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英国论文代写范文精选-The rise of the United States

2016-06-08 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“The rise of the United States”,这篇论文介绍了美国的崛起。提起美国,人们第一时间想到的就是强大,经济发达等词语。毫无疑问,美国是现在最强大的资本主义国家。那么美国是靠什么兴起的呢?首先,是地理位置和资源;其次就是移民,提供所需的劳动力和新技术,形成了多元的文化。还有教育,技术等。

The United States is a young capitalist country. It is only a short period of about 200 years since the people in the newly discovered land launched the War of Independence, issued the Declaration of Independence, that the United States of America has developed into the world's most powerful capitalist country.

The United States has become the only superpower since the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Some people hold that the rise of America is owing to the warsbut I think this argument is not comprehensive.

Explore the reason of America’s rise, we have no difficulty discovering that it is closely related to many comprehensive factors, such as the advantageous geographical position, abundant natural resources, diversification of the nation and culture, the independence and timely reformation, democratic politics and favorable opportunities brought by wars.

The United States, one of the frequently-mentioned countries in the world, has established a highly developed national economy within a matter of about two hundred years, counting from the time of its independence.

There are many advantageous elements in the process of America’s approaching towards the great success. People from all over the world are surprised at its rapid development. As far as I am concerned, the rise of the United States results from a series of factors as follows.It is widely acknowledged that a nation’s economic development depends on, to a certain degree, what kind of geographical condition it has and how it makes use of it.

America’s position on the globe and its relative position in relation to other countries both provide advantage for the country in its development. Mainland America is located in the south of North America, mainly within the northern temperate zone. America has only two land neighbors: Canada to the north and Mexico to the south.

And they are not strong enough to pose a threat to its security, which relieve the burden to maintain a large frontier army along its border and enable America to stay free from invasions and conflicts. To the south, America lies in the Gulf of Mexico which is fertile of oil. On the west, America borders on the Pacific Ocean which provides convenient sea routes for America’s foreign trade with the Far East.

To the east of America lies the Atlantic Ocean which is the most important sea route to Europe and Middle East. Mainland America extends about 500 kilometers from east to west and some 2500 kilometers from south to north. Its coastline is about 20000 kilometers. This long coastline with many harbors not only benefits foreign trade and the fishing industry, but also brings much of the country within the influence of the oceanic air mass.

The large area of arable land is the base of America’s ever-growing agricultural production. About 47% of America’s land area can be used for farmland of which some 400 million acres are harvest cropland and about 900 million acres are permanent pasture land.

The large area of arable land makes it easier for America to develop its agriculture and grow enough food grain to feed its people. Abundant land resources make it possible for America to expand its production of fruits and livestock products to meet the demand of the market.

Owing to the large size of area suitable for the growth of plants, about one-third of America’s land area, or 750 million acres, is now still forest land of which more 500 million acres are commercial forests. The United States imports wood from Canada, but it also exports timber amd pulp to other countries, including China. The United States is very rich in mineral resources. It ranks among the countries with the greatest reserves of coal, iron ore and oil. Having plenty of mineral resources is a solid foundation for America’s industrialization.

In America, coal is mainly used to produce electricity and steel as well as chemicals. During the first Industrial Revolution, coal played a vital role in the industrialization of America. Besides, America has a large reserve of the iron.

Most of it is to be found in the Appalachians and in areas near Lake Superior. In the late 19th century, with the fast development of steel-making industry, machine building accelerated and then triggered a chain reaction of the development of other industries America was once the largest oil-producing country in the world. It laid a solid foundation for America’s developing into a nation on wheels.

All these natural resources have combined to provide a solid material base for American industry. America has the biggest market and the richest natural resources. No one can deny the fact that the immigrants, which provide needed workforce and new technology and form the diverse culture, have played a significant role in the development of the United States.

The large number of immigrants is the result of American Immigration policy which changes over time to meet the need of society. Immigration can be divided into two main periods: free immigration and restricted selective immigration.

From the establishment of America to 1882, America was badly in need for labor to develop its industry, so its policy encouraged foreigners to take American nationality without many restrictions. After 1882, America has enough people to meet its domestic need. Its policy began to put restrictions on immigrants.

Children and education occupy a very important position in America society. They represent the future of the nation. The prosperity of a nation, to some extent, depends on its education. The general goal of American education is to achieve universal literacy and to provide individuals with the knowledge and skills which are necessary in promoting their own individual welfare as well as that of the general public. Americans believe that education is indispensable to a qualified citizen as well as the democratic system.

American schools attach great significance to “learning by inquiry” and “learning by doing” methods. Schools are not only to pass on knowledge but also to help create new knowledge. Students are encouraged to learn by doing since it is easier said than done. It well explains why Americans are so creative and full of new ideas. America takes the lead in higher education.

The 19th century witnessed a rapid development of higher education. Modern college system was introduced to America, followed by a full-scale of revolution and innovation which was aimed to meet the need of the society. Universities practice self-government and the government does not interfere with their operation.

The United States has been a leader in scientific research and technological innovation since the late 19th century. Rapid development of industrial in America began in the 1830s with the large scale construction of railroads which stimulated the demand for coal, iron and steel. But scientific inventions have always been important in promoting the development of industry in the United States.

The 19th century saw the introduction of new farm machinery, food-processing plants, the telegraph, the telephone, electric light bulbs, the camera and moving pictures. The 20th century has witnessed even greater scientific achievements. These new high-technology products include jet jumbos, space shuttles, ultra-high speed computers.

In about 200 years’ history of the United States, America experienced several significant wars which had great influence on America’s development and provided lots of favorable opportunities for America’s growth. The benefits of the wars happened in the United States were more than the loss of that.

Tensions between American colonials and the British during the revolutionary period of the 1760s and early 1770s led to the American Revolutionary War, fought from 1775 through 1781.This war helps America become an independent country which has its own government and law. And at the same time it also promotes the economic development of capitalism.

The legacy of the Civil War includes ending slavery in the United States, restoring the Union, and strengthening the role of the federal government. The social, political, economic and racial issues of the war decisively shaped the Reconstruction era, which lasted through 1877, and brought about changes that would eventually help make the country a united superpower. The American Civil War was a great revolutionary war. It finally put an end to the slave system in America, a system which could not be reconciled with the development of capitalist production.

The Civil War taught Americans another lesson and greatly influenced American’s military science. This belief not only strengthened their determination to further develop science and production but also furnished a guiding principle for the construction America’s war machine.

It’s known to us that the economic system of America is capitalism, or private free enterprise. American economic system has been based on the main argument contained in The Wealth of Nations, written by Adam Smith. The book contained economic ideas which fitted with America ideas of government.

According to the theory, government should not interfere with the operation of economy which is adjusted by an invisible hand – market. American government advocates free competition which helps to produce more and better products at lower price. By translating the theory into practice, American economy achieved great success, but serious social problems also arouse. To eliminate competition, factories owners formed their monopolies to dominate the society. The gap between the rich and the poor was enlarged.

Learning from the great calamity and to guarantee equal opportunity and competition, the United States learnt to strengthen the government's intervention in the market and improve the economic system that has greatly developed the American economy.

President Theodore Roosevelt introduced stated-guided policy to economy. He made much effort in anti-monopoly, and punished many business oligarchies including Oil King Rockefeller and Steel King Carnegie. The government for the first put its hand into economy system and later it released a series of antimonopoly laws to keep its market healthy. America’s entry into World War I was April 1917, following a yearlong neutrality policy; the U.S. had previously shown interest in world peace by participating in the Hague Conferences. American participation in the war proved essential to the Allied victory.

After the war, the America became the richest country in the world and it also got large amounts of benefits from other countries. It could own the most powerful navy that could match with the British.

Post-war America witnessed the growth of new isolationism which was caused by disillusionment and accompanied by growing conservatism, nationalism and materialism. The nation focused its attention on domestic developments and successful business people became popular heroes.

Government relaxed enforcement of the antitrust law and this led to the new development of big corporations which soon dominated banks and the manufacture of such important products as steel, automobiles, radios, and so on. By the beginning of the 20th century, all major capitalist powers adopted policies characterized by imperialism. World War I marked another turning point in American history and was a predatory war between imperialist powers.

The United States witnessed a kind of industrial boom which was mainly based on progress of science and technology. Generators were greatly improved and electricity became the power source of about three-quarters of all industries.

World War II had its most profound impact on American domestic life by at last ending the Great Depression. After the Second World War, America became the strongest power in the capitalist world. Both the wars provided the U.S. an excellent period to develop its economy, technology and also military. As we all know, America is very successful as a capitalist. It develops from the colony into the only superpower around the whole world in about 200 years. It makes wonders in politics, economy, military and science.

The development of things is the consequence of internal and external causes. Opportunities favor only the prepared minds. When we admire its achievements nowadays, we should also try to see its efforts and preparations behind the glory. Although there are many predictions that the U.S. is on the way to decline, it is still quite influential to the whole world. Maybe what we can do now is to learn from the U.S. .

其实美国有一些东西是可以借鉴的,对我们国家的发展有很大的帮助。

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