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英国论文代写范文精选-Enclosure movement in English history and maritime hegemony

2016-06-22 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“Enclosure movement in English history and maritime hegemony”,这篇论文讨论了英国历史上的圈地运动及海上霸权。15世纪,英国开始圈地运动。英国以前基本上是一个农业社会,资本主义的发展是从农业开始的,资本主义的发展过程中,小农场被吞并,不断形成较大的农场,农场的资本主义性质出现了。1588年,英国海军和西班牙无敌舰队进行的一场大规模海战,以无敌舰队的彻底失败而告终,英国成为海上新兴的霸权国家。英国海外殖民地也得到了迅速的发展,为“日不落帝国”打下了坚实的基础。

15 th century, Britain began enclosure movement. The British before is basically an agricultural society, and the economic power of the landlord class and the status in Elizabeth reached its peak period, the development of capitalism is the start of the from agriculture, thanks to the enclosures. Farmers have no production material, from his labor years of land left, were forced to sell their labor become the laborer.

At the same time, the enclosure is the process of the merger expansion, small farm was annexed, and constantly to form larger farms, the emergence of a capitalist nature of the farm. Internally displaced farmers form of labor resources, capitalism and the nature of the farm provides agricultural market, and also for the future industrial development provides raw materials and market, Britain from the feudal agriculture began to capitalism transition. Elizabeth period there are many land owners amassing a great fortune, which is an example.

A Harvey deco called beth woman, use several death of her husband's land, will not big estate development have become huge industry kingdom. This is not a few characters, so a lot of capital into the hands of a few people began to the original capital accumulation. And rich people to the consumption demand and promote the development of the business, foreign trade needs. Mercantilism is the Adam Smith in its economic epic "the wealth of nations in the proposed. Pure economic ideas: "wealth by gold and silver or currency composition, in any country accumulated rich and the silver and the gold are stored the shortcut, silver and gold of the value of the country's political economy should be the goal."

At the time of the era, mercantilist as a national policy, is the specific economy's response to the political situation, the more important should be it. Queen Elizabeth just to power, the economic problems facing is tremendous, agricultural under siege, population growth, poverty aggravate, etc, together with stacks of Nemesis, poor countries to the self-preservation. She adopted a mercantile policies, from the economic rich countries, and then to have financial guarantee to strong soldiers. There are many specific measures, of simple to: The development of trade and overseas colony, the move extremely expansionary, is all the capitalist countries capital primitive phase of the necessary.

Because of its cost is small, huge profits, the benefits division between countries is a big problem, which many war, below the activities of Britain and Spain to sea is one of the famous a struggle. Tariff protection, the measures and often used even in now. At that time, collected great wealth people arrogant excessive life is high, foreign demand for luxury goods increase, French wine, Oriental spices, Africa of gold and ivory, LiFan's dye keeps flowing into Britain. However items into one, has done a lot of trade deficit, British goods exports also face difficulties.

According to the Adam Smith mercantilist countries to do its best to accumulate wealth principle, Britain should restrain input, encourage output. At that time the British is to limit foreign luxury and domestic production of products and medium can be imported, in order to develop domestic wool textile industry, also limit the export of wool, wool exports to the punishment is harsh.

To develop domestic industry, such as limits on export encouraging domestic hair wool textile industry, in addition, also vigorously support new industry, such as leather industry, metal industry and other manufacturing industries. The development of domestic industry not only accumulated wealth, solve the problem of unemployment, also formed the national thrift, love of labor of custom, this for UK lasting prosperity is very important. Elizabeth to mercantilist policies greatly improves the British national strength greatly improve the British international status, enter the heyday of the British empire.

Internationally, Britain out of the Spain's shadow, for future beat Armada buried the set. British overseas colony also got rapid progress, for ", do not fall empire "to lay a solid foundation. Its the rise of industrial and commercial, also identified the British the future development direction, become the seeds of industrialization and modernization. Have to say, Elizabeth is a bold and rich ideas of the queen, she even investment in the British pirates career.

Elizabeth before the upper, British eyes stays on the European continent, bloody Mary rule, Britain lost Calais, is the European continent in the final piece of the territory. Elizabeth immediately early, France and Spain on the European continent is filled the momentum, and the domestic economy, religion, politics and military crisis and heavy, again in the continent has not realistic ii....... And Elizabeth and British businessman will eye to the sea. The tudors from Henry vii began in the competition for the right to trade at sea, weaken the hanseatic businessman position, abolished the merchant of Venice in Britain in the trade privileges, in opposition to foreign businessmen control overseas trade struggle has obtained the certain victory.

But think about Spain Portugal to support marines search for travel other continents, is not at the time, the British financial resources can do get. Elizabeth to the throne, the memo that marked: "consider maritime affairs" is what the government must "immediately implement" one of the most.

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