no specific show; the Western writers described the ideal society is based on reality. Even though they also described the future world, but they described specificly and clearly. This is because of the times.

Than China was in the charge of feudal society, the community is limited, lack of advanced ideas to guide, so it is difficult for the writers to described the romanticism future, but to use the special way to express the society in their mind. On the contrary, the Western society was so advanced, they had advanced ideas to guide them, they can give concrete expression to the ideal society, and then readers can receive great encouragement after reading.

Most of the ideal life Western writers described is about the happiness of the individual subject. In Renaissance, they were mostly seeking personal liberation, love and marital happiness. In Shakespeare’s early works, a lot of themes are about the life and love. In the nineteenth century, this pursuit of personal ideals of love and happy love and life is gradually sublimated into an anti-feudal, ideal for the cause of freedom. In Shelley’s poem Islamic uprising , the revolutionary couple Leon and Xi Sina is a typical representative of the image.

The ideal life Chinese writers described are not about love, but to describe the human relations. This is not to say that the Chinese literati ideal life was without love, there are so many famous works described love stories, but in the love stories also have the resisting to pursuit of fame.

Such as Peony Pavilion, Motherhood and The Western Chamber. In The Western Chamber, YingYing’s mother do not agree YingYing married Zhang until the scholar Zhang who has passed the exam.

Therefore the love in the ideal life, the Western’s influence is further than Chinese. That is because in Chinese feudal society, love and marriage have always been charged by the parents, matchmaker arranged, young men and women controlled the feudal system and ideology of repression, almost have no right to fall in love freely. So in ancient Chinese literature, there are less works about free love.

In addition ,not only content and the theme of the ideal life different form the Western works, but also the writers’ expressions of the ideal life is quite different . Ideal works’ performance is more subtle twists and turns, often adopting supernatural way, full of romanticism. Some used to break the boundaries of the romantic way of life and death, so that male and female couples can not be together when they are alive, but they can be happy after death, such as Tang Xianzu’s The Peony Pavilion.

Some works by adding a fantasy at the end to express the people’s pursuit of happiness, such as Motherhood. Some works aim to help the weak through the power of ghost, in order to achieve the ideal life which are in people’s minds, like Guan Hanqing’s Snow in Midsummer. The Western works which showed the ideal life are more directly. The hero is also full of confidence to fight for freedom and happiness of the individual ideals in life.

Western writers are different from Chinese writers in manifestations, and were not inseparable from the times when they live. Because Chinese capitalism didn’t develop, the feudal society was oppression on people, a fetter on people pursuit of the ideal life, so people had to take those twist subtle way to express their ideals in life. The Western romantic writers lived in a time when feudalism were lost , and the capitalism developed, the writer was confident to overcome the feudal forces, and live a better life for the future, so that they can use straightforward, bold strokes to warm the blueprint for building a better life.

The ideal figure Superman with single character and ordinary people with individual character ideal of romantic figures in Western literature can be broadly classified into three types: They are positive and full of enthusiasm and strength in everything. In Goethe’s Faust, the hero in order to get rid of the existing life, to pursuit of higher goals, contracting with the devil dared, although finally ended in failure, but still show their Heroic courage. It also showed the new bourgeoisie’s courage.

They dare to resist the reality, but they cannot escape the inherent vices who do not want associating with the people, and then fell into a state of depression and loneliness. The most typical is a series of characters created by Byron. These heroes have the characteristics what the bourgeois revolution has disappeared, the rebels have not yet matured.

They were not satisfied with the present, they have ideal but lack of confidence about the future. They cannot find their position in real life, their mental state is pessimism, dark psychological and unhappy feelings.

Characters of classical Chinese romantic works are not as clear as Western’s, but also have distinct representatives. The following two are of the most typical examples: Qu Yuan in the Song of the South through the “I” to express a lot of noble character, for example, national integrity, perseverance and self-improvement.

Monkey King becomes the ideal person in people’s mind. It is a dare to rebel against the tyranny of the image. This is objectively reflected the majority of the people’s discontent and rebellion against the tyrant. It is a infinite wisdom, hero image, which objectively reflects the embodiment of ideal people: wisdom, chivalry, brave heroes exist.

Although Western writers expressed their ideal figure in the works, but the heroes they shaped are different. They both have common personality, although the ideal person, but not extraordinary into the win, they have disadvantages and advantages of the general population. Therefore, the shape of Western romantic ideal are most people’s ordinary individual.

All the romantic ideal of the Chinese people clearly highlight the leading character, but lack their own personality. Therefore, the Chinese Romantic ideals are mostly single character Superman.Although the Chinese literature is different from Western literature, both of them are so important for the world literature. They made the world literature more colorful.

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