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英国论文代写范文精选-The history of Britain

2016-06-22 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“The history of Britain”,这篇论文讨论了英国的历史。英国全称为大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国,由英格兰、威尔士、苏格兰和北爱尔兰组成。它的历史发展可以分为三个历史时期。在不列颠群岛上很早就有人类活动。约公元前30世纪,伊比利亚人从欧洲大陆来到大不列颠岛东南部定居。约公元前700年以后,居住在欧洲西部的凯尔特人不断移入不列颠群岛,其中有一支称为不列吞人,不列颠这一名称可能来源于此。

English full name in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. North-west Europe island, land on the island of Great Britain by England, Scotland, wales and Northern Ireland on four parts of the AiErLanDao and many small islands. Her history development can be divided into three historical periods. In the British Isles on very early has human activity. About the third millennium discipline, the Iberian people from Europe came to the island of Great Britain southeast to settle down.

After about 700 BC, living in Western Europe of the celts constantly move into the British Isles, including a column called not swallow a human, the British this name may result from this. The celts known to use an iron, the plough on the technology progress, and has set up a file the use of currency. Force development promotes Kerr's gradual social differentiation. 55 B.C. and former 54 years, G.J. Caesar Roman army invaded Britain twice rate, are the British people driven back. AD 43, the Roman emperor claudius invaded Britain DE I rate army.

Conquer Britain changed its for the provinces of the Roman empire. The Romans to the river Thames in London as the center of the mouth, all directions build avenue, the connection of all over the city, make London as the Roman Britain and the center of the external contact with rule. For from northern celts began to move south, in the 020 s the Roman emperor P.A. hadrian reign, a Roman in the island of Great Britain northern built a transcontinental things, the 118 km of the Great Wall, the history said that hadrian Great Wall.

In the Roman rule of the southeast area, the Romans and the celts began the upper preempted tribal public land, and set up big farmstead slavery, become the celts or prisoners of war for slaves. The Roman people engaged in farming, mining forced slaves, slave dealer the slaves are sold to the continent. 3 ~ 4th century, along with the slave struggle intensifies, the Roman empire gradually decline. 4th century before, during and after the British against Roman rule of the struggle between gradually.

By 407, the Roman troops were forced to complete evacuation of Britain, the Roman rule on Britain which will end. From 5 to 6th century German invasion, to 17th century bourgeois revolution broke out, the feudal production mode is the formation, development and period of time; Academics also have put the Norman conquest British ZhongGuShi as of the beginning of the view.

Anglo-Saxon people in Britain after the Romans, live in the north to the south is near and Denmark Anglo-Saxon people from the Rhine and the lower reaches of the jutes DengRi hillman tribes, the 5th century from the middle of the invasion in Britain. About a century and a half invasion process continues. The invaders looted towns and villages and the British people were killed or slaves and some have been driven to the west, northwest mountain area, most British history. Points with the invaders who unite and form later England, or call the giovanni cobolli gigli. To 7th century, invader has established seven powers: the east and northeast saxons mercia and northumbria "leah and east Anglia, southern Saxon wessex, Essex and Sussex, southeast of the jutes Kent. This period the history said that "seven countries age."

Anglo-Saxon invasion is tribal clans when organization. In the process of invasion, the original clan organization disintegrated, geographically village of and in its place. Village land public, free farmers use to villages and communities. With the development of productive forces, land gradually became the private property, appear to the nobles, large land ownership, attachment farming and slaves.

Village become clan commune to feudal land ownership land system in the form of transition, in general, is British society in the process of the feudal began. 6 th century, Christianity was introduced into England. In 597, Pope Gregory I case sent the godsworn augustine to England missionary. To the 7th century, England has converted to Rome throughout basically all Christian. From 8th century began to Denmark subjectivity in Scandinavian often invade England. To fight the danes, wessex kingdom king egbert unified seven countries in 827 and built up a unified kingdom of England.

To 9th century, the Danish people set up on the island of Great Britain has set up a file in large reservation. In 879, alf fierce deda king and the Danish concluded a treaty, northeastern England to Denmark will jurisdiction, called "Danish area". 10th century's Fred himself king of Denmark area gradually recovered. 11th century, Danish stage a comeback, Denmark WangKe Mr Big emperor become the king of Britain.

G, Mr Son of death, the British throne returned to the British Edward. The Danish people during the occupation, in the process of the feudal acceleration. Because the war is frequent, tax FanKe class, especially heavy "Danish gold", make free farmers going bankrupt, attachment to farmers. The king of the land with letters form to teach common conferring the noble, become the feudal territory. In 930, England's king ordered " people there will be the Lord", farmers to avoid war and taxes and good safety, and the land to the big landlord, again brought back farming, and said his protection by the landlord.

The king back to teach the landlord to call "special grace rights", that is the territory of attachment farmers political, economic, legal, etc comprehensive sovereign power. Grace's right of the accelerated farmers serfs. After the death of king Edward no heirs, France in 1066, the duke of Normandy William at an annual rate the invasion, October into London, was crowned king WeiLianYiShi, the history said that "William the conqueror," Norman dynasty created. The Norman conquest of accelerating completed had already started the process of feudal, feudal production mode is basically established. William conquest British, claimed to be the highest national land owners. His great confiscate the Anglo-Saxon noble and free farmers' land, the loss of land and about 1/6 of forest area of about a third in his pocket, and the rest to his Norman cronies and his entourage, and according to how many of the packet land, given nobility. The church also by Norman takes over.

The official seal WeiLianYiShi himself again fief into small pieces, given his subservient to the points. Through the packet land, set up a set of strict feudal system. William requires not only their own direct sealing I swore allegiance to, ask the sealing seal minister princes of his devotion to also. In 1086, William sent secretary to the national survey, into the land survey book, detailed records every county much land belong to the king, how many belongs to the Lord, the Lord and how many dependencies, each plantation how much land, MuChu, how many free farmers, attachment farmers, slaves, and how much forest, grassland, pasture, mills, fish ponds, how many monetary income territory.

For the purpose of the record, is to let the king detailed the property status of princes to seal, and asking them to strictly fulfill the feudal obligations. People were afraid of the survey, feel like was facing the doomsday, so a detailed list of investigation was known as domesday book. According to the survey, Britain at the time, the population of about 150 ~ 2 million, noble British history.

About 4%, free farmers 12%, serfs and other attachment farmers is more than 70%. This suggests that after the Norman conquest, serfdom rapid development. In places, the king's power mainly by the county sheriff implement. The sheriff appointed by the king and direct jurisdiction. To discuss the affairs of state, the king organization the privy council, the hospital was also called the king of the senate or the court.

Norman dynasty through the above measures, set up more than France strong centralized rule of feudalism. A: is this the feudal society an important characteristic. Powerful kingship get in, small feudal aristocracy, church and wealthy townsfolk's extensive support, they claim the protection of the monarchy. Big feudal lords against the monarchy is too centralized, but they FengTu dispersed, difficult to independent party, with against kingship. After the Norman conquest, in the domain of the packet everywhere on the feudal farm there.

The feudal farm is British feudal society's basic economic unit, the Lord is a manor holding full sovereign. Farm land often include a directly to the Lord, a land and forest, pasture, ponds, and other public 3 parts. Labor rent is the main form of exploitation. Most of the farmers into real serfs. The serf in Britain is called vilain, with 15 to 30 acres of land, for the Lord take labor; In addition to the edge agriculture, farmers and slaves cot there.

British society, the feudal was a long, slow process, not to be thorough, retained more former feudal. There are still quite a few estate free farmers. Big feudal lords as the forces of the European continent some countries with their powerful feudal aristocracy, the collapse of the feudal system than other country early. This is England of the feudal system and a feature.

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