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英国论文代写范文精选-The Mill on the Floss

2016-06-23 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“The Mill on the Floss”,这篇论文讨论了弗洛斯河上的磨坊。弗洛斯河上的磨坊是乔治•艾略特的第二部长篇巨著。生活在这个社会中,人们想要实现愿望都会受到一些限制。在现实中,有些纠纷无法调解的时候,就需要其中一方作个人牺牲。然而社会之间所存在的矛盾,不能轻易解决。通常很多波折,相互理解才是问题的关键。乔治•艾略特的弗洛斯河上的磨坊清晰地反映了这一现象。

George Eliot' The Mill on The Floss is a controvisial one. In hter nove there are conflicts among individuals as well as individuals between society. One's own self realizatoon and acceptance are bonded by the outside worls to some extent. One has to make sacrifice to fit into the society. This paper based on the main character's experienxe and social backgrounds . through analysis, the paper tries to reveal the relation between one's own will and the outside's bondage pon him or her, then indicate only mutual understandinh and love are important ways to solve the conflicts.For anyone living in a society, he or she is bonded by the outside world to some extent. His or her own self-fulfillment will be limited no matter what their own will is. In reality, individual has to sacrifice something for outside conciliation. However the conflicts which exist among society can’t be solved easily. Usually after many twists and turns, mutual understanding and love are proved to be the key to the problems. George Eliot’s the Mill on the Floss reflects this phenomena clearly

In fact George Eliot is a typical example who had undertaken pressure from the external force and taste the bitter of outside bondage. It can be seen from her name on one hand. Her origin name is Mary Ann Evans and Eliot seems to be more proper for a man’s name. However, Evans chose writing as her occupation which was rare for a woman at that time. In order to meet fewer obstacles she had to use a male’s mane as her pen name. On the other hand Eliot’s own life experience told people one who wants to realize self-fulfillment must prepare for fighting against the outside world.

“Eliot took over the management of the household only at sixteen. Finding local teachers to guide her she studied German, Italian, Greek and Latin.”With cumulative knowledge about science she refused to go to church at twenty two, which shocked her family and the society, then the conflicts between the religion and her own pursue for free spiritual world happens again and again. And she also does another surprising thing in a most conventual’s society. She falls in love with G.H Lewes who had already got married; moreover she lives together with him publicly.

There must be much courage taken for Eliot to defy an almost unanimous social disapproval in her way to seek true happiness. She got it at a high cost of losing many relatives including her beloved brother and some friends. Misunderstanding digs a deep grap between them.During Eliot’s life she tries to escape from the society but involved in it, which is also reflected in her works.

The Mill on the Floss is a classic one. The novel gives the detail of Tom and Maggie Tulliver’s life. They are brother and sister growing up on the river Floss near the village of St.Ogg. Their father Mr. Tulliver managers the mill handed down from their ancestors. He sent Tom to have better education he thought and had to borrow money from Wakem a man Mr. Tulliver has deep prejudice. Unfortunately Mr. Tulliver fails in a suit case while Mt. Wakem is the opponent’s counsel.

Then Mr. Tulliver has to sell all his fortune to Wakem and become his employer in order to live. But he is not reconciled to the bad condition. After Mr. Tulliver’s bankruptcy Tom breaks his school study and become an accountant in a bank.Because of Tom’s striving for success and diligent work their condition improved. However, when Tom tried to buy the mill Mr. Tulliver revenge himself fore Wakem but got stroke being too excited. His daughter Maggie is an intelligent and kind girl she keep pure friendship with Wakem’s son Phillip in spite of the opposite from father and brother. Tom can’t understand Maggie all the time and end their relation after Maggie’s elopement. In the end when a flood happens in the floss, Maggie tries to rescue her brother Tom and they reconcile but die together in the flood.The story is a sad one, but the tragic destiny of the character is bonded closely with the outside world they live. In 19th century men and women have different responsibilities. Men are supposed to make a living for the whole family.

In Mr. Tulliver’s house Mr. Tulliver manages the business in the mill. After his bankruptcy his son Tom undertakes the heavy burden straightly. And women are confined in a very small circle. They are considered to be housewife in the household and dependent on men. Just illustrated with Maggie’s story, although she is clever and independent to some extent, she still can’t live herself, first under his father’s protection then his brother’s support, Maggie’s aunts are all typical housewife in the society and Mrs. Maggie wants to educate Maggie to accept woman’s role, too.One’s social background has great influence on one’s growth. A person’s outlook, belief and behavior, etc are connected closely with his social background.

One must adjust himself to the condition he lives in. take Maggie as an example, too. She sacrifices many things as a woman in Victorian England. Although she is intelligent she has got no right to get his education s boys like her brother, his father confirm Maggie is very clever, but thinks her “Too clever for a woman” “an over –clever woman is like a long –tailed sheep -- it doesn’t add to her value”which is an almost unanimous social belief at that time. She love reading and Latin, but only learns them herself.

Maggie can’t work like his brother but only to stay at home, although she can do better than Tom at some things. Also in the pursuit of love and confirm she has no fair chance like men. She has to give up the companion of Phillip Wakem when his father and brother oppose. She also had to end her elopement in face of her family and the society. Maggie’s education, occupation and love are all influences by the society by the society at that time. She is a most tragic character in the novel.Tom as a male in 19th century is also restrained in many aspects by his social background.

First “he is known to us as a lively and adventurous boy and clearly enjoys traditionally manly activities such as fishing, riding big horses and thinking about owing a gun one day.” he may never worry much about his future before this time. There’s suspect that Tom will enjoy a life laden with adventures and few responsibilities until it is his time to take over the family business and become a man.

However, in order to meet his family’s expectation, Tom is sent to school and receivers an education where he is “a bit nimble with his tongue and his pen, and [because] a smart chap”. In the new environment all Tom’s previous seems to be of no use to him. He also feels very strange to be of no use to him. He also feels very strange to his new subjects and failed to prove himself through his studies.

He has become quite aware of his difficulties in grasping the new concept that were thrown at him every day make him appear “stupid” and this knowledge gives him a “girl’s susceptibility” when Tom’s school life has not ended, the terrible accident his family has been in makes him return home. Before this he is an immature boy, but he is pressed too quickly into manhood and soon becomes ultra-masculine. Tom manages to get a job to support his family and work hard to pay the family’s debt. It can be summarized in the beginning Tom sacrifices his interest to satisfy his family’s great expectations on him. Later he ends his childhood suddenly and undertakes a man’s responsibility instead of a carefree boy.Phillip Wakem as Wakem’s only son should be happier than Tom for his rich family background.

However he gets a deformed back when man is thought to be strong and masculine, he is often discriminated and pitied by others,, which makes him a sentimental boy, his father lawyer Waken is thought to be a rascal by Mr. Tulliverfrom which it can be known lawyer Wakem as a counsel may often make an enemy of other. Although Phillip show intelligence in his study and is a master of the arts, he is repeatedly described as womanly or feminine for his deficiency. He calls Tom’s dislike for his weak body and his family background, and also loses many chances of meeting with Maggie.

The weak side of Phillip is often sympathized by others.Another character Lucy is not a central character in the novel but is also very important. She is used to make a comparison with Maggie in many times. In Victorian England, women are expected to show many famine merits which are reflected in her right. Lucy Deane follows gender roles. Her mother brings up her in a traditional lady way so she is portrayed as a perfectly feminine girl. She has “the neatest little rose bud mouth to be kisses: everything about her was neat--her litter round neck with the row of coral beads, her little straight nose…”she shows many feminine behaviors required for women art that time.

And follow the standard rules for women. So Lucy can be considered a good woman in Victorian England,In the face of various situations,. Individuals are inevitably restrained by the outside world, but their responses are not always the same: they may resist or compromise. However it is not absolutely concentrated in one person. One may be resisting, first but compromise later, one also may be obedient to his destiny but fight from time to time.

As discussed above, women are confirmed to household. There are much discrimination against women at that time. Maggie is a main character in the novel, fighting almost all her life towards discrimination on her. As a little girl, she is so naughty that a boy can’t compare with her when her mother and aunts are not satisfied with her uncurled disordered hair, Maggie, a nine years old girl, cuts her hair short herself, as a child, she can’t understand why people expect her to act in such “a way that would make her physically uncomfortable and deny her the right to express all of her vibrant feelings.”during her growth, she continually defies society’s expectation for her actions.

Though her father thinks school education is no use for a girl, she reads every book she can get her hands on and gives herself a sort of “self-education”. “ Maggie proves herself so smart that she is almost as good at Latin as Tom is and she has never taken a lesson”In pursuit of love, she keeps secret friendship with Phillip in spite of family’s opposition. Because of  falling in love with Stephen, she makes a decision on impulse: elopment. Fighting is always the choise Maggie chooses. However, as Maggie ages and comes to deal with his father's illness. She begins to let herself be pushed into a more traditional mold. "she reads the writing of Thomad A Kempis and decides to live a life of piety and self-denial"She makes this descision because she feels the desire to fit into her societry, now that she must take on more responsibilities at home due to her father's illness.

In face of the love for Phillip Wakem, Maggie also showed expected behaviour for women at that time. She feels more completed by the sense that it is a selfless love because Phillip's deficiency in body. Maggie is fighting and conciliating all the time. So it can be explained why Maggie runs away with Stephen but ends their elopment soon.On one hand she is against the outside wish because she wants to pursue her own happiness. It's the only way for a woman like Maggie to do so.

"For what response could poor Maggie ever win except by wresting."But on the other hand, as an indivial she belongs to the society, so she must take the limitations imposed on women by nineteen-century society.Tom Tuliver also accepts his role as a man in contemporary society. as a boy, he loves outside doors and always wants to fight physically for gis place in the world. Tom's spiturial worl fits the spirit of knight in traditional England. He tries to satisfy his family's exceptations and he studies hard on the subject he is not good at. After the family's accident he receives the family's burden without complains, as if it is natural for him to follow this.Tom is aligned himself with the narrow, self-serving ethic of the rising entrepreneur.

In Tom's long seek of employment from Mr. Deane Tom managers to hold up his tears and behaves a man's way,  when Mr. Deane says he is no use in many jobs. But he succeeds at last. He explains to Mr. Deane that he cares about his own standing and is willing to learn anything needed. He receives Mr.Deane's compliments:"That's the right spirit. I never refuse to help anyone if they have made up their minds to help themselves".The 19th century give man the responsibility to look after the family in financial aspects. Tom dose it very well.

Another character Phillip's response to the society can't be nelected, either. Comparing with Tom, he is a gentleman in many aspects. However , because of his deformity in body, he is considered weak throughout the entire novel. During the schooltime when Tom and Phillip are schoolmates, "Phillip is always depicted in a gentler light with finer features and more refined talents."" When Tom goes out and experiences adventures, Philiip only reads about them and retells the stories of others."Phillip's gentle gestures are espically showed when he has dealings with Maggie.

He draws the picture and sings songs for her. He's always polite and knowledgable. However, most his behaviour are not merits but a kind of compromise to the society. He accepts the role the society assume to him. He can be strong to oppose so metimes, but he concliates with the circumstance and his family Only his decision that marry Maggie is against his father's will , but  it's only an expisode and fails at last. Then when it comes to Lucy, she is made a comparison with Maggie from young age. all her behaviour are proper for a lady at that time. She is obediant to the outside. Unlike Maggie she always shows calm and judgement. Lucy is confined herself to the household. After Maggie's elopement with Lucy's lover Stepen .

Lucy shows her forgiveness to Maggie. She is traditional like his mother generation both in her spirit. It can be called standard rules for a girl to obey. But in her inner world , Lucy longs to play with her cousins Maggie and Tom, ans she is only obedient to the circumstance she live in all the time. It is the expectation from family and society that makes her a traditional lady.There are many conflicts in the novel which are showed in many characters and concetrated on Maggie. George Eliot explores the conflict between self-realization and acceptance that makes for the ambivalence at the heart of characters. It's also the origin of Maggie's inner conflict. Maggie is not willing to accept the role the society give to her, but at the same time she assumes duties a woman should have.

Maggie Tulliver is trapped by being too compliant with other people's exceptations of her, although she fights bravely but her inner struggle often brings her extreme pains.The climax is Maggie and Stepen's elopment. Maggie struggles between her love for Stepen and her duties to Phillip and Lucy, contracted as it were in her past .She rejects Stepen eventually and makes her way back to St.Oggs. Her last compromise implicates many women's plight at that time.

Inner conflicts come from outside force. Maggie is influenced heavily by the external world. She years for the education that is not considered necessary or good for girls. she needs to love and be loved. But is blocked by her brother's incomprhehension.

The plight of women in general is showed by Maggie in a serious way. There are also many petty family obstacles to her freedom. Maggie has tasted and sought more of a forbidden knowledge for a woman. She shows her sympathy with others which is sharp contrast with many persons around her. She loves her brother Tom, but "as the heads strong Maggie grows into womanhood, the deep love which she has for Tom turns into conflict, because she can't reconcile his bourgeois standards with her own lively intelligence."Then Maggie's conflicts between her and the whole bourgeosie's spirit. Also "Tom's pragmatict antd reserved nature clashes with Maggie idealism and fervor for intellectual gains and experience."

Other conflicts such as various family crises reveal the complicated relationship between people.There are many reasons that can expain the conflict existed in the novel in effect the 19th century England. The root is people's traditional attitude towards relationship among society. People have clearly conscience of status and gender roles that's why Mr.Tulliver expects his own son has a differnt life from him, so he sends him to a clergyman at Kins's Norton at a high cost. Women are expected to stay at home and to obey the rules for them.

They are considered to have no right for social deeds in many times. What they also do is follow father or brother's will. "The world is changing quickly but dealing with her father's illness Maggie begins to let herself be pushed into a more traditional molds."This decision is clearly motivates by the desire she feels to fit into her society. Money is very important in life. Through the novel Mr. Tulliver's family are connected with money and going ups and downs with family's fortunes. Mrs. Tulliver's sisters  condemn Mrs. Tulliver for her poor condition and refuse to help her. It's a cold and indifferent relationship among people in the society.

So Maggie's passion and kindness meet many obstacles and form a conflict between her and the outside world.Lack of mutural understanding is another key reason for conflicts in the novel. Tom and Maggie are beloved brother and sister. They care about each other deep. But without understanding Maggie, Tom refuses Maggie many times , and at last he even roughly sends her away for Maggie's mistake on impulse, "telling her that she will never be welcome under his roof." and Mr. Tulliver's prejudice and contradiction with Phillip Wakem's father as well as Mr. Tulliver untimely death, serve both to intensify Tom and Magie's prejudice, but  in the same time highlight their love for each other. Confronting with difference, they don't talk the problen directly but misunderstand each other in a further step.

Athough the conflicts and differences Tom and Maggie have and other characters have got . Maggie and Tom reconcile at last. It is love and mutual understnading that solve the divergence especially in the end of the novel. Maggie tries to rescue Tom without concerrning about her own life.Tom understand Maggie eventually and all their conflicts disappear.The individual are influenced by their circumstances in many ways, George Eliot’s The Mill on the Floss reveals it clealy.

The effect of society upon the individual is great and the individual reponds the outside force different at different life's time.In Victoriamn England male and female have different roles in the society,. Men are assumed to have more right and responsibility than women. it is the same case with their pressure. However, the limitations societies given to women are more sad for women. "Eliot hersel once compares Victorian England to a prison" so under this condition individual fights the external force on one hand and on the other hand makes a compromise from time to time.

In Eliot's novel each characer is portrayed as behaving in various ways due to varied external and internal forces. This is reflected in Maggie very well. She is intelligent and not satisfied with the role family expected of her. she fight with the unfair in early years but later family's bankruptcy make Maggie's intellectural aptitude waste in her socially isolated state. she makes many sacrifice as to fit herself to the society needs for her.

In sum the novel tries to tell us self-realization and acceptance is not an even way. There are many conflicts, here and there, now and then. One's own destiny is not dependent on his own choice. In order to meet with the external force, he has to sacrifice something for concliation.

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