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英国论文代写精选:JFK's Assassination

2017-04-28 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

本篇英国论文代写讲的是经过长达一年的关于JFK暗杀事件的调查后,沃伦委员会(即总统肯尼迪总统暗杀委员会)发布的原始报告。它包括暗杀的详细叙述,并得出结论,李•哈维•奥斯瓦尔德是孤单的枪手,没有暗杀的阴谋者。这是一个非常资料丰富的来源,因为它包含大量与暗杀有关的细节。本篇英国论文代写由51due英国论文代写机构整理,供大家参考阅读。


PART 1

"Warren Commission Report, 1964." Warren Commission Report, 1964 (2009): 1. Academic Search Complete. Web. 

This is a primary source. It was the original report issued by the Warren Commission (namely the  President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy) after a year long investigation on the case of JFK's assassination. It includes detailed narrative of the assassination and drew conclusion that Lee Harvey Oswald was the lone gunman with no known conspirators in the assassination. It is a very informative source because it contains large volume of details related to the assassination. It was reliable for being published shortly (less than one year) after the assassination and because it included large volume of factual evidence.


Griffith, Michael T. "The Warren Commission's Failed Investigation." Tripod. 19 February 2002. Web. 

This is a secondary source with portions of primary sources. It includes original quotations of the following primary sources: the Warren Commission Report, the House Select Committee on Assassinations Report, Gary Cornwell (former deputy chief counsel for the HSCA), etc. This article is written to prove that the single-bullet, no conspiracy theory put forward by the Warren Commission was actually wrong. The author used a substantial amount of primary sources including the original quotations of the HSCA report to prove his point that the Warren Commission has ignored, overlooked and suppressed important evidence that indicated conspiracy. It is very informative and reliable because of the large volume of HSCA quotations to prove the conspiracy theory.


Patterson, Thom. "One JFK Conspiracy Theory That Could be True." CNN. 18 November 2013. Web. 

This is a purely secondary source. This is a news story published on CNN website right before the 50th anniversary of JFK's assassination, which reports Dave Perry, a 70-year-old retired former insurance claims adjuster from Massachusetts who has been researching about JFK's assassination since 1976, has summarized the most popular five conspiracy theories: Lyndon Johnson, US military, the mob, Oswald with unclear conspiracy, the CIA. The CIA conspiracy has not been debunked by Perry because there are still classified CIA documents unreleased. This source is reliable because of Dave Perry's credentials (established as "anti-conspiracy guy" by people); it is informative because it offers the top five popular conspiracy theories and their flaws.


The Spotlight. "Jury: CIA Involved in JFK Assassination." The Spotlight. N.d. Web.

This is a purely secondary source. This article specifically describes from a retrospective point how E. Howard Hunt was found guilty by the Miami jury and that the CIA indeed was involved in JFK's assassination. This article is undoubtedly informative because it was very specific in describing the timeline of how the court case was initiated, developed, and concluded. It's also reliable because the Spotlight was one of the very few non-mainstream media that report about the fact that Miami jury found CIA's involvement of JFK's assassination, and that relevant evidence can be confirmed by Mark Lane's Plausible Denial. 


Fieldstadt, Elisha. "Convinced by the Communists? Some theorize Soviets or Castro Inspired Oswald to Kill JFK." NBC News. 19 November 2013. Web.

This is a secondary source with portions of primary sources. The primary sources included here are: one photograph of Fidel Castro and Nikita Khrushchev, one photograph of Lee Harvey Oswald and his wife Marina in Soviet Union, and one photocopy of Lee Harvey Oswald's visa application to Cuba. This is a news report on several experts' beliefs that Oswald has ties with the  KGB or the Cuban intelligence, which inspired him to kill JFK. It explains those ties in detailed evidence, along with three primary sources. I find it's an informative source because it gives evidence in a Communism conspiracy - Oswald's link with Soviet Union and Cuba. It is also a reliable source because several JFK's assassination theorists are objectively cited with statements of facts, and it uses effective primary sources.



PART 2

Primary Source: "Warren Commission Report, 1964." Warren Commission Report, 1964 (2009): 1. Academic Search Complete. Web. 

The author is the President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy, which was established by President Lyndon B. Johnson on November 29, 1963. The audience was President Lyndon B. Johnson and the American public. The purpose of this report is to investigate and report on JFK's assassination. The Commission is biased because they used limited facts and evidences to support the conclusion. Because of this reason, the Commission's report has become a critiquing target for conspiracy theorists. This report was published in 1964, one year after the assassination. It has stirred up controversy and become a foundation for later research.


Secondary Source: Griffith, Michael T. "The Warren Commission's Failed Investigation." Tripod. 19 February 2002. Web. 

The author was Michael T. Griffith. He is the author of the book Compelling Evidence: A New Look at the Assassination of President Kennedy (Grand Prairie, TX: JFK-Lancer Productions and Publications, 1996). His articles on the assassination have appeared in several journals that deal with the subject (Tripod). The audience of this article is the general public who is interested in the JFK's assassination. The author intends to persuade his audience that the 1964 Warren Report was severely flawed in concluding that Oswald is the sole gunman and there's no conspiracy. It seems like the author is biased for he only presented evidence pointing to the limitations of the Warren Commission's Report. However, there are still plenty of report out there supporting the Warren Commission's conclusions. This article was written in 2002, well after the release of HSCA Committee Report on JFK assassination in 1979. This article informed and convinced me that the Warren Commission's conclusion of no conspiracy theory is deeply flawed.


I learned from the Warren Commission's Report the factual details of JFK's assassination and the lone gunman theory. I learned from Griffith's article that the Warren Commission's Report is flawed because of its limited time, resources and overlooking of evidence, and that there is a conspiracy theory of the assassination. By comparing these two sources, I learned that over time, historians will always come up with more and more details of historical events, and various theories exist for the same event. And various historians will have various opinions, namely biases based on their research findings. Therefore when we look at historical research findings, it is important for us to try to look at multiple sides of the story and gain a wholistic understanding.


PART 3

Among the plethora of the theories out there about JFK's assassination, it still remains a true myth. The controversial aspects do not only lie in the contrast between the single man theory and the conspiracy theory, but also among which conspiracy theory is the most plausible. What we know for sure is that on November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was killed by a bullet from a man named Lee Harvey Oswald on his re-election campaign tour in the Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas (Warren Commission Report). Like the majority of the American public, I do not believe the Warren Commission's theory that Lee Harvey Oswald single handedly achieved this assassination. Rooting for the conspiracy theory, I am mostly interested in two particular theories  - the CIA's involvement, and the Communism (namely KGB and Cuban intelligence).


On Feb. 6, 1985, a jury in Miami concluded that the CIA was involved in JFK's assassination. The case was filed first by E. Howard Hunt as a libel case because in 1978, the Spotlight magazine published an article in which a former CIA official Victor Marchetti revealed that the CIA intended to publicly "admit" Hunt had been involved in the JFK assassination, acting as a "rogue" agent without CIA sanction. Meanwhile, an in-house CIA memo written in 1966 was leaked which stated that Hunt had been in Dallas on the day of the assassination, and that CIA was concerned the agency would one day have to explain why he was there. The Spotlight learned that the CIA chief of counterintelligence had signed off the memo. Also in the retrial, attorney Mark Lane presented the testimony of Marita Lorenz, an ex-CIA operative that on Nov. 21, 1963, Miss Lorenz arrived in Dallas and met with Hunt, confirming Hunt's presence in Dallas, and she was told by Frank Sturgis that the mission was JFK's assassination (The Spotlight). 


The Communism conspiracy was based on investigations that Oswald has connections to both Soviet Union and Cuba. Oswald lived in the Soviet Union from 1959 to 1962, whose Russian wife has an uncle working for the Russian Interior Ministry, and "was surrounded by a lot of KGB informants during his time there." (Fieldstadt) Also, Oswald was arrested for handing out pro-Castro leaflets in New Orleans, and just seven weeks before the assassination, Oswald went to the Cuban Embassy in an attempt to gain access to Cuba (Fieldstadt). Yet the Communism speculations are never affirmed by any Russian or Cuban authorities.


It is the CIA theory that I believe as the most convicting for three reasons. First, it is because despite he admitted publicly for years that he had been in Washington DC on the day of JFK's assassination, Hunt was unable to explain why his teenage children had asked him if the rumors he was involved in the events in Dallas were true (The Spotlight). Second, the CIA memo leaked to the congressional investigators is a hard, undeniable evidence that the CIA was involved. Third, the testimony of Marita Lorenz was also a hard evidence that proves Hunt's presence in Dallas on the day of the assassination. In addition, the CIA was known to have brushes with JFK in his diplomatic approach to deal with the Soviet Union, which was quite opposite with the agency's efforts in assassinating some of the Communist leaders (Patterson).

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