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留学生课程论文:动态宗教观的局限性和对人生的意义:Bergson dynamic religious view of life philosophical significance and its l--英国论文代写范文精选

2015-11-17 | 来源:51Due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

留学生课程论文:动态宗教观的局限性和对人生的意义:Bergson dynamic religious view of life philosophical significance 

introduction引言

柏格森被誉为生命哲学的代表人物,显然诺贝尔文学奖的光环不足以覆盖其生命哲学的成就。他用试一般的语言为我们描述了一幅生动的生命进化图画。柏格森因《创造进化论》而名声大噪,在该著作中他提出了自己的以“生命冲动”为推动力的生命进化理论。然而到了晚年,柏格森的兴趣似乎转移到了社会科学领域,这一点在其晚期著作《道德与宗教的两个来源》一书中似乎略有体现。此时,我们不禁要问:这两部作品之间有什么关联吗?难道柏格森后期放弃了对生命科学的研究?我们的答案是柏格森从未抛弃过他的“生命冲动”,《道德与宗教的两个来源》是其一生思想的结晶,也是其生命哲学思想的凝结与延续。
Bergson's philosophy of life known as the representative , the Nobel Prize for Literature aura clearly insufficient to cover the achievements of his life philosophy. He tried the general language we describe a vivid picture of the evolution of life . Bergson for " Creative Evolution " fame , in the book he presented himself to the "life impulse" theory -driven evolution of life . However, late in life , Bergson's interest seems to be transferred to the social sciences , that their late works , " two sources of morality and religion ," a book seems to be reflected in slightly . At this point , we must ask : What is the relationship between these two works do ? Is Bergson gave up late for life science research ? Our answer is that Bergson had never abandoned his " life impulse" , " two sources of morality and religion " is a crystallization of his life thinking , but also their philosophy of life and the continuation of condensation , described in this paper Berg Sen's dynamic religious views refining and Bergson book " two sources of morality and religion ," part of the discourse of religion, I believe that Bergson's thought and philosophy of religion are an important component of the life sciences , both the interface between the theoretical existence , and religious ideas Bergson also embodies his philosophy of life , we can say that Bergson 's dynamic religious thought was a profound philosophical meaning of life .

第一方面,柏格森的动态宗教思想是其生命哲学的理论延续。柏格森在其著作《创造进化论》中提出了“生命冲动”,生命冲动冲破物质阻碍,推动生命进化,从而产生出两条进化路线,一条进化路线是低于理智的路线,在其末端出现的是具有本能的膜翅类昆虫,如蜜蜂、蚂蚁;另一条进化路线是高于理智的路线,在其末端出现的是具有理智的人。
First, Bergson 's theory of dynamic religious thought is a continuation of the philosophy of life . Bergson put forward in his book " Creative Evolution " in the " impulse of life " , the life impulse to break the material obstacles, promote the evolution of life , resulting in the evolution of the two routes, one evolutionary line is less than sensible route in its end the Hymenoptera insects have instincts , such as bees , ants ; another evolutionary line is higher than the sensible route, appears at its end is a sensible person . But the evolution of life is a process of becoming perfect , and human reason in the process of exposing the flaws in evolution ( ie, rational selfishness of people , people fear death , people are worried about the future ) to human development constitutes the threat. Faced with these threats, how can human beings to overcome them , thereby re-embark on the evolution of life in the world? At this time, Bergson noted human society can only save religious , so Bergson with his dynamic theory of religion to save the beleaguered humans, he used the boat carrying the human dynamic re- entering the religious life of the evolution of his ilk . So we say that Bergson's philosophy of life and their religion is dynamic has important theoretical undertake relationship , it can be said that Bergson's dynamic religious thought is its philosophy of life , especially the life impulse theoretical ideas continuity. Bergson dynamic religious view of life made ​​to improve its system of philosophy , which is the dynamic of religious thought in Bergson 's philosophy of life inherent in the meaning of hand expression.(51Due责任编辑:cari)


第二方面,在柏格森动态宗教思想中,他对静态宗教向动态宗教的进化的论述,充分体现了柏格森生命哲学额绵延进化思想。柏格森把宗教二分,一种为静态宗教,它产生于社会的本能需要,目的在于维持社会的稳定与发展;另一种为动态宗教,它基于某种神秘之爱而生,是人性所追寻的崇高境界。
Secondly, the dynamics of religious thought in Bergson , he discusses the evolution of the static to a dynamic religion religion , and fully reflects the amount of Bergson's philosophy of life stretches evolutionary thought. Bergson religion dichotomy , a static religion , it is produced in the instinctive needs of the community , the purpose is to maintain stability and social development ; another dynamic religion , which is based on some kind of mystical love and life, the human nature pursue the lofty realm . Although there are differences on the nature of the two, but not unrelated . Bergson considered static and dynamic religion is religion religious development in two phases , static religion is the initial stage of religious development , dynamic religion is the advanced stage of religious development in the early stages of the development of life as a static religious impulse has been stretching the , trying to break through physical barriers toward religion in this advanced stage of the dynamic evolution of the sport . The continued evolution from static to dynamic religion which religion , sublimation are also reflects a philosophy of life that stretches Bergson evolutionary thought.
 
Thirdly, the guide mankind from a static to a dynamic religion religious minorities into prominent mystics who also fully reflects the philosophy of life and the evolution of life "life impulse" thinking . Bergson in " two sources of morality and religion ," a book that a necessary condition for human religion from static into dynamic religion is to change human nature, that is, if you want to enter into the dynamics of human lofty realm of religion must be to change human nature sublime " divinity ", and the mysterious figure this shift is the mysterious guiding role by a few outstanding figures , these contacts through its noble act to arouse people's humanity, so that everyone follow them accessible dynamic lofty realm of religion . These outstanding mystery man can break hinder substances , has always maintained the upward trend of evolution . The reason they are cynical forward, because they who have a mysterious power, which is the life impulse , and this is the reason why these luminaries mysterious reasons. It is because of these outstanding figures who have life- impulse of this driving force , they only reflects the "life impulse" spirit of courage . These outstanding figures also deduce the rising philosophy of life , the true meaning of evolution.
 
Fourth , the idea of ​​God stretches Bergson also contains profound philosophical meaning of life . Bergson abandoned the "Bible" "God creates everything from nothing " point of view , it is pointed out that the coexistence of God and absolute nothingness itself is a contradiction. He criticized the traditional God puts forward his idea of ​​God stretches . Bergson believes that God is at the center of the world, it is like a huge fire beam ejected as everything in the world , this process is continued with the Bergson this stretches out his God can be equated to the life impulse. This " impulse of God" break through all obstacles, stretching into the creation of the world in all things , we can even call it life impulse spokesman. While the mystery of God 's love that is issued by a person , but also the human love of the recipient . So we say that God is the life impulse Bergson incarnation , it is a stretch of God , the development of its own evolution is a rolling process, and in turn create the world of all things in Duration .(51Due责任编辑:cari)

 
Bergson 's dynamic religious thought contains profound philosophical meaning of life , or we can turn to say that Bergson's philosophy of life deeply influenced his religious ideas . The first two aspects we mentioned above is his philosophy of life and the use of macro reflected in their religious thought , the latter two aspects of microscopic life philosophy is embodied in religion , of course, we are talking about here is a relative macro and micro purposes . From this we can draw a conclusion , dynamic religious life and its philosophy of Bergson 's ideas are inextricably linked , dynamic religious thought is a continuation of their life philosophy , but also the philosophy and practice of life applications in the social sphere .

Main Body正文

In the above chapters , our team Bergson religious dichotomy theory of static and dynamic religion religion were carried out in detail , both for their own situation , we can briefly be summarized as the following few words , that religion still valid range is limited, it is limited to a limited , specific social groups , static religion has closed , exclusive and resting ; while the dynamic religion built on the basis of the mystery of love , it 's effective range is all human beings , but by mysterious love sustained creativity generated can break through all obstacles, dynamic religion is open, inclusive and dynamic. From these words , we can directly see the difference between these two , and this difference is also in nature. The difference is transient, minor , it is important to explore the link between the two.

Life Philosophy significance of dynamic religious views动态宗教观的生命哲学意义

Bergson that if you want to figure out the nature of religion, to understand the context of the development of human history , we must transition from external to internal dynamics of static religion religion . The static nature of religion designed , aimed to dangerous defect of reason against humanity , this religion is against reason. Static religion appeared in a stage of human evolution of life , when the negative effects for the human intellect to make contributions to the human population threatens the safety of society, human society out of necessity instinct , producing a myth manufacturing capabilities , thereby creating a meet this particular stage of religion - static religion. However, progressive society , everything is in progress, the human form of religion is also growing with the evolution , the evolution of life and his ilk when the flow to a " watershed " will come into contact with humans the highest form of religion - a dynamic religion. Dynamic religion is above reason , of course, the human form of religion from a static to a dynamic religion is to go through a slow process , but this process is continuous and progressive , and is perfected , we can describe it as a stretch process. Evolved from a static to a dynamic religious development depends on the amount of accumulated not only religious , but also by changing the humanity. The changing role of humanity depends on the guidance of the great mystics largely . For the whole of humanity into Bergson pointed to the dynamic realm of religion is a very difficult task, because humans to overcome this huge obstacle material life. People with instincts like animals in need of basic material security to survive , food and clothing problem is solved only after humans will have the energy and ability to pursue higher level. Therefore, only when life evolved to a higher stage , people are highly developed material civilization , human beings in a few outstanding figures , led by their humanity into divinity and, thus, achieve the religion evolved from static to dynamic religion.(51Due责任编辑:cari)

 
In Bergson seems static and dynamic religion religion are two forms of religion, religious static continuous evolution towards a dynamic religion , gradually static religion and its functions will melt in a dynamic religion , thus completing the two -in-one , and this also marks the dynamic unity of religious maturity, thus a perfect demonstration of the life impulse.

Bergson said that as a representative of the philosophy of life , their life philosophy brilliant achievements have been recorded in history , and its dynamic value of religious thought we affirm . But as he described the evolution of life , like everything is in constant evolution to create , we can say that the evolution of a species or things in the course of becoming perfect , but it can not easily define the species or things to be perfect the . Perfection is our ideal state , but also our goal. Therefore , when we deal with dynamic religious thought Bergson should adopt this attitude that we should objectively evaluate Bergson's view of religion to thinking . When we saw the flash of the Department of its religious thought , we should also see the lack of it . So, let us explore the limitations of religious thought Bergson dynamic place.

Limitations of Bergson's dynamic view of religion动态宗教观的局限性
First, from Bergson 's book "Two sources of morality and religion ," we can see that he is made ​​of the dynamic theory of religion on the basis of ideological critique of the human intellect . Bergson pointed out that because of defects resulting in the evolution of human intellect career threatened , while natural To counteract this threat has designed a religion, but religion is the origin of life on the needs of the social instincts . Because of human existence in the form of sensible over the tender this form , and we now have to apply the product to resist the instinct of reason in the form of higher than its defects , which inevitably some demeaning human intellect is suspect. So I believe that Bergson slightly inappropriate when dealing with the relationship between religion and human reason.
 
Secondly , Bergson religion is divided into static and dynamic religion religion , noting the difference in the nature does exist between the two . And For Bergson criticizes this view , he thinks we can and can not strictly distinguish between static and dynamic religion religion , because we will find in each of these two aspects of religious devotion in the form . Both nature and there is no distinction between the religious people they can be seen as different stages of human spiritual development , are interdependent relationship between them. Of course, this is just Lu Waxi to personal opinion, but the opinion exist merit. I believe that , in order to clear narrative theory we can put religion into static and dynamic religion religion , but we can not distinguish the difference in the nature of both ; according to Bergson our evolutionary theory, everything is at in stretches evolution, but also in religious static to a dynamic and constantly evolving religion , religion has also been integrated into the static dynamic religion , hence we can not say that the difference between the static nature of the religion and dynamic religion. Bergson that Christianity and perfectly reflects the dynamic characteristics of religion , I believe that the Christian religion in the form of long-term development through , but show a lot of maturity of the Department, but in perfect condition from Bergson depicted dynamic religion there is a great distance, of course , the reason why there is such a reference Bergson , which accounted for a large individual tendencies reasons .(51Due责任编辑:cari)

 
Again, Bergson 's dynamic religious outlook slightly mysterious . In Bergson For dynamic description of religious thought , when the identity of the lead humanity transition from static to dynamic religious minority religious luminaries and character portrayal , given these tasks with magical powers , and those of us in the outstanding figures who can not find the defect , which cast a veil of secrecy for these characters .

God and nothingness上帝与虚无
Bergson believes God and nothingness is the opposite , that in fact deny the Bible speaks of "God created the world from nothing ," this assertion. For the majority of people believe in religion , God created from nothing in the world to give birth to all things , showing God omnipotent super powers . But for Bergson , this argument does not add to the glory of God , but rather a threat to God's own existence . Because, according to the "Bible" myths and legends , there are contradictory to each other when the two "existence" , one is God , the other is absolute nothingness , but in fact these two "existence" of the existence of the world. If God exists , it is absolutely nothing can not exist , because it has some kind of "God" exists, it can not be called an absolute nothingness , and infer that God's primary role will be canceled , and that is God's primary position is absolute nothingness possession, such inference necessarily digestion divine glory of God , or that God shake shake strong position . And absolutely nothing in the logical sense is bound to be a deadly threat. "We are forced to God and nothingness together, but our wishful thinking, in order to prove who want a great man of God , it is precisely in the murder of God ." ( Quote from " differences between stretches - Bergsonism its Contemporary Fate "on page 375 ) Bergson said that if God wanted to secure his position , it must do one thing that is absolutely opposed to nothingness . That is, if we insist on belief in God is omnipotent , we must not think that God creates everything from nothing .
 
Eventually, Bergson pointed to stretch the form of God, and is opposed to the existence of absolute nothingness . We can give God the next Bergson simple definition , that is life in God 's eyes Bergson impulse .

Here we Bergson's view of God is called " rolling " view of God , not the original author , Wang Li-ping 's book " difference between stretches - Bergson's philosophy and its contemporary fate ", he put Bergson God is defined as " stretch " God, I very much agree with the definition of the law. Because if according to this article title is concerned, we should put God Bergson defined as " a dynamic of God ," but this definition a bit stiff , but also with "God" has a mysterious personality that does not match , so I decided to learn Dr. Wang Liping definition method, using another Bergson's dynamic concept with rich meaning of " stretching " as the title of this section .(51Due责任编辑:cari)

 
Bergson in " two sources of morality and religion ," in referring to God , setting himself asked , "Is there an other beings have the same reality , but our experience can not contact ' special presence ' it? " ( quote from" Rereading Bergson "on page 201 ) Bergson believes the existence of such a breach of the absurd logic of things , it is the " God " , Bergson 's dynamic religion in God and static stretches of religion different traditions in God . Bergson describes, traditional God often been considered covered with a thick layer of mystery , and become a magical being, it is omnipotent , has all the power to create , so it can create absolute nothingness the world of all things . This concept of God is discarded Bergson , he believes this God " is a mathematical , logical , physical concept of God ." ( Quoted from " differences between stretches - Bergson's philosophy and its contemporary fate ." page 707 ) he put this God figuratively as narcotic opium human soul , which is the soul of people addicted to opium human brain own fictional product. Finally, in the traditional view of God based on the criticism , philosophy of life from the perspective of Bergson , precisely, is the life impulse as a starting point , the traditional view of God conducted a thorough transformation.
 
Bergson with his poetic language to describe his God, he believes that God is at the center of the universe, while the world like a bunch of huge flame ejected from the heart , in the heart of God is not an object, but a species ejection continuously continuity . Therefore, in Bergson 's eyes, God is not easy, but in the creation of uninterrupted evolution, but God also has Bergson reality , it and its creatures I coexistence . We borrowed the concept stretches Bergson God can give this a positioning accuracy , in a nutshell , we can say that God is Bergson stretches . Bergson's God is a living God , the God of religion is dynamic . Thus , according to Bergson 's theory , the dynamic of God's religion is not the religion of God as static as beyond all , he lives with us ordinary people in the world, and we can even say that it is the " impulse of life ." Bergson 's God is a creative evolution of God. Although this God Bergson description somewhat mysterious and lofty , but it is out of reach . Bergson suggests that great mystic who can communicate with God on a spiritual level , of course, the premise is that they recognize the existence of a " Supreme Being ." These great mystic who believed that one day they would meet with God. God loves humanity , but also the object of human love of God , God who stretches reflect this dual love is the true religion of dynamic content .
 
Bergson stretches above the ground is the idea of ​​God , a melting point of its theoretical philosophy of life among . Discussion after the completion of the existence of God , we have to continue to explore how God created all things , which is to explore the relationship between God and nothingness .(51Due责任编辑:cari)

Bergson pointed out that the religious life of mankind static religion , there should be another religion - a dynamic religion. This is a static religion there are significant different religions . It is not a static religion as a social or confined to a particular group, it will not succumb to the demands of real life, its form is not fixed ; its value orientation of the whole human race , and religion will eventually dynamic to the mysterious world . Although dynamic religion religions have personified as a static feature , but in the more dynamic religious body is showing an infinite creative power .
 
Bergson believes religion has a certain mystique dynamic , precise that it is a mysterious life experience , perception or experience. People living in this mysterious realm , and their hearts can be removed from the secular society , to enter into another mysterious realm , this field is jurisdiction "God" , the people's hearts and "God" to share a room , that people reach a unified heart with God. Of course , Bergson also pointed out that "pure mysticism " is difficult to achieve , and this mental state is relatively rare ; in this dynamic Bergson believes this mysterious realm is the realm of religion associated with the life impulse , that dynamic is a perfect expression of religious life impulses . If so, then the question arises that who has the ability to reach this mystical state, in order to achieve dynamic religious faith? Bergson for us to propose a solution. He believed that only a secular society in order to reach the great figures of advanced dynamic realm of religious mysticism , but this was no ordinary person can achieve. Because of these great figures of its advanced intelligence and talent is far more than a hundred times or a thousand times the ordinary . But Bergson also stressed lives of ordinary people in a secular society is not without opportunity areas accessible to the mysterious realm of dynamic religion , they advanced people under the leadership of self-cultivation is also possible to achieve the unity of the mysterious realm of the mind . Static and dynamic religion and religion , and people of religious faith still living in a closed society, they are subject to social systems , religious taboos constraints, these rules or taboos that people should or must comply ; whereas the population dynamics of religious beliefs to live in the open society, they are affected by the opening of moral and noble sentiments great luminaries . Therefore, we can say that the religious beliefs of the congregation is still constrained by religious prohibitions , and its scope of activities is limited , they accept that the "God" of constraints, and dynamic religious faith congregation is affected by the outstanding figures of they accept that the "God" of love, they are free. Faith groups mentioned , we have to mention the object of religious belief and worship was "God ." For this topic, Bergson considered static polytheistic religion is a natural , and dynamic religion is only one God , that God is able to give to mankind the highest revelation of God, is God. The only dynamic religion of God - God in fact human beings, the love bestowed by human , humans also advanced , led by figures bathed in holy love also his love toward God , their hearts with God eventually reach the same level. Dynamic religion is the highest state of human religion , but also the highest form of religious development .(51Due责任编辑:cari)

 
This is a dynamic religion, a full open, dynamic and mystery religions , it is the perfect embodiment of the impulse of life , but also the life of a high impulse in human society continuity.
Bergson's religious thought , and even its philosophy , many people have criticized as a doctrine of mysticism , of course, we recognize Bergson 's philosophy of life "life impulse" has a little mystery in a way that as part of its the perfect embodiment of the dynamic form of religion becomes more mysterious. Bergson's dynamic religious ideology aside aside, on our own , we believe that every religion has a mystery. Bergson 's dynamic religious thought and the introduction of its life philosophy, religious ideas which make it more complex, and the consequences caused by the complexity of the confusion is that people eventually form a sense of mystery in people's brains . For Bergson's critique has mysterious religious thought of us in the third chapter to discuss where we look Bergson 's analysis of religious mysticism .
 
In Bergson 's view, " real or purely religious mysticism mysticism should have love, action to create these three elements ." ( Quoted from " Rereading Bergson " on page 199 ) Therefore, in Bergson eyes can only meet this standard of Christian mysticism , and Eastern mysticism and mysticism of India do not belong to the ranks of Greece . Bergson explains in detail the reasons for his thesis in his book " Two Sources of Morality and Religion " in the . Bergson believes the majority of Greek mysticism mysticism is not a mystery . The mystery resides religion among religions originated in the fictional mythology gods praise , but do not go beyond the scope of this mystery static religion. So Bergson clear that this is not a purely mystical mysticism , the idea was received this mysterious influence of Greek philosophy , but did not get rid of intellectualism , mysticism also said Greece is a unified and universal rationality , not unity of thought and action , not to mention God , life impulse close contact . For East Indian mysticism Bergson also been criticized. Bergson believes Shina Eastern religion, Buddhism, Brahmanism memories are thrown at the level of static religion. Buddhism as an example he said. Buddhists believe that life is a painful process , people should remove all desire , not as ; so as to achieve a beyond earthly , beyond the realm of happiness and pain , resulting in relief. Bergson pointed out that this also failed to reach a purely religious mystical realm, it has not been exposed to the "life " level of God ; and genuine mysticism emphasis is action, not inaction . So, how can we achieve pure mysticism it? Bergson humanities, in order to achieve genuine mysticism must have certain physical conditions , and conditions of this substance should be provided by industrial civilization , one only when people are no longer rushing to survive , they will follow advanced people seeking lofty spiritual realm . Like the Greek and Oriental mysticism mysticism of India due to the constraints of material conditions , or intellectualism obstacles , both have reached the pure mysticism conditions. To achieve pure mysticism is the need to go through a long process of preparation and brewing process. So, our world existing religions, the existence of such religious mysticism it? Bergson gives us the answer is yes. He believes that Christian mysticism reached the realm of pure mysticism , religious mysticism of Christianity and this is by Christian mystics to achieve these is the great mystics advanced people we mentioned earlier . Although the state of our social life and social life of the state of the ancient mystics have similarities in many ways , but it seems Bergson , Christian mystics have been far above this state of life, they have an advanced, outstanding action capability that makes them smash all barriers along a progressive direction , and ultimately to a transcendent realm of secular mystery . These mystics like St. Paul (St.Paul), St. Francis (St.Francis). Of course , Bergson also recognize those mystics who also has some disadvantages like ordinary people , but he thinks this is mystic mystical realm of high pursuit due.(51Due责任编辑:cari)


conclusion结论
Bergson considered a leading figure in modern or great mystics who , their thoughts and actions are unified. These mystics continued to put their ideas into action among them is not as static as the religious people in the church preaching the sermon , exhorted secular parties , but rather focus on religious practice , through their own action to influence secular human, so that they emulate the line . These great mystic mysterious reason , because in them we see the evolution of a mysterious force - life impulse. It is because of the great mystics have such courage impetus , they were able to rule out the obstacles impeding its progress and move forward . These mystics who embodied the matter with my natural unity , so that the mystery is not love them in a personal love for God or God , but God or God 's love for mankind , which kind of love beyond our instinctive love of family , country , and it is the driving force behind the creation of action and , under the guidance of God, and this love constantly engaged in the creation, this love is reflected impulse of life , a few of the advanced character the spread of such impulses in human life , in order to guide the entire field of human Mastery God or God.
 
Here we can simply summarize Bergson 's understanding of religious mysticism , Bergson think people respect the religious beliefs of that dynamic is the pursuit of a mystical realm , in order to reach the realm of dynamic religious mysticism must be few outstanding , with the life of this mysterious force impulse mystic guide , they use God 's love for mankind to God to guide mankind to God domains accessible , but when people reach God or God's land, there will be questions about God or the presence of God in the end is how it ? Who he is ? Some people may think , now ask God or God who is somewhat absurd, because if people do not know God or who God is , and how they would go to faith? But often the reality is always the contrary, some people in the faith or the pursuit of their goals tend to be vague, but the result is always wait until they are very close to the target or destination , they will suddenly realize that the ask yourself the exact target, and faith in the people , too, only when they are close to God, they will be seriously questioning the things of God . For this problem, Bergson also made answer , then we look for God's description of Bergson .
 
In addition, Bergson in the lofty realm of religion - a dynamic religion described , the use of some abstract concept , making people appear in front of a dynamic religion has become a fictional wonderland. So dynamic religion for the people , is not a goal, made ​​to stand for the mysterious " City of God ."
 
It goes without saying , the world is concerned , there is no universal theory of perfect world , every doctrine will have some limitations. Bergson 's dynamic religious thought has its limitations , it is inevitable , of course , we have done the work of these criticisms are also standing on the shoulders of giants completed .(51Due责任编辑:cari)

 
For static text in front of our religion has been involved in a lot, but only a static religion generalization or just a part of the static content on religion were discussed. Next, we will discuss the analysis of static religious system . ( In fact, we called on a lot of static religious sense refers to a primitive religion )
First, we can determine that arise from primitive religious needs of the community , more precisely, from the needs of social instincts . At this point we have no choice but to repeat the human intellect is the problem that this article mentioned several times . In the biological world driven by the impulse of life evolving with, and thus there have been two evolutionary lines , one is instinctive form of the animal kingdom , and the other is based on the form of the human intellect . The human intellect for human nature to break in the process of expanding the soil made ​​outstanding contributions in the same process but the human intellect has also exposed its weaknesses and shortcomings , we have put these defects are summarized in three points in front : the reason people selfish, fear of death , anxiety in the future. Faced with this grim may hinder the evolution of the situation in the cause of life , human evolution "residual " instinct issued a call for it to it 's fiction, fantasy ability to create a religious myth, but also of all faiths in the form of primitive looking the spiritual consolation , so religion was born. This is a brief description of the primitive religion produced . In the course of human history in religion plays an important role , and in some specific period of time , such as the Middle Ages, became the dominant religion in secular society mainstream values ​​. According to Bergson 's view, the reason he put religion into static and dynamic religion religion and the religion is defined as the initial stage of static religious development , because Bergson think even played live in a civilized society , static religion the role is almost identical to the original religion. Static religious Bergson defined in the " static" means that although early forms of religion , refers to a closed, fixed state, but his deep meaning not only refers only kind of religion, faith and faith groups form a stationary state , but refers to fixed religious functions . In other words , Bergson define static religion is religion in its fixed -based functions unchanged . As can be seen in Bergson 's " two sources of morality and religion ", the primitive society from primitive to civilized society primitive religion in our lives , functions static religion is basically unchanged . That still has two basic functions of religion is almost constant , one religion through religious taboos and religious prohibitions to dispel people's selfish idea that religion creates all sorts of terrible gods , through the " taboo" to maintain social cohesion and stability ; the second is religion for human fear of death confrontation functions , due to human rational analysis , reasoning and other functions resulting in human brain death formed a clear concept , they know they must die , and doomed , eventually forming of death fear , and religion is to design these mythical immortality of the soul , the afterlife , etc. to digestion people 's fear of death . As we mentioned the role of religious boycott in the first section concerns for humans "uncertainty between actions and results ," frustration arising in a civilized society has been gradually fading. With the advancement of science and technology because of a civilized society , people for the " results" and greater control , so people gradually reduce this concern . But in any case , the first two functions of religion is an integral part of maintaining human society .(51Due责任编辑:cari)

 
In short, because the static religious instinct needs arising in society , work is the most basic , most fundamental , and is basically unchanged , so Bergson put this to meet the basic needs of members of social groups defined as the primary religion . " static religion . "
 
Bergson believes in the need of society to produce static religious instinct , which is a group of external form and adapt to social life , it plays on the role of reason against defects , its ultimate aim is to increase cohesion between people , which is the unity of the Department of Social development . Thus, in a large extent still is a personal religion emphasizes social customs, religious obedience and compliance with the ban , emphasizing above all the interest groups , focusing on the maintenance of social order . But from another perspective, a static religion often reject change and development ; so defective that it 's a static religion resting , fixed invariance, closed and exclusive .
 
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