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英国论文代写范文精选-UK government Culture construction

2016-06-23 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“UK government Culture construction”,这篇论文讨论了英国政府文化建设。在构建和谐社会的过程中,当地文化的建设和发展,提高文化生活水平是一项重要而紧迫的任务,英国的实践为我们提供了许多启示。为了弘扬和发展民族文化,提高人们的文化认同和国家认同,国家加强了中央政府文化建设的投资。在英国,不仅中央政府,地方政府也在这方面显示了极大的热情。

British local government in strengthening culture construction, to provide cultural services have many available policy measures and the system arrangement, this to the local governments in China construction and the development of the local culture, improve the level of the cultural life have some inspirations.

July 2006 to August, with the latter countries we "British local government performance evaluation" in British delegation was investigated and training. Survey and the training period, we at the British cultural facilities, culture life of a more detailed investigation, and according to the relevant material to understand and grasp the British government to strengthen the construction of local cultural policy measures and system arrangement.

In the process of constructing the harmonious society, the construction and the development of the local culture, improve the level of the cultural life is a significant and urgent task, Britain's practice provides us with many beneficial inspirations.A British regional government attaches importance to place, cultural construction, the analysis of cause. Cultural construction is the important responsibility of the central government.

In order to carry forward and develop national culture, enhance people's cultural identity and national identity, countries have stepped up the central government of the culture construction of investment. In Britain, not only the central government is so, the local government also in this aspect shows the great enthusiasm. What exactly is a force drove the British regional government so crazy about local culture construction? To sum up, basically have the following points.

1. After into industrialization era, the masses of cultural consumption demand continues to grow. Britain in the second half of the eighteenth century has launched the industrial revolution in the world, after one hundred years of rapid development, Britain had already out of the industrial age. Now, few in the UK to be able to see the factory, most manufacturing industries have transferred to less developed countrieBritish people no longer engaged in labor-intensive industries, a large increase in leisure time. These free time except for tourism, a large part was used in participated in local of cultural and artistic activities. Therefore, the basic unit government, community organizations, social groups and other close cooperation, through holding the rich and colorful cultural and artistic activities, meet community the cultural life of the growing demand.

2. Through the protection and development of local culture in strengthen cohesion, globalization is the local government, to enhance the social capital unite people is the important measure. In recent years, the culture of coherence function more and more get insight identity. The UK is a conservative tradition is the deep state, respect traditional culture, protection and development of traditional culture, is typical of the British people one of the psychological characteristics.

Local culture is an important part of national culture, only the conservation and development of local culture, citizens can deepen our understanding of the national culture understanding and love, and strengthen the national pride and regional pride. In addition, although the UK land area is not large, but area of the cultural differences between more significant, Scotland, England, wales and Northern Ireland have their own special historical tradition and culture characteristic, in respect of the common cultural tradition at the same time, each region never give up the conservation and development of local culture, through the local culture to carry forward the identity and enhance the people in region cohesion.

With the arrival of the era of globalization, cultural diversity trend is more and more obvious. If not given proper protection and development, local culture will be subject to external cultural strong impact, some even are in danger of disappearing. And the weakening of the local culture or disappear, will bring local identity and cohesion reduced. Therefore, the British regional government pay more and more attention to protection and development of local culture, and the people, to enhance the social unity as an important measure of capital.

3. The place where the government is keen on British cultural construction, also of local tourism development economic concerns. After the industrial age, service industry is the dominant industry in national economy, and tourism development is a more ideal choice. British tourism and cultural undertakings are closely linked.

Tourism income about 25 billion pounds, or 4% of GDP is strong. In addition, tourism is the 1.5 million people can provide jobs. As one of the long history of the nation, the British are attracting more and more tourists from all over the world. In order to develop the local economy, spare no effort to protect and develop all local culture, and enhance the region's cultural appeal and the tourism competitiveness. Meanwhile, place the prosperity of culture can improve local image and investment environment, bring more intangible benefits.

Two, the British government to strengthen the construction of local cultural policy measures and system arrangement. In order to protect and the development of the local culture, where British government has adopted a series of policies and measures, and also to the traditional culture of place management system and cultural services assessment and monitoring system reform. One of the great influence has the following points.

1. To increase local cultural construction investment. In England and wales, the local government into 185 million pounds a year is home to more than 900 support the local theatre, a concert hall and art center; Every year to artists, the performance of the unit and other art unit grant worth almost 45 million pounds; The library expenditures most, each year for 536.5 million pounds; The museum and art gallery for 96.7 million pounds. In England, Scotland, and wales, and the local government for art, museum and library total more than 750 million pounds, have more than the central government in the same level in the field of other spending. This shows the local government in local culture in the construction of the high enthusiasm, in the big. From the local culture of increasingly condensed the function, the service function, the economic function to see, the local government in the cultural construction of investment is necessary and is worth it.

2. Give full play to the non-governmental organizations at the grass-roots level culture construction, cultural service in the role. British grassroots culture management institution, in addition to the local government of the relevant administrative departments outside, plays a main role is England 10 local Arts council and Scotland, wales and Northern Ireland regions of the Arts council. Local arts council functions are: (1) in the unity of local government, private enterprise, artists and arts organizations cooperated with each other, improve the region's cultural art life; (2) to art project or art organizations provide economic aid, promote cultural activities and provide consulting; (3) to help local cultural organization design project, organizations exhibition and Tours, and from the whole planning of the region of the cultural and artistic development. Each local arts council has a board of directors, and have the legal person status, by providing funding organizations and art organizations composed of representatives of the. The board of directors processing daily affairs, the appointment of the few longtime employees.

3. Paying attention to explore with unique local characteristics of cultural resources, create high-quality goods of local culture. Strengthens the local culture construction must according to local historical and cultural traditions, the advantage resources, create features, makes the high-quality goods. At this point, Britain's local government can say craftsmanship is provided alone. For example, Scotland is a culture unique and the deep national, the world famous whiskey, Scotland organ, men such as plaid skirt is a vivid reflection of its unique culture. The local government in local established a very distinctive cole gold rove Art galleries and museums, inside with all sorts of Art form and material exhibition, detailed history of Scotland, reflect the culture, social life and the local conditions and customs, let a person get both Art enjoyment, and learn lots of new knowledge, old and young, men and women are willing to appreciate. The entrance impressively labeled "Scotland 's Must-see Museum", perhaps accurately reflects the Museum status and value. This museum, the local people in history have all proud achievement and feel very proud and pride of place cohesion and development potential can be imagined.

4. Paying attention to for local people to provide high quality and cultural life, the local government of the cultural service of the central government accept strict examination and supervision. The development of the local culture eventually will make the local benefit for people, to improve the people's cultural life level and quality. Therefore, the central government to the local government's cultural services make strict, specific assessment standards. Main examination content are:

(1) chance: the public common foot path and proportion of the total mileage; Public library services covered the proportion of family; On average every one thousand people enjoy the library open time; On average every one thousand people visit the library times; The library network resources condition; Every one thousand people have electronic reading room; 20 minutes can reach sports place and its facilities condition.

(2) the participation: often borrow sports facilities of the population scale; 5-16 students in 2 hours a week at least the proportion of sports; At least three times a week for half an hour or more moderate intensity sports adult population scale; At least once a week in sports and entertainment voluntary service an hour of population proportion.

(3) quality: residents for the sports entertainment facilities satisfaction; The satisfaction of library service; The museum, the satisfaction degree of the art museum; The satisfaction of the theatre, music hall; Each of the one thousand people every year book purchasing quantity; Book inventory and turnover.

(4) the benefit of investment: the average visit each time the cost. Every year, the national audit office of the local government to the cultural service and other services to conduct the performance audit, according to the audit results awarded the local government, two, three star classes, star class four-star the honorary title of the government, greatly aroused the local government's enthusiasm, initiative and creativity.

Three, the practice of Britain to our country local culture construction significance.In recent years, China's central government attaches great importance to the construction of grass-roots culture, the local government also on this made great efforts and have achieved remarkable results. But, with the people's needs, and the needs of the development of the society, compared to local culture construction still need to further strengthen and improve.

Foreign experience and their national conditions, and the combination of create the place with Chinese characteristics cultural system, is our rational choice. Britain's practice of at least we provided the following enlightenment.

Must understand clearly cultural heritage protection and development of the relationship, and unswervingly will cultural heritage protection on first position. How to deal with the relationship between the cultural relic protection and development, has been the local government of the difficult problem.

Although the local government officials have been aware of the importance of protection of cultural heritage, but, once and economic development have some degree of conflict, always economic development the upper hand, even in the name of the economic development over development of cultural heritage, the cause of the cultural heritage detection or invisible damage. In Britain, the cultural heritage protection already thorough popular feeling, the local government never to economic interests and excessive development cultural heritage.

In fact, many parts of our country is valuable cultural heritage, but to the development of the local economy, the local government is always on the form to protect, in essence excessive development, although received a short-term economic benefit, but in the long run, but to the development of national culture and place the revival of the huge loss to the cause. Therefore, we must correct the wrong tendency of the local government, in line with be responsible for the history, and to future generations of cultural memory of national culture, responsible for the responsible attitude, to protect the cultural heritage of all good and other important cultural resources.

The local and international must be combined, create the name matches the reality of international brands. Now, many local governments according to the local resources advantage, often with local characteristics for the cultural art festival, on the one hand, the rich local culture art life, on the other hand, enhance the local tourism and investment attraction. In order to expand the influence, some places have often hold international cultural and artistic activities, has obtained the certain effect. But, these international cultural art festival often only a few foreign representatives, and become a mere formality, and not to fight a truly international brand.

If the levels remain in, local culture attraction will continue to reduce, appear even wasted effort of negative effects. In Britain, by contrast, the local government effectively prevent and overcome the phenomenon. Many places with its unique idea and operation mode, create a series of influence of world famous risheng culture brand. For example, the Edinburgh international festival is now one of the world's largest art festival, it will be all over the world excellent culture art, including opera, music, ballet, dance, drama, show Scotland and all over the British people; Edinburgh international children's art festival, the aim is to in the world of professional children's artists provide a stage, it emphasizes on high quality programmes, entertainment, education and development of melting performance art as one. In the past few years, had 100 countries in the form of performance art groups in the art festival. Influencing the art festival and the international game still has a lot of. British local government can successfully held so much with international brand of cultural and artistic activities, the main experience lies in: the target positioning accuracy, high grade high specifications, financing, unique style, etc. We intend to place the cultural art international brand, must learn English local government of this experience.

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