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Shakespeares Twelfth Night----英国论文代写范文精选

2015-09-16 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

51due英国论文代写网精选代写范文:“Shakespeares Twelfth Night”。《第十二夜》是莎士比亚早期喜剧创作的终结。这部作品以抒情的笔调,浪漫喜剧的形式,再次讴歌了人文主义对爱情和友谊的美好理想,表现了生活之美、爱情之美。但真实的爱情真如小说里这般美好吗?本篇论文旨在研究小说中爱情的表象与真实,表达莎翁试图引导大家看到一个非真实却美好的爱情故事。

A reoccurring theme in William Shakespeare's plays is the idea that "things are not always what they seem." In the play, "Twelfth Night or What You Will", the use of disguise causes deception and misunderstanding which sometimes leads to love where it is not meant to be. Trickery also leads the characters into inescapable traps, which causes chaos with their emotion, and only physical attraction and not true love lead some characters into falsely believing they were in love. Some characters also are the complete opposite of what they appear to be, or who they think they are.

In the play, it is apparent that Viola is the center of confusion. It first begun when she physically disguised herself as a man to help achieve her goal of entering into the service of Duke Orsino. Because Viola "all is semblative a woman's part" , she gained the trust of Orsino, which commenced Viola to begin falling in love with him, and then Orsino decided to send Viola to woo Olivia for him, and that was when Olivia first fell in love with Cesario. Obviously, Olivia would not actually be able to be in love with Viola, and that caused more problems further along in the play. As Viola’s love for Orsino grew, she found herself wishing for reality but was so trapped in her lies that she could not turn back. She expressed her tension when she said, “O time, thou must untangle this, not I. / It is too hard a knot for me t’ untie.” Most of the characters were tricked into believing many false things. For one, Malvolio was tricked into believing that Olivia had written him a letter confessing her love to him, when in fact it was Maria who had forged the letter, hoping that Malvolio would fall for the prank . He also believed that he was superior to those around him, which lead to him abusing his power of authority.

Sir Andrew was tricked many times by Sir Toby; he was tricked into being Sir Toby's friend when Sir Toby only used him for his wealth and called him a coward behind his back.He was also manipulated by Sir Toby into trying to woo Olivia, when he doubted his own ability from the beginning. He was encouraged into fighting Viola to try to win over Olivia's love, since he was convinced that she would never love him, and was about to leave Lady Olivia's estate. Sir Andrew also thought of himself as a courtly gentleman, when he truly was only a clumsy, simpleminded push-over. Viola is the only character in the play who is not in fact themselves. The irony to that is she is the only one who is the most honest. She's in love with the man who let her into his court, and she feels bad for Olivia being in love with her, and also understands that Orsino, Olivia and Viola/Cesario are in a love triangle that she is helpless to resolve. Other characters in the play aren’t as truthful to themselves.

Duke Orsino believes that he is in love with Olivia, when he really knows nothing about her. The idea more is that Orsino is in love with love, or the idea of love more than actually loving someone. Olivia believes that she is in love with Cesario, and then mistakes Sebastian as him, which suggests that Olivia is not actually in love with Cesario, considering she mistook someone else as the love of her life. Malvolio also had no evidence that the love letter he received was from Olivia herself; all that the letter said about their identity was the name "The Fortunate-Unhappy", and the hand writing looked like that of Olivia's. The character that is the most deceived is Feste, the Fool. Throughout the play, it's clear that he is one of the most intelligent and observant of all the characters, the other being Viola. He plays with words in a way that less intelligent people wouldn't understand what the underlying message was. His language consisted of many jokes and sayings that would make it difficult to interpret what he actually meant.

For example, in Act 3 scene 1, when Viola asks if Feste lives by playing his tabor, and he replies by saying that he lives by the church. He uses the different meaning of living by somewhere instead of living by doing something. Viola then continues to speak with him and ask him if he is a clergyman, to which Feste replies, “No such matter, sir. I do live by the church, for I do live at my house, and my house doth stand by the church.” At this point, Feste is being more of a “smart aleck”, and saying that he lives by the church because he lives in a house that is near a church. Viola, also being one of the more intelligent characters in the play, decides to play along with Feste’s wittiness and proposes that “thou mayst say the king lies by a beggar if a beggar dwell near him, or the church stands by thy tabor if they tabor stand by the church.”

In sum, it seems as though William Shakespeare wanted his audiences to consider the true nature of reality when a multitude of appearances can have an effect on our perception of it. By presenting the issue of appearances versus reality in so many different aspects, such as cross-dressing, trickery, mistaken identity, and obscure love pairings, the reader is made to understand that appearances can sometimes be of little or no value. If all of the characters had been more in tune with reality rather then centering on their own and other characters appearances, many of the confusing events and misunderstandings would not have occurred. -H

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