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英国论文代写范文精选-The empire on which the sun never sets

2016-06-22 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“The empire on which the sun never sets”,这篇论文讨论了日不落帝国。日不落帝国,指太阳无论何时都会照在其领土上的帝国,这是当时繁荣昌盛的英国的别称。自从1588年,英国击败西班牙无敌舰队,英国逐渐取代西班牙,成为海上新兴的霸权国家,开始拓展海外殖民地。1815年,英国赢得了拿破仑战争,进一步巩固了在国际政治和军事强国的地位。

In the 18th century, British's colonies were over all of the seven continents. Every place can see the sun, this means that the sun never in a land to land. For this, British also were named as Sun never sets.

Since the 1588, British defeat the Spanish Armada, Britain gradually replace Spain, became the kingdom of emerging countries on the sea, and began to expand overseas colonies. In 1815, British won in the Napoleonic wars, further consolidated its position in international politics and military power.

The industrial revolution let British as the undisputed economic power. As the British economist William Stanley Jevons said: "North American and Russian plain is our corn, Canada and the Baltic sea land is our forest region, Australia is our pasture, Peru is our silver, South Africa and Australia is our gold mine, India and China is our tea plantation, the east Indies is our sugarcane, coffee, spices plantation, the southern part of the United States is our cotton plantation..." Nothing is forever, include Sun never sets.

Two world wars were a turning point, Sun never sets were on the decline of the course. In the 1870 s Britain gradually lose industrial monopoly status. The jury Germany, the United States gradually catch up with and overstep Britain, leading to an unprecedented contradiction between each other.

After war, British economic were at a low ebb in 1921, the unemployed population reached 2 million. At the end of the 1920 s and 30 s, the world economy crisis were break out, the contradiction between imperialist countries contradiction were intensified.

After the second world war, the United States issued the Bretton Woods System, pounds lost the captain's position in money, the economy development of British were affected. The colonies carried out the national liberation movement, British ,who had a lot of colonies, suffered from big blow. Germany rose sharply, and threaten the position of British. Take it, the influence of that in Europe, not in the world.

So when Europe broke out the all-out war, which became the turning point. It's just a power train, many colonial and semi-colonial countries fight for freedom and independence. At that moment, British's sun no longer always in the sky. During the second industrial revolution, US and Germany developed fast. Large-scale industry, manufacturing industry contribute to their military affairs, which led to British fall down in world war II directly. In fact, during world war I British already appeared the flagging situation.

It's said that British was to get the final victory, but their own is also scarred. It's aim of taking part in this war is hope to do as himself did in 17-19 century, through the beat the competition to consolidate their hegemony. But it's a pity that the fact is always on the opposite of imagination, world war I weaken British, especially in economic aspect. During the war, Britain's war spending increase sharply, 4 years and 3 months of war were to go to Britain to consumption nearly trillion pounds.

Add to the other reasons caused by war, British's debt rising rapidly, the domestic debt increased a whopping 10 times above, foreign debt has soared to 1.34 billion pounds. World war I not only cause the heavy debts, but also the domestic production decline and overseas market atrophy. To sum up, the world war one of Britain's national strength seriously weakened, shaking the British fundamentally the foundation of state power.

British first accomplish the first industrial revolution for himself, which take place in transform the fields of the production and social relationship fundamental. It makes the British manufacturing industry and transportation vigorous developed fast, was by far the leader in other countries, and stable his global dominance. But when the second industrial revolution came out, its center is not in British, other countries also began to rapid development, catch up with British.

In my opinion, it may be the British leadership underestimated the importance of the industrial revolution, give the other countries a good opportunity to breath and develope. If at that time, the leadership accurately grasp this opportunity to lead the second industrial revolution, then in a long time, Britain could lead the way. British wants to through war to overwhelm their rivals, which made British wrong to involved in world war I, this is not so much to decision-making errors than British long-term all supremacy of decision makers to confidence extreme inflation, underestimated Germany.

If the British can as the United States did, token part in the later stage of war, it is very possible that British through the world improve their positions once again. In the 1930s, due to the world war I, British's national strength was almost empty. Facing the fascist state aggressive attitude, British can only withdraw blindly, through giving the invaders some benefits to keep their own interests. This is a massive blow for British people's morale, effected the unity of the British empire.

Sun never sets' decline is caused by various reasons , but this is also the necessity of historical development rule. No country or national can always be strong and prosperous, the changing times with the situation at that time must change sharply. But we can still learn something: If a country wants to keep a relatively long period of strong, always be about to innovation and reform, not be bumptious for its strong. Keep the national strength in the turbulent situation, develop economy in peaceful times.

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