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英国论文代写范文精选-British History Research

2016-06-22 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“British History Research”,这篇论文讨论了英国史学的研究。公元6世纪,基督教传入英国,宗教文献诞生了。古英语是盎格鲁人和撒克逊人的语言,直到12世纪的时候才发展为中英语。14世纪中期英国文学达到了高峰。这一时期诗人创作出来的,大多数都是模仿法国和意大利的作品,直到后来才创作出拥有自己特色的英国文学作品。

Old English literature England island residents Celtic and early other tribes, leaving no written literature. 5th century, the original live Nordic three Germanic tribes-anglian, Saxon and jutes-infiltrating British, their epic "bei Mr WuFu" preach down. In poem the hero Beowulf WuFu kill trolls, dou duron, and conquer the nature in the process of evil forces died for the people. It is the background and circumstances of northern Europe, but have mixed with Christian composition, show for several modifications epic is not the original features.

According to save in a 10 century version of the manuscripts in perspective, the structure of the poem is complete, written as vivid, using alliteration and stressed words and embodies the Old English poetry appellation of characteristics. 6th century, Christianity was introduced into England, the emergence of a religious literature. The monks in Latin and write books, including the than Germany the British people's religious history " both rare historical facts, and have abound the legend of philosophy, and is honored, and translated into English.

Since then, the Danish invasions, many temples were destroyed in BingHuo, academic fade away. 9th century, wei Essex king Alfred strong resistance to Dan, at the same time to the academic, please a group of scholars will Latin translation work for English, and encourage write the Anglo-Saxon-Saxon chronicle, it is to use English to write the history of the local language began. Middle English literature in 1066, the Norman invasion, brought the feudal system of the European continent, also brought a group of French nobleman.

Old English is the dominant class the effect of language, itself is in play a change, the 12 th century development as the middle English. Literature also appears on the new trend, prevailed in rhyme write knight of legend, they sing praise to the Lord with a loyal to a lady of her love and high, of which the high art "GaoWen jazz and green knight". It first rhyme with the body languages, content is ancient king Arthur's a "knights" adventures. 

14 century, middle English literature reached the peak. This period of important poet Geoffrey Chaucer's creation process, from the early stage of France and Italy works of imitate, into the later British ecru realistic, show that the British literature of confidence. His masterpiece the Canterbury tales in exquisite, lively rhyme, describes a group of pilgrims to Canterbury of speech manner; They come from different classes and industry, each of the story, or vulgar or, and reveals the various social reality.

At the same time, and the church staff LanGeLun write head little rhyme body long poem "the farmer Pierce", in the form of dream and the symbol of the implied meaning, wrote the 1381 riots of the rural farmers and reality, often took serious poems was is feeling. The lower people's emotions as catharsis and folk songs, they are often in the long time of orally before writing decide, first among them in the 15th century codex's Robin Hood ballads, described the a group of farmers, hit man church monks and law enforcement collectors deeds, told today.

Second, the Renaissance literature the 16th century, because the new route discovered overseas trade developed, the British national strength gradually full, nationalism, 1588 vanquished mainland power sent the invasion of Spain "Armada". Culture also appears on a frequent activity, works out the Renaissance of competition situation.

As in the 14 th century Italy, Renaissance in Britain is to find Greek, Roman classical culture began. University of ancient Greek restored the teaching, then came the translation of large-scale activities, many scholars, writers will ancient Greek, Roman and modern Italian, French and other countries of the academic and literary classics translated into early modern English. Philosopher and educator, history home, politicians, religious people are engaged in writing, with different ways to express the humanistic ideas, including Thomas Moore wrote in Latin and the utopia.

This works by a traveler goes way of talking about overseas, paint a no private ownership and religious oppression and advocating the academic's ideal society, and in order to be productive for wool and large-scale enclosure, forcing the poor farmers displaced "sheep eat people" the reality of the British the strong condemnation.

Poetry creation active unprecedentedly, a large number of poems published, open the genius of the important moment in poems also saw the "miscellaneous collection", has made China and surrey two people on Italian sonnet of pastiche, make this a poetic take root in the UK. By the 90 s, sid the famous poet, all published 14 lines of poetry, though still love to sing praise to give priority to, but it can break the old pattern and injected new content.

More important than sonnets and other style, or lyric, or narrative, or ironic, or explore philosophy, have outstanding representative writer, and achievements of the largest number of the spencer. His major works "after the" large-scale, rich in content, use of medieval knight legendary genre, and for the main way to fable, mentally is against Catholic and praise as British national symbol of queen Elizabeth, communicate the emerging of the severe Puritan socialist morality, and out of beautiful and changeful rhyme, make spencer was not only come to poetry and become exquisite postmodernists subvert later writers delight in "the poet's poet".

The achievements of the poetry also includes no rhyme body in the success of the script use. With the combination of the drama of this period produce the most proud of literature results: ShiJu. From the 1580 s, ShiJu the authors get rid of the medieval mystical drama, miracle play, morality play religious color and rough skills, established a vibrant new play, a keen, strongly expressed the spirit of the age, in art on many aspects of the bold innovation. To make the first successful without rhyme poetry into drama of the media body is Marlowe. He "magnificent poem" write the magnificent characters, such as "the timurid" the central Asia the builder of the great empire and "Faust the tragedy of dr." the pursuit of knowledge dr infinite Germany, at the same time, in the Edward ii " will be a king had written for the first historical dramas. Marlowe early death, but ShiJu continue to grow, after Jason kidd, green, chapman, dirk, Middleton, javier, who's creative practice of Heywood, theme expand, skills more hasten is mature, to Shakespeare and master.

Shakespeare is an actor and playwright, life wrote 37 of the script. He takes the best and their own creation, in historical plays, comedies, tragedies and romantic drama all aspects are writing his masterpieces. His nine historical works, including from king John to Henry v for 300 years between the British history, the big scene in unprecedented Numbers, and the author also write magnificent, against feudalism and the civil war, enthusiastically praising the formation of the national state. His comic lively much fun, with a strong flavor of life, including "a midsummer night's dream" and "happy" and full of romantic poetry, a transport ourselves; "The merchant of Venice" with vivid court against scene puts forward the overseas trade and economic problems such as the jews usury; And complete structure, language, and several expose the pilgrims sharp false "twelfth night". He wrote the genius of tragedy is first "romeo and Juliet", the sing praise to free love script as fresh as the morning dew, and a pair of youth and innocence of the feudal family death of the strong cruel indictment, for the later Western Europe and even the world literature art provides and a long-term attractive theme.

1600 years later, he thought the more profound, skills and more sophisticated, created a series of excellent tragedy, of which "Hamlet" to write a young humanist face the forces of evil in doubt, hesitate before finally for "reforming tide" gave the life; "Othello." to write a Venice black general although fighting skill caps, but still got the evil forces play jokes on that killed innocent wife; "King Lear" to write a king in old do very unreasonable, so also is very not reasonable to treat, finally was stranded on the folk, and in the process but wu arrived the truth; "Macbeth" is exploring the ambition of destructive, full of superstition and terror of atmosphere, the author but let his descriptions of sinners analysis from the heart, and meditation and reflection to the tragedy in greater depth.

This period work marks Shakespeare to reach his dramatic art vertex. Later he turn to play legend of writing, to forgive reconciliation as the theme, including "the storm" is still attractive excellent work. In Shakespeare at the end of the creation, ShiJu still prosperity, not only bao monte and darren Fletcher in writing the play legend, also appeared Shakespeare had not try to social satire show, and its representative writer is Johnson. He is the best play of the fox " and" alchemy, they take 17 century London social liar, the alchemist, diners, whore, the flow of the pilgrims exposure to get incisively and vividly, the poem also standard li powerful. But Johnson, in order to appeal to the court later and to write false face play.

At the same time appeared on the stage, Turner, people write Webster's murder play, with great poem to them and rendering pornography and terror, the BaiXiang has now ShiJu. Wait for ford, fix the script was put on, not only content trivial, verse also vain, and deeply in the political belief, increasingly powerful Puritan socialist asset class that has not pleased, they control of congress in 1642 through the law, closed all the theater. From the 16th rise of British ShiJu, after 60 years of the brilliant after growing process, thus is against failure. The Renaissance literature and the entomological society prose works. 16 century English are a little too miscellaneous, but very abound expression force, the narrative, jelly, spring, BianNan, omnipotent, so there was a various styles of prose, FanLi neatly in Lebanon as the Buddha especially Israel ", understand XiaoChang such as Nash's" unfortunate traveler ", polybasic graceful as hooker" on the church policy law ", contracted meaningful such as bacon's" essay ". The above in Lebanon and Nash two book is primitive form of the novel.

In addition to the German Rodney write small towns of the handicraftsmen three books, especially write the cobbler's "the noble industry", in detail on the narrative is already close to later realistic novel. It is because at this moment the English expression force strong, so the mass in translation activities also produced a number of excellent translation, such as north, the translation of the general Lou tucker of the Greek and Roman celebrity more houses "and the translation of Florida's montaigne's" SuiBiJi ". They are all Shakespeare reference books. 17 th century the most important translation is 1611 by king James I ordered the issue of the English bible. It is a scholar of the collective 47 translation results, absorb the English version before the advantages of simple words and abound image, rhythm, also give the beauty of tone, to later English produced profound and lasting impact.

Above thought, academic, poetry, ShiJu, essays, the activities of the translation etc achievements, especially in ShiJu for the most, and that this period to become European literature to the one of the literary world peak. 16, 17 of the century, Britain, the contradiction of the political and economic deepening, the heart unrest, reflect the literature, in addition to the above ShiJu decline, and the prose works around politics and religion in the debate of the sharp increase, in poetry appeared to donne, as a representative of the metaphysical poetry and some called knight wing of the noble young wrote love poem, the former with novel image and rhythm of the succession of the faith and doubt write complex mood, show when science development impact the influence of the tradition culture; The latter express a latter-day emotional appeal. In the 1640 s, revolution finally broke out. People's after public trial, executed the king Charles I, and playing a fierce after the civil war set up with the bourgeoisie regime headed by Cromwell. In the literature, the revolutionary principally in two aspects: one is to have a lot of leaflets and brochures blackwell, all kinds of group especially belongs to the left-wing revolutionary faction average pie and dug through them to send to political opinion, which LiErBen, temperature, Stanley write sharp powerful; 2 is there was a great poet of the revolution-Milton.

Milton for revolution contribution, first lies in his political essays. Since 1641, he put aside the early with beautiful poem for pen, and in English and Latin wrote many political talk brochures for British people to put to death the king's revolutionary action defense, also published his progress opinions like "on divorce" and "on the freedom of the press". His article although sentence patterns of heavy and complicated, but the male of the United States, in the British prose unassisted.

The revolution of 1660 suffered major setback, restoration. Then Milton have blind and by the political persecution, but by him, turned his females.some cavity written into the last three of his life work. First is "paradise lost". This first to human ancestors of paradise lost bible story as the theme of the epic of the show the Puritan socialism, and in the description is for satan and pour into his revolutionary ideas, it is those who sing something of a loud poems constitute the line is the most moving chapters. La "after paradise" he refused to satan temptation of narrative moral integrity, although see light, still more lovers.

Also published "Samson agonistes is English the best of the classical Greek tragedy, the structure is rigorous and outstanding character. The authors write Samson are blind and in jail, and still force of violence, and finally perishes together with the enemy. There were Milton to his extraordinary life review, hot emotional overflow poem, says he still ZhuangHuai fierce, constant revolution original intention. In art Milton strive for perfection in Greek, Roman classical literature as the model, but do not break again British character, in his works without rhyme with the bright beauty more solemn, showed "magnificent style". After the restoration, literature as one of climate change, and in the Puritan laughed at satires, the French "hero tragedy" and reflect the flashy, frivolous aristocratic life "fashion comedy". This kind of comedy is also intended to save the irony, such as congreve "so morals of the world".

At this time the literary world leader is dryden, he has various ability, the main achievements in political satires and literary theory. Also have writers against society fashion at that time, such as the lower class of people from Yang, his pilgrim's progress with simple and vivid words and the form of fable described in a devout christians full of sin in the world of experience, to live in a "vanity fair" for the top of the stern condemnation. Here is the echo of the Puritan socialist, and the outstanding narrative work ability and make it a precursor of the modern novel.

There are two kind of prose works, brought new atmosphere. One kind is scientific articles. Established in 1660 with the royal society requirement member "craftsman, hillbilly, businessmen of language," try to express all things "as in mathematics that simplicity". Another kind is the philosophical work, have first Hobbes, after Locke, with the clear, strong words published their empirical philosophy and political ideas, especially the rock far-reaching social contract theory became modern bourgeois democracy theoretical basis. Realistic style and democratic ideas are welcome asset class; The king is reset, and also the real power in their hands. In 1688, they put another unpopular king off the stage, and businessmen and the landlord's regime was the league with a firm grip, literature and into a new period.

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