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英国论文代写范文精选-Sino-U.S. relation

2016-06-06 | 来源:51Due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“Sino-U.S. relation”,这篇论文讨论了中美关系。美国政府和中国在某些领域是竞争对手,而在其他方面,却是合作伙伴。两大巨头的关系有其独特之处。冲突,利益侵犯和意识形态争论是不变的,但是,所有人都有着互相依赖的经济基础。尽管发生阻碍时,在某些时期,双方表现得像对手。我们都希望我们的国家变得强大和繁荣。

Sino-U.S. relation refer to international relations between the United States of America and the government of People’s Republic of China. Most analysts characterize present Sino-U.S. relation as being complex and multi-faceted.

The United States and the People's Republic of China are usually neither allies nor enemies; the US government and the military establishment do not regard the Chinese as an adversary but as a competitor in some areas and a partner in others.

As of 2011, the United States has the world's largest economy and China the second largest. China has the world's largest population and the United States has the third largest. China is also the largest foreign creditor for the United States.

China's challenges and difficulties are mainly internal, and there is a desire to maintain stable relations with the United States. The Sino-U.S. relationship has been described by top leaders and academics as the world's most important bilateral relationship of the 21st century.

The end of the First Opium War in 1842 led to the Anglo-Chinese Treaty of Nanking which forced many Chinese ports open to foreign trade. Until then, Sino-U.S. relation had been conducted solely through trade, but this new pact between Britain and China severely threatened further American business in the region.

This treaty effectively ended the era of the Old China Trade, giving the United States as many trading privileges as other foreign powers. The outbreak of the Second-Japanese War in 1937 saw aid flow into the Republic of China, led by Chiang Kai-shek, from the United States, under President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

A series of Neutrality Acts had been passed in the US with the support of isolationists who forbade American aid to countries at war. American public sympathy for the Chinese was aroused by Japanese brutality in China. When open war broke out in the summer of 1937, the United States offered moral support but took no effective action.

After World War II ended in 1945, the hostility between the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China exploded into open civil war. American general George C. Marshall tried to broker a truce between the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China in 1946, but it quickly lost momentum. The United States continued to work to prevent the PRC from taking China's seat in the United Nations and encouraged its allies not to deal with the PRC.

The United States placed an embargo on trading with the PRC, and encouraged allies to follow it. The PRC developed nuclear weapons in 1964 and, as later declassified documents revealed, President Johnson considered preemptive attacks to halt its nuclear program. He ultimately decided the measure carried too much risk and it was abandoned.

Despite this official non-recognition, the United States and the People's Republic of China held 136 meetings at the ambassadorial level beginning in 1954 and continuing until 1970, first in Geneva and later in Warsaw. Both the PRC and the US made efforts to try to improve relations between the two major powers.

This became an especially important concern for the People's Republic of China after the Sino-Soviet border clashes of 1969. The PRC was diplomatically isolated and the leadership came to believe that improved relations with the United States would be a useful counterbalance to the Soviet threat.

Nixon believed it necessary to forge a relationship with China, even though there were enormous differences between the two countries. He also worried immensely that one of the Democrats would preempt him and go to the PRC before he had the opportunity. From February 21 to February 28, 1972, President Nixon traveled to Beijing, Hangzhou, and Shanghai. At the conclusion of his trip, the US and the PRC issued the Shanghai Communiqué, a statement of their respective foreign policy views.

In the Communiqué, both nations pledged to work toward the full normalization of diplomatic relations. The US acknowledged the PRC position that all Chinese on both sides of the Taiwan Strait maintain that there is only one China and that Taiwan is part of China..

Barack Obama’s presidency has fostered hopes for increased co-operation and heightened levels of friendship between the two nations. On November 8, 2008, Hu Jintao and Barack Obama shared a phone conversation in which the Chinese President congratulated Obama on his election victory.

During the conversation both parties agreed that the development of US-China relations is not only in the interest of both nations, but also in the interests of the world. In the cooperation between China and American, the conflicts of profit happened normally. Only the common profit exists, the relations between them will to turn to better.

Economic affair is the biggest issue among countries. With the help of open and reform policy, based on natural advantages of mineral and cheap human workforce, China sucks in huge amount of funds in developing its internal economy while exports numerous kinds of cargos to the whole globe.

Both the US and China benefit a lot after mutual complementary economic relation formed. But that does not mean the whole. Conflict and tension arises when trade surplus occurs, also with several interest groups’ malevolent attitudes towards a more prosperous China.

Though the politic ideology of social status differs sharply, China and the US have to seek cooperation in dealing with regional affairs in order to protect nation’s own safety and interest. The North Korea nuclear incident is such an occurrence that requires multilateral mutual cooperation. This means that the difference of cultural between countries may bring about conflicts and deputes ceaselessly.

Today, with the gradual deepen of mutual understanding in civilization, old hostile attitudes are gone. In the mean time, some of them stay alive or even sharpened as a weapon to achieve creepy goals. For example: the cultural invasion, accusation of human rights, democracy and religion.

From all that above, we can see that the relation of the big two has its own uniqueness apart from common bilateral relations. Conflicts, interest intrusions and ideological disputes are constant, however, all of them laid on the foundation of mutually dependent economy.

Though trouble happens and in some certain periods the two sides acted like rivals, they are a little more like cooperators, for the foundation they stand on is so steady to wobble. What we can do for the two countries ‘relation is not much, but we all hoping that our country will become powerful and prosperous again and for all.

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