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超市企业面临供应链管理研究--英国论文代写范文精选

2015-11-19 | 来源:51Due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

如今为了能够满足客户的期望,超市企业也面对着各种压力。公司尽最大努力缩短产品开发时间,降低产品成本和价格,提高产品质量,加快分公司的发展。SCM利用越来越多的工具和技术来协调和优化这些重要过程。每一个公司想通过采用新业务实践和可以达到的信息技术来获得更好的公司内部的执行能力。
 
有关研究表明,当前超市企业供应管理是最优秀的,且就理论和实践方面而言仍在持续往好的方向走。在许多现代理论中,只有少部分从业者能够做到或者甚至能敏锐地找到且扩展达到以更多当代理论安排管理整个供应链。研究确定各种关键供应链管理的障碍和推动力量并在结尾对供应链管理核心趋势进行评估。

Nowadays supermarket companies are under pressure in order to meet customers' expectations. Firms try their best to shorten product development, reduce costs and prices, improve quality, and expedite distribution. SCM utilizes a growing body of tools and techniques for coordinating and optimizing these key processes. Every companies trying to get better the competence of their inner processes by adopting new business practices and use of information technology as much as achievable.
 
The dissertation reveals that supply management is, at most excellent, still growing in terms of both theory and practice. Few practitioners were able - or even acutely aspired - to extend their attain across the supply chain in the manner arranged in much modern theory. The research identifies the variety of key barriers and enablers to supply management and it concludes with an estimation of the core trends.
 
They have acknowledged the need for better management with upstream firms that supply inputs and the system of downstream firms accountable for the distribution of their products to customers. This has resulted in the appearance of the concept of supply chain management (SCM). Today, firms compete not only on their end-products or services, but also on the power of their supply chains.
 
They have revealed that they can make different their product offerings and present better value to their clients only when they construct improvements in all the supply chain processes.
 
Supply Chain Management examines the role of SCM in budding quality products and meeting shopper demand earlier and better than the competitors. It adopts a process view of SCM, which advocates the mixing of a variety of business processes performed across the supply chain to offer better value to the end customer.
 
The business environment changes rapidly. Therefore, the focus of SCM must evolve accordingly. The Internet represents a powerful technology for commerce and communication at the buyer-supplier interface. The Internet offers the supply chain massive potential and completely new methods for reformation synchronization between supermarket companies and their customers. The Internet provides a tool that allows supply chain actions to be passed out in a synchronized, instantaneous manner, facilitating maximum supply chain performance. The positive benefits of integrating the Internet into management of the supply chain generally outweigh the risks and associated costs, and firms who have completed such integration hold a current competitive advantage over those that have not. Use of Internet is not a means to an end in and of itself, but is rather a supply chain management tool that can be used to improve customer satisfaction, reduce costs, smooth production flows and shorten cycle times. The Internet enhances SCM's performance and it is an essential part of e-Commerce. As the SCM evolves in the information age, the network supports coordination between supermarkets to make all the information, transactions, and decisions flow through the network.(51Due编辑:BUG)
 
Winning SCM requires a change from managing individual functions to integrating performance into key supply chain processes. An example scenario: the purchasing department places orders as requests become suitable. Marketing, responding to customer require, communicates with several distributors and retailers, and attempts to please this demand. Collective information between supply chain partners can only be fully leveraged through process assimilation.
 
Generally speaking, in an environment where the competition is increasingly based on supply chain efficiency, firms need to put SCM at the heart of their business model to be successful. They must take advantage of the Internet and Web technology to achieve higher-quality and lower-cost collaboration with trading partners.
 
High volume malls, shopping outlets, supermarkets and organized chain stores, requiring the application of up to date management techniques to run them competently and efficiently. Success in today's spirited situation is all about getting the correct product to the accurate place at the correct time, at the lowest price possible. This requires managers to be skilled at planning, merchandising, pricing, and promotion.
 
In supermarket companies and organized chain stores, the subject of retailing from both educational and practical points of view. It discusses new SCM concepts and practices through modern examples to provide insights to students and managers.
 
Information technology refers to the set of apparatus and technologies that make it simple for individuals, businesses and other organizations to use, generate, manage and swap information. New developments in information technology have primarily changed the way in which business is passed out. The growing power and declining costs of computers have made information storeroom, psychiatry and distribution faster, easier and less pricey than at any time before in human olden times.
 
The Internet has detached geographical barriers, making it achievable for companies to source stuff from one country, process it in another country, put together it in yet another country and sell the final product internationally. Clients have information on products and services at their fingertips; they can evaluate dissimilar products, services or manufacturers to choose the finest or the cheapest option. The Internet is now the most important medium of activity, communication and trade for many people. As a result, electronic trade is fast becoming an important part of the world financial system.
 
Given the value of information technology for businesses, managers need to understand the concepts and improve their understanding in the field.
 
Information Technology examines issues in information technology and discusses how managers can use its command to stay spirited in this age of globalization.
 
今后研究的范围—Scope For Future Research (51Due编辑:BUG)
 
One of main future directions is modelling and analysis of JIT purchasing system from the perspective of supply chain management. Furthermore, the application of information technologies such as EDI and EFT play a significant role in achieving JIT purchasing.
 
Changing lifestyles are prompting changes in the business environment. Lack of time and an increase in not reusable incomes have produced a need for new types of SCM. This means that manufacturers, retailers and suppliers will have to become improved at knowing their customers and predicting their desires and needs.
 
There are still plain opportunities for enlargement and improvements within the SCM literature. For instance, the educational literature has various studies focusing on one connection in the supply chain, e.g., central firm to customer or central firm to trader. In essence, is SCM just a new sticker for association management? Additional, critics in the practitioner area generally argue that researchers fail to examine the correct dynamics of the field, with little attempt being exerted in the direction of perceptive the daily challenges practitioners face (Gulati 2007; Markides 2007; McGahan 2007; Tushman and O'Reily 2007).
 
One of the objectives of this study was to classify a number of current trends in the SCM field across a broad range of scholarly idea. In addition, we offer some suggestions for future research, identifying obtainable gaps in the literature as well as separating key challenges SCM researchers face and offering achievable suggestions to overcoming these barriers. As seen from our outcome section, we have outlined the a variety of subject categories that have enlarged and decreased all the way through the last 10 years in supply chain research. It is our expectation that researchers will use the gaps acknowledged in this to generate much needed theoretical and experiential work in the SCM literature, in that way creating a body of literature that is more greatly prejudiced by a deeper analysis of the supply chain on a chain extensive or network basis as different to the more accepted dyadic studies. Certainly, there is sufficient opportunity for a large variety of methodological tools to analyze such chain wide or network phenomena. Rich comprehensive qualitative methodologies using approaches such as stranded theory and increasing to explore deeply into a supply chain can prove to be priceless additions to the literature. Qualitative studies focusing on networks and using analogies to public networks in the consumer literature could provide as a point of entry to improved understand these complex interdependent network relationships.
 
Other research opportunities connecting the unit of study and types of study were revealed. Among the top three categories researched throughout the 10-year time analyzed, the enormous greater part of articles fit within the firm and dyadic units of analysis. Also, the greater part of the articles in the top three categories used experimental analysis techniques. in spite of the large frequency with which re-search falls into these categories, the categories themselves are not fully urbanized. Therefore, we recommend that researchers place an importance on satisfying these voids by studying whether or not earlier and future result hold at comprehensive levels of analysis, such as chains and networks. Also, performing research that utilizes a variety of non-empirical methods may help round out the superiority and understanding of the topics being researched.(51Due编辑:BUG)
 
We do accelerate to add that in spite of our recognition of some gaps in the literature we are well conscious of the unique challenges faced by SCM researchers in their daily activities. Tanner (1999) outlined a number of challenges qualified by organization behavior researchers, certainly these challenges are very similar to the several challenges faced by researchers in the SCM field, and include (1) low response rates, (2) limited access to research samples, (3) funding, (4) time for studies and (5) poor theoretical integration. He also presented some solutions to these barriers that include construction associations with trade associations to facilitate networking and bigger access to national populations as they may be avenues toward decreasing data collection time periods and associated expenses.
 
此项研究将如何帮助我和公司—How this research would help me and the company
 
I have decided to develop my career in supply chain management because I saw that the field was new and growing. There is a huge need for it right now. Companies are recognizing that strong supply chain management is essential to good performance It is such a wheel rounded profession supply chain is not just a procurement but also transportation and operations.
 
There are just so many different opportunities for me to build my career on. I have done my dissertation in supply chain management because I think it will be an excellent resource for me to gain to exposure to the industry, to the network and to further my training as I build on my MBA degree. Having a dissertation in supply chain management, which in today's unstable economic environment, firms are ruthless for ways to attain competitive advantage. One of the approaches is to manage the whole supply chain to reduce costs and improve performance to generate competitive advantage and business success. This dissertation explores and investigates how the Supermarket Companies and Organized Chain Stores use supply chain management to achieve competitive advantage and raise business success. The research objective was to determine crucial success factors and limitation of recent innovation of Supply Chain Management.
 
This dissertation provides a theoretical framework to know a firm's performance and argues that supply chain management will help a firm to be spirited and successful, will be a symbol to all my colleagues to my professionalism and my expertise in my chosen field of practice. And I have also learnt from my dissertation that how companies make every effort to improve market share, grow corporate profit, and gain strategic advantage. In order to achieve these goals, supply chain capability must be placed at the heart of a company's business model. Firms realize that the competition is driven by customer demand. Effective supply chain management can offer customers high quality products and services with low prices.
 
Supply chain management (SCM) is also an important component of extended enterprise applications. SCM serves as the back-end application by connecting suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, and resellers in an organized production and distribution network. Beyond the persistent adoption of ERP systems, which aim to facilitate internal operations and to increase productivity, firms are generating explosive demand for SCM applications. The network economy combines enhanced, transformed, and new economic relationships that are based on computer networks and human knowledge. Its connectivity is mainly realized through the intranet and extranet that exists within and across firms. SCM applications utilize these networks aiming to control costs, reduce paperwork, lower inventory, and shorten product cycles. Nowadays, the Internet and the World Wide Web are widely accepted since they become wider the scope of connectivity among individuals and businesses. Web technologies permit firms to work together with business partners to achieve the benefits of reducing costs, enhancing customer satisfaction, and retaining competitive advantages. It has often been suggested that technology should not be implemented merely for technology's sake, but rather to meet a specific business need. Then, the implementation of the technology can be closely aligned with business needs and the greatest advantages obtained.(51Due编辑:BUG)
 
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