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英文论文摘要写作的十个步骤

2016-07-09 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:写作技巧

摘要是英文论文中非常重要的部分,因为它是浓缩精华版的整篇论文,它的作用就是引起读者的兴趣,让读者有继续读下来的欲望。摘要既要简洁易懂,又要突出你论文的中心,所以相对来说难度也挺高的。那么英文论文摘要怎么写?下面51Due英国论文代写平台就给大家讲解一下英国论文摘要写作的十个步骤。

其实大家可以先不写摘要,待整篇英文完成之后再对文章进行总结之后,再回头来写摘要。这样相信留学生们就会觉得简单很多。写摘要需要总结全文,并且提供尽可能多的新内容。

英文论文摘要写作的十个步骤:

1.确定主要目标和结论

2.用方法部分的关键字确定词组

3.从讨论部分或者结果部分确定主要的结果

4.把上述几个信息集成到一段里

5.在第一句话里说出你使用的假设或者方法

6.省略掉背景描述、文献综述和方法介绍

7.删掉多余的字或者词组

8.修改段落,使摘要只传递精华的信息

9.检查你写的摘要是否符合你要投递的期刊的要求

10.把你的摘要拿给你的一个同学并且问他或者她是否能看懂。

接下来就是英文版的写作步骤,以供大家参考。

An abstract is a condensed version of the manuscript, which highlights the major points covered, concisely describes its content and scope, and reviews its material in abbreviated form. It is usually the first section read and sets the tone of the paper for the reviewer. It must be concise and easy to read and must cover the important points of the paper.

Many publications have a required style for abstracts; the "Guidelines for Authors" provided by the publisher will provide specific instructions. Stay within the publisher’s guidelines, or your manuscript might be rejected.

Writing an abstract involves summarizing a whole manuscript and providing as much new information as possible. The best way to write an effective abstract is to start with a draft of the complete manuscript and follow these 10 steps:

1. Identify the major objectives and conclusions.

2. Identify phrases with keywords in the methods section.

3. Identify the major results from the discussion or results section.

4. Assemble the above information into a single paragraph.

5. State your hypothesis or method used in the first sentence.

6. Omit background information, literature review, and detailed description of methods.

7. Remove extra words and phrases.

8. Revise the paragraph so that the abstract conveys only the essential information.

9. Check to see if it meets the guidelines of the targeted journal.

10. Give the abstract to a colleague (preferably one who is not familiar with your work) and ask him/her whether it makes sense.

Writing an effective abstract will improve the chances of your manuscript being accepted, encourage people to read it, and increase its impact.

A number of studies have indicated that a badly written manuscript with poor use of English, even with good science, has less chance of being accepted and published.

以上就是51Due给大家讲解的英文论文摘要写作的十个步骤,要是同学们不会写摘要的话,可以按照上面这十个步骤来写。

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