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英国论文代写范文精选-The impact of social factors on the development of relations between fictional

2016-06-27 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51Due英国论文代写网精选assignment代写范文:“The impact of social factors on the development of relations between fictional”,这篇论文讨论了社会因素对小说人物关系发展的影响。文章分析了简·奥斯丁的小说《傲慢与偏见》里的社会等级关系,在多大程度上社会阶层因素会影响到英格兰文学?”文章里每个人物的社会背景都不同,每个人物都代表一个不同的社会地位。

This extended essay discusses the influences of social factors in early 19th centuries England on the relationship developments within the characters in the novel. The novel prevails about the social hierarchy at the time and this essay discusses how it influences the relationships within the characters from different social classes in order to answer the question: “To what extent does social class factors in 19th century Regency England impact the relationship within the characters in the novel Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen?” The essay includes introduction of social backgrounds of the chosen characters who are the major characters in the novel and each of the character or the family represents a different social status.

Characters chosen include Lady Catherine, Darcy, the Bingleys, the Bennets, the Lucases, Mr. Collins, Gardiners and Philips, and Wickham. The reason of the characters chosen is because they symbolize different social classes the relationships and interaction among the characters is discussed and analyzed along with the exploration of social factors. An answer is reached in the conclusion that the social factors in the early 19th century England initially influenced the interaction among the characters but it does not necessarily decide on the relationship that is built. Pride and Prejudice is a novel by Jane Austen about the courtship between young couples from different social classes in early 19th centuries England.

It is one piece of classics in the world of English literature and it is also one of the most famous literature works from the period. It does not only provide readers with an extremely interesting romance story but it also prevails about the culture of regency England within the novel for readers to explore. The book plots around the five daughters from the Bennets family with the mother being extremely obsessed with the daughters being well married. Most of the story centers on the two elder sisters: Elizabeth and Social-consciousness and awareness of class difference is a pressing reality in Pride and Prejudice.

This awareness tends to have a major influence on how the characters from different social levels feel toward one another. Almost all of the characters in the novel are members from the middle class to upper middle class in England including both the families with the inheritance of wealth and the families that earned their wealth through business. In the novel, the author portrays significant differences of wealth and reputation between different social classes through the demonstration of characters and those differences play a significant role in affecting the development of the courtship between Darcy and Elizabeth.

Social differences are also highlighted between the different classes. This is clearly shown in the novel through the demonstration between Darcy and Elizabeth that the wealthy and the socially inferior form prejudices against each other that blind them from each others true virtues. It is one of the specific aims that the social class structure at the time is criticized and the novel also portrays the social culture and situation of a country in the era. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen describes the relationships between characters to present the social structure of early 19th centuries England and effective dialogues are used in order to show the different characteristics as well as the interaction among the characters.

It is not only a romantic novel but more of a representative novel that shows the situation of the society at the time in England. In this essay, the decisions of major characters as well as the influence of social factors on character’s minds will also be discussed. Lady Catherine is at the top of the English social hierarchy at the time. She represents the old aristocracy whose position is insecure. In the novel, Lady Catherine is constantly acknowledged of her greatness by flatterers around her and Lady Catherine only wanting flatterers around her shows that her social status is at a downhill.

Her position as the old aristocracy is losing its vitality and if she has to depend on the admiration of flatterers like Collins then it obviously shows the decline and insecurity of her social position. To her, it is very important to maintain the class hierarchy that she wants to use the marriage of Darcy to help maintain the position.

Lady Catherine represents class snobbery, especially in her attempts to drive away Elizabeth who is in the middle-class away from her nephew Darcy. Darcy, a key character in the novel is the very wealthy master of Pemberley whose father is untitled but mother is. His position in the social hierarchy is around the same with Lady Catherine that him marrying someone from lower class is far from the expectations of his class. In the novel he also shows some poor behavior that comes from the tradition in his class. His pride and class-consciousness causes him to look down on those who are under his social level. Bingley, also as one of the wealthy families has bought his way into aristocracy. He himself is satisfied with such a position and a extremely wealthy father as well as a friend like Darcy.

What he wants is just to have a good time and does not hope or expect for anything more that he has no motivation what so ever. Miss Bingley is the snobbish sister of Mr. Bingley and as the opposite of her brother who is careless of class differences; she inordinately disdains Elizabeth for her middle-class background. But his sister is worth 20,000 herself yet she still wants her brother to buy an estate and she also wants to marry Darcy to rise to higher position of the hierarchy. Elizabeth Bennet, the center of the novel whose father Mr. Bennet is a gentleman farmer as well as a landed aristocrat who married a daughter of a local lawyer.

Although Mr. Bennet is a landed aristocrat but Mrs. Bennetʼs middle class origins and relations brings the social positions of the whole family down. It is the class position of the family and Elizabeth that caused difficulties for Elizabeth to marry a wealthy aristocrat like Darcy. The Lucases are at a comparable level of the social hierarchy with the Bennets and they are also close friends with each other.

Sir William Lucas used to be a former Mayer and businessman but he got knighted and quite his business and started living as an aristocrat even though he does not actually have a lot of money. He is absolutely satisfied with his title and similarly to Bingley, he only wants to socialize and please people and hope for nothing much. He displays his title to Catherine when he met her at the dance and offered to introduce her at St. James’ Court. However Caroline got offended by it and disliked his arrogance which was out of his expectation and here the obvious differences and gaps between different social classes and are clearly shown. Mr. Collins is at a slightly lower level than the Lucases. He is the son of Bennet’s younger brother and he symbolizes the lowest level of aristocracy.

Collins has received some formal education but he does not really have money and had to work for a living until he married one of the daughters of Bennet. By marrying one of Bennet’s daughters he inherits the estate of Bennet. Acquired some education but no money, though he will one day inherit Bennetʼs estate. His own social status isn’t too much to be proud of but he tends to be happy to let everyone know that Lady Catherine is his patroness. The Gardiners and Philips are relatives of Mrs. Bennet whose social position is below Mr. Collins that represent the middle class.

Mr. Gardiner works for his living and is in a respectable business and the Gardiners are educated and cultured Londoners. Mrs. Philips is Mrs. Bennet’s sister and she has married a lawyer’s clerk who worked for her father. And finally there goes Wickham, the son of Pemberleyʼs former steward who seems to be at the lowest position of the social hierarchy in the novel. However, by getting one of the Bennet’s daughters Lydia to fall for him and get married it enables a rise in his social position. The lines of class are strictly drawn in the 19th century Regency England. Men and women at that time must be in want of a good marriage.

Men tend to seek for women who match their background and women wish to seek for a man with a fairly wealthy background. The social environment of a man is more appreciated rather than the individual conditions, and this also seems to apply to women as well. A wealthy life was based upon a good marriage and therefore a good marriage was highly valued in the society. People treat each other in different ways depending on their social background.

Although the Bennets who are middles class may have the chances to socialize with the upper class Bingleys and Darcys, they are still their social inferiors and they are also treated as such. One of the reasons for Ms. Bingley’s inordinate disdain towards Elizabeth is because of Elizabeth’s middle class background for Ms. Bingley is class-conscious from her wealthy background. Mr. Collins is an extreme example of having such class-consciousness for he spends most of his time flattering Lady Catherine who is his upper class patron.

Not only Mr. Collins is class conscious but Mr. Darcy also shares his conception of the importance of social class. He is overly proud and counscious of his social status because of his family social background and wealth. And his class-consciousness has initially affected his courtship with Elizabeth. When he proposes to her, his first consideration lies on how unsuitable she is to match his class instead of her beauty, intelligence, charms and all the true natures she has that attracts him. And that is why it is humiliating to him when Elizabeth rejected on his proposal. However, he eventually tries to let down his pride and class-consciousness and eventually realizes his love for Elizabeth and admires her for her true natures. “Which do you mean?” and turning round, he looked for a moment at Elizabeth, till catching her eye, he withdrew his own and coldly said, “She is tolerable; but not handsome enough to tempt me; and I am in no humor at present to give consequence to young ladies who are slighted by other men. You had better return to your partner and enjoy her smiles, for you are wasting your time with me.”

This is the conversation between Darcy and Bingley at the Meryton ball in chapter 3 when Darcy first met Elizabeth. These words describe his reaction when Bingley suggested that he dance with Elizabeth. However, due to his pride and social-consciousness he sees the people there at Meryton as his social inferiors and proudly refuses to dance with someone whom he describes as “not handsome enough” for him because Elizabeth is not socially accepted as he is.

This kind of behavior of his does not only apply to Elizabeth but also the rest of the community which established him a reputation of bad manners and overly proud among the whole community. With him being socially superior, it led him to his major difficulty in admitting the love and facing the fact that he is helplessly attracted to Elizabeth as he got to see some of her virtues. The other major difficulty would be that his pride and extremely rude way of how he treats Elizabeth plants a highly negative impression of him in her mind and that impression and prejudice lingers for almost half of the novel and she would not change her thoughts of Mr. Darcy until the real character of the man that underlies eventually reveals as they interact with each other. She refused to allow Lady Catherine to get in the way of her marrying Darcy.

In the novel, Lady Catherine said to Elizabeth that “You would allow my nephew to ruin himself by marrying into your family,” Elizabeth answered that “Let me remind you that I am also the daughter of a gentleman.” However Lady Catherine does not seem to agree to that saying “Yes, but what about your mother?” The climax of the novel was when Darcy proposed to Elizabeth. However, preconceived judgments Elizabeth had towards Darcy prevented her from saying yes. In Darcy’s proposal, he focused more on Elizabeth’s lower status, thus evoking anger and hatred from her. Elizabeth pays a visit to Pemberley, which makes for a crucial step in the progress of her marriage with Darcy. The building of the house is a symbol used in this novel, as it is a representative of its owner. The narrator in the novel describes it as a “large handsome, stone building, standing well on rising ground… in front, a stream of some natural importance was swelled into greater, but without any artificial appearance. Its banks were neither formal, nor falsely adorned.”

This description of the building is a representation of Darcy himself, whereby other than being physically large and handsome, and is at a high social status just like his house is at a high physical level. Darcy’s honesty and lack of pretense was also highlighted in this section. Elizabeth becomes more and more aware of Darcy’s strengths and redeeming qualities and realized that she had previously judged him too soon. However, the affair between Lydia and Wickham is preventing Darcy from proposing again, on top of fear of being rejected again and to lose his pride and dignity once again. Throughout the progress of the novel, Elizabeth’s longing for Darcy grows stronger, and evidently, Darcy’s feelings for Elizabeth remains the same as well. Finally, Darcy has decided to overlook the low social status of Elizabeth and Lydia. It was one of the most important obstacles for Darcy to overcome. Out of the many obstacles faced by Darcy and Elizabeth, Lady Catherine was one of the last obstacles for them. Dialogue is greatly emphasized in this novel as Elizabeth’s qualities can all be seen from her dialogue. Elizabeth, though intelligent and witty, displays a lack of pretense and absolute resistance to snobbery. After Elizabeth’s initial prejudice towards Darcy, it went through a major change during the climax in the novel whereby Darcy proposed to Elizabeth but was then rejected.

However, Elizabeth and Darcy were able to work out their differences and their difference in social status through time and mutual understanding. This novel shows how romance is able to win over all obstacles, no matter how great and difficult they may seem to be. Despite their families, wealth, social conditionings and initial misunderstandings, they were still able to overcome everything and to be together. This highlights the theme of the novel of how society can affect the lives of people, especially women during that time period. Mr. Collins displayed an extremely arrogant and was shown to be an annoying character in the novel. It proves unjust for Mr. Bennet to have to leave his property to Mr. Collins instead of his own daughters and this heightens the hatred for Mr. Collins. Mr. Collins becomes increasingly unlike with the progression of the plot. Class is displayed none of them, including Mr Bennet, could be able to publicly ridicule Mr Collins due to his absurdity. This section of the novel also places attention to Mrs. Phillip’s house, which is of lower status than that of Mrs. Bennet’s. As a Meryton attorney, Mrs. Phillips is of a lower class status than the Darcys and Bingleys. Mr. Collins’ overconfidence and absurdity places him in awkward positions in this section of the novel. He could not detect Darcy’s disdain in the reply to his introduction.

Though rejection was on the plate for him, his absolute self-righteousness and refusal to take no as an answer was what always got him what he wanted. Mr. Collin’s proposal to Charlotte Lucas was surprisingly successful, and brought upon a comical effect to the novel due to the ridiculousness of the situation. This section of the novel also focuses on Jane Austen’s critique on male-dominated societies whereby unmarried women were left out of the society. Mrs. Gardiner expresses her observation about Wickham. Wickham has been proved to be an unsuitable mate to Elizabeth similar to Elizabeth’s incompatibility with Darcy.

Though Elizabeth recognizes the irony of the situation, she had her mind set on breaking the illogical and unromantic social structures on marriage. They were relieved of this worry as soon as Wickham falls for Miss King, who had suddenly become wealthy. The practicality of people then was portrayed as Wickham has decided to go for wealth instead of his feelings for someone. Though Elizabeth has forgiven Wickham’s choice of going for Ms. King’s wealth instead of following his heart. The establishment of the character foreshadows Wickham’s attempted elope with Darcy’s sister for her money which is also due to social-consciousness. Darcy’s letter was able to create a ceasefire between Elizabeth and him.

Though the rejection of the proposal left Darcy furious and with a loss of his pride and dignity, the letter allows Elizabeth to correct herself on how she misjudged both Darcy and Wickham. Darcy’s letter may seem to be unrealistic, but the function of the letter is to introduce Darcy while allowing readers to sympathize for him. After Elizabeth read the letter, it allowed time for both Elizabeth and Darcy space and time to think and reflect on their actions. Lydia’s romance with Wickham acts as a contrast to Elizabeth’s maturity and Darcy’s chivalry. Through her romance with Wickham, she insists that he was no longer interested in Miss King and said that she “will answer for it that he never cared three straws for her.” Mr. Bennet’s oblivion to Lydia’s romance with Wickham shows the detachment he has from family life and also how much social wealth has affected him when he interacts with other people. Miss Bingley, who dislikes and looks down on anyone that is below her social class or whoever is not as socially accepted as she is and her social consciousness is increasingly evident throughout the novel. And Wickham, similarly to Mr. Collins is one other character who is class conscious in the way that he will do anything possible he can to get enough money to be wealthy and therefore raise himself into higher social classes.

As mentioned earlier, Mr. Collins’s character and his views towards social classes are the most extreme and obvious example in the novel. That the social background is regarded more when the characters interact with each other instead of the more worthy virtues that tend to be disregarded and unappreciated. Through the Darcy-Elizabeth and Bingley-Jane marriages, although social class and consciousness had impacted the courtship between Darcy and Elizabeth when they had limited knowledge of each other, the author shows that the class boundaries and prejudices and be overcome by the power of love and the true virtues of one-self.

In conclusion, Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen examines the love and marriages between characters from different social background. The impacts of social structure in 18th and 19th centuries on people’s relationships, lives and views are analyzed over the research question: “To what extent does social class factors in 19th century Regency England impact the relationship within the characters in the novel Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen?” During the investigation of the relationships with the characters, the importance of marriage in the 18th and 19th centuries England was taken into consideration as it is significantly related to the class structure and it also emphasized the social factors in the novel.

Some assumptions were made in order to bring in a dimensional view when exploring the social factors that significantly affected on the formation of the relationships among the characters. The social differences and boundaries initially influence the relationships among the characters through the demonstration of the marriages of Mr. Collins-Charlotte and Wickham-Lydia which depended on the wealth and social environment of the partner. However, the author also shows that although social elements might have significantly impacts on the relationships among the characters, the class boundaries and prejudices and be overcome by the power of love and the true virtues of one-self through the demonstration of the marriages between Darcy-Elizabeth and Bingley-Jane.

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