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互联网中实时翻译的应用:use of electronic tools in trans.--英国论文代写范文精选

2015-11-24 | 来源:51Due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

1. Introduction引言
电子工具正在实时中的翻译起到相当重要的作用。它已经成为一个译者在援助翻译中必备的电子工具(Austermuhl,2006)。随着电子工具的协助与发展,译者可以大大提高他们的翻译质量和效率。21世纪是一个信息时代,科学技术发展非常快。新的知识和信息将不断面世。
There is an that electronic tools are playing a fairly important role in translation. becomes a must for translators to have a good command of the electronic tools that aid translation (Austermuhl, 2006). With the help of electronic tools, translators can greatly improve their translation quality and efficiency. In the 21st century, an information age, science and technology are developing very fast. New knowledge and information keep coming into existence. Translators are feeling the long-term changes brought about by the information age more than other professionals. Under such circumstances, the traditional way of collecting information can not meet the gradually increasing demands of translation. It is unrealistic to expect a translator to be an expert in various fields of knowledge. Consequently, the use of information and communications technology is a fait accompli in the lives of today's language professionals. In fact, it is quite necessary to use electronic tools to improve translation efficiency and quality. This paper will generally introduce the functions of some major electronic tools that can be used in translation, such as corpora, online web sources, CD-ROMs, and so on. With the help of electronic tools, translators can quickly and efficiently retrieve people' names, geographical names, background information, special terms of translation-related information in humanities, , geography, literature, science technology, religion, business, medicine, biology technology and so on.

2. Use of the Internet 使用互联网

2.1. Search Engines搜索引擎

“个性化”往往是许多商家的制胜法宝,它总是能缔造一个又一个的神话,而这条规律对搜索引擎企业也同样适用。搜索引擎已经改变了我们使用互联网的方式,甚至形成了一种“搜索式”的使用习惯,但这远远不够。搜索个性化的风暴即将来临,用户需要的不仅是能搜寻到信息的搜索引擎,他们更希望做信息消费的主人,让搜索引擎以“我”为中心。 
"Personalized" Many businesses tend to be the holy grail , it can always create another one myth , and this rule on the search engine companies are equally applicable. Search engines have changed the way we use the Internet , and even formed a " search " type of usage, but it is not enough. Search personalized storm approaching, the user need not only the search engines can find the information they want to do masters more information consumption , so that the search engines to "I " as the center .(51Due编辑:cari)
 
But the current situation is that in the face of search engines, various users have no choice. For individual users, the search engine service provider to show what kind of content , what kind of arrangement of search results , use what kind of access equipment, personal right to choose ; For enterprise users , employees can not effectively adapt to business needs to get specific information , especially the integration of internal knowledge and information resources and personalized information on the Internet information resources ; for advertisers , the combination of product quality , orientation, guidance information traceable caught up drowning in information ; while for the site , can not control the search engines to provide a suitable site features information sources , thousands of people can only choose one side , the monotony of the search results, because the initiative to provide search services overbearing monopoly in the search engine giant 's hands ......
 
However, the search giants have realized that search engine personalization is the main method to retain the loyalty of users outside , personalized search will become the new battleground search technology , Microsoft, Yahoo, Google and so on stepping up the development of personalized search engine technology .
 
2.1.1. Classification of search Engines 搜索引擎的分类

Personalized search applications require advanced concepts and excellent technical support , in order to win users. Focus search engine technology to enhance the experience of the user is : precise, accurate , full , fast. Search speed is the search technology and service providers to join the ticket , there will be no problem , but the " precise, accurate and comprehensive" and both are associated with personalization . Web spider personalized search engine recall and precision have a significant impact on , it determines the size of the search engine data capacity and network quality of spiders also directly affect the quality of search information repository.
 
The current web spider is basically a " blind spider" , according to a few simple rules countable crawled , never knew where to go , only to crawl aimlessly information clutter , although very diligent but no personality . The personalized search engine spiders need intelligent networks , there is a direction , a purpose , there are plans to grab information while shouldering find, find, locate , submit information to meet the requirements of the task . It can not only automatically spontaneously self-management , and self -aware and react to their environment ; not only have professional knowledge, but also has learning ability ; processing of information is not only the breadth and depth ; not only there after pretreatment treatment .
 
Whether it is the wisdom of the web spider , or personalized search engine , to solve the most fundamental problem is to allow users to DIY their own out of a unique search engine. But the real need to do personalized search personalization and dynamic type of information search process , personalized , personalized content , information equipment .(51Due编辑:cari)
 
Search engines can be divided into three types according to how they  They are full text search engines, search index/directory and meta search engines.
 
2.1.1.1. Full Text Search Engines全文搜索引擎

Although personalized search engine freshly attracted the attention of many users , but the current search engine technology and user expectations are also far , it does not intelligently understand human ideas, and fully integrated with human life. Prospective demand and technology lag is a pair of twins , how to find this balance between the two in any field is a problem we have to face . Currently, the personalized search engine , there are many technical challenges :
 
Semantic-based multimedia search technology is not mature , such as search image Shihai can only be judged by the relevant surrounding text , but can not provide information retrieval based on the picture itself .
 
Keywords can only enter one or very few , search engines can not understand the real needs of users , it can only be arranged in a variety of all the results come out . Although automatic clustering technology made ​​some attempts , but did not bring much change.
 
Because of the network more resources and useful information exists in the form of a database , and the search engine spiders crawl these dynamic websites in the process is very easy to fall into an infinite loop , many search engines on the depth limit , so the search engines can the amount of data available yet reached 30% of the amount of data across the network .
 
Search engines still need to rely on the browser as a carrier to provide search services , which greatly limits the scope of personalized search engine . While Google has started testing wireless shopping search service, science and technology have begun to provide UNOSOM to search for coupons by mobile phone delivery of goods and services, but there is a lot of work to be done .
 
3. Functions of the Internet Sources for the Translator翻译功能
 
Future users personalized search technology will play to the initiative of the culmination point . The biggest difference with other services is that users search service entirely out of the subjective will , when the second phase is characterized by the Internet passive "attention " up to the initiative of the "Search force ", the foreign search technology providers have their own characteristics business model and corporate strategy will have to focus on this very subjective technique started.
 
No matter how fierce business competition , commercial operations how different, the key point is still only " difference " in order to create value , technology is a key way . Personalized welcome change surface and do not represent all the technology , such as blog , news aggregators , email and instant messaging are also just recovery personalized search field of consciousness , in-depth issues that must be carefully polishing industry expert , someone will eventually launch new technologies or search tools to recreate the way the information is returned.(51Due编辑:cari)
 
But can not ignore the fact that many search engines have fame gradually disappeared from sight , the process, the importance of technology is dramatically highlighted , so the majority of market participants are all invested in research and development of search technology , with a view to advantage in the future market development.
 
"King of the Dance" is a dance genius Mike Wang Fu Laili style once again staged a miracle he is 30 feet per second of air created by the cross stunt " Riverdance " after . Google 's link algorithm , Baidu 's "popular rule" only scratched the surface characteristics of the Internet network staged version of " Riverdance " and the achievements of the legendary Internet. Personalized search really touched when "People" and the " time, place, event ," the deep binding law , its charm will go hand in hand with the network legend. Into the new year, personalized search has been on the road , people are looking forward to have a more personalized search wonderful " King of the Dance" show.
 
reference文献参考
Anderman, G., Rogers, M., (2006) Translation Today, Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
Austermuhl, F. (2006) Electronic Tools for Translators, Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
Samuelsson-Brown, G.,(2006) A Practical Guide for Translators, Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

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