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MBA ESSAY 如何写作-essay怎么写

2017-03-17 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:写作技巧

因为不了解西方社会,也不知道essay怎么写,而essay要求的内容包罗万象--个人的体会,人生各方面的经历、人格的形成。在写作过程中,你会发现你把自己这二十多年的人生不知不觉重新审视了一遍。哈佛的校长曾经说过:写完这8篇ESSAY,你就知道你的一生应该干些什么。今天51due英国论文代写网为各位讲述一下MBA ESSAY 如何写作,以下内容仅供大家参考:


mba essay 如何写作:

1.要有自己的实力,对各个问题有自己的看法; 

2.对于各essay的选材起决定性作用。

以下从选材角度就各商学院的ESSAY做具体介绍:

几乎每个商学院的ESSAY都会有这样一个问题--你对未来的发展计划如何以及选择这个学校的原因。要写好这篇文章,必须对申请的学校情况、教学特点有很详细的了解,这要通过认真阅读学校寄给你的资料,比如哈佛大学,了解其案例教学的特点,应该说明在商业环境中常常碰到的困惑,而哈佛的MBA对解决这些困惑,对人生的发展、未来的成功都有极其重要的作用。又如芝加哥大学,侧重于量化教学,对计算机、数学要求较高;沃顿商学院,着重点在于金融、期货、股票方面,对数学要求较多;西北商学院,特点是营销;耶鲁商学院,金融和非盈利性行业;MIT(麻省理工商学院)优势在于定量分析,对计算机要求较强。

申请人的独特的背景(BACKGROUND),即使你的生活确实平淡如水,也要另辟蹊径,写得波澜壮阔,一定要表现出独特的成就,展现出自己的优点,这些成就和优点并非惊心动魄的大事,只要富有特色,就不愁不打动人。


猛看像繁体字,再一看不认识,仔细一琢磨,原来造出的这些“字”儿都是社会热点

过去五年的成就,这其实指的是职业上、人生中、人格上的成就,有人写考上北京大学,考取全省第一名,这并不是真正意义的成就。要写一些人生中令你成熟的转折,对人格的有震撼力的事情,在生活、商业领域获得的巨大成功,还有对别人做出的巨大贡献。Essay代写

我曾经看过一篇文章,写得是在三峡遭遇落水事件,作者同其他人尽全力也未能救出全部溺水的人,其中描写人对生命的渴求,写得感人肺腑,体现出自己的人格和感受---他获得了沃顿商学院的录取。


因为英国人宁愿看一个故事,也不愿平淡的经历。还有一篇写主持一个很小的机构的辛酸苦辣,也很感人。


课外活动和体育爱好,我写的是爬山,在爬山中感受到一山更比一山高,克服自我的心理历程。特别要注意每一篇文章都应尽量体现出你的精神状态和人格。

领导一个机构所带来的变革,这也是一个非常普遍而且非常难写的问题。我写的是在95年国外期货做得一番风顺的时候,中国因为政策上的原因关闭了外汇市场的大门,通过巨大的转变,我被迫审视国内不成熟的市场,如何领导我的小组走过这个转变。

·哈佛的8篇ESSAY题目分别为: 

1.写一个你崇敬的人---从中看出他对你人格的影响。 

2.你喜欢和不喜欢你的工作——写为什么喜欢(带来的挑战等等)为何不喜欢(为什么要读MBA)  

3.领导一个机构所带来的变革 

4.过去五年的成就 

5.面临一个两难的情况内心的斗争---也要体现人格的力量 

6.写一次失败——职业上的失败,对你的影响 

7.理想是什么 

8.独特的经历

·MIT(麻省理工商学院)的特色ESSAY题目为:

1.随着技术的成熟化,技术对全球经济的融合和管理方面所带来的变革; 

2.对管理下几个定义。

·芝加哥商学院的特色ESSAY题目为: 

如果2000年TIME上刊登一篇关于你的文章,会如何描写你和你的成就

怎样写essay Essay格式

1.) Critical Essay

 

2.) Literature Essay

 

3.) Descriptive Essay

 

Literature Essay

 

1.)Introduction

a.Introduction to the topic

b.Thesis Statement

c.Essay Outline

2.)Body Paragraph 1

a.Transition Sentence

b.Essay point number 1

c.Explanation + Facts

3.) Body Paragraph 2

a.Transition Sentence

b.Essay point number 1

c.Explanation + Facts

4.) Conclusion Essay

a. Transition Sentence

b. Restate important points and why they support your thesis

 

Terms commonly use in literature essays:

 

All fiction is based on conflict and this conflict is presented in a structured format called PLOT. 

Exposition

The introductory material which gives the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story.

Foreshadowing

The use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later in the story.

Inciting Force

The event or character that triggers the conflict.

Conflict

The essence of fiction. It creates plot. The conflicts we encounter can usually be identified as one of four kinds. (Man versus…Man,Nature, Society, or Self)

Rising Action

A series of events that builds from the conflict. It begins with the inciting force and ends with the climax. 

Crisis

The conflict reaches a turning point. At this point the opposing forces in the story meet and the conflict becomes most intense. The crisis occurs before or at the same time as the climax.

Climax

The climax is the result of the crisis. It is the high point of the story for the reader. Frequently, it is the moment of the highest interest and greatest emotion. The point at which the outcome of the conflict can be predicted.

Falling Action

The events after the climax which close the story.

Resolution (Denouement)

Rounds out and concludes the action.

CHARACTERIZATION

MAJOR CHARACTERS

Almost always round or three-dimensional characters. They have good and bad qualities. Their goals, ambitions and values change. A round character changes as a result of what happens to him or her. A character who changes inside as a result of what happens to him is referred to in literature as a DYNAMIC character. A dynamic character grows or progresses to a higher level of understanding in the course of the story. 

Protagonist

The main character in the story

Antagonist

The character or force that opposes the protagonist.

Foil

A character who provides a contrast to the protagonist.

MINOR CHARACTERS

Almost always flat or two-dimensional characters. They have only one or two striking qualities. Their predominant quality is not balanced by an opposite quality. They are usually all good or all bad. Such characters can be interesting or amusing in their own right, but they lack depth. Flat characters are sometimes referred to as STATIC characters because they do not change in the course of the story. 

POINT OF VIEW

First Person

The narrator is a character in the story who can reveal only personal thoughts and feelings and what he or she sees and is told by other characters. He can’t tell us thoughts of other characters.

Third-Person Objective

The narrator is an outsider who can report only what he or she sees and hears. This narrator can tell us what is happening, but he can’t tell us the thoughts of the characters.

Third-Person Limited

The narrator is an outsider who sees into the mind of one of the characters.

Omniscient 

The narrator is an all-knowing outsider who can enter the minds of more than one of the characters.

 CONFLICT

Conflict is the essence of fiction. It creates plot. The conflicts we encounter can usually be identified as one of four kinds. 

Man versus Man Essay

Conflict that pits one person against another.

Man versus Nature

A run-in with the forces of nature. On the one hand, it expresses the insignificance of a single human life in the cosmic scheme of things. On the other hand, it tests the limits of a person’s strength and will to live.

Man versus Society

The values and customs by which everyone else lives are being challenged. The character may come to an untimely end as a result of his or her own convictions. The character may, on the other hand, bring others around to a sympathetic point of view, or it may be decided that society was right after all.

Man versus Self

Internal conflict. Not all conflict involves other people. Sometimes people are their own worst enemies. An internal conflict is a good test of a character’s values. Does he give in to temptation orrise above it? Does he demand the most from himself or settle for something less? Does he even bother to struggle? The internal conflicts of a character and how they are resolved are good clues to the character’s inner strength.

Often, more than one kind of conflict is taking place at the same time. In every case, however, the existence of conflict enhances the reader’s understanding of a character and creates the suspense and interest that make you want to continue reading. 

FORESHADOWING

An author’s use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in the story. Not all foreshadowing is obvious. Frequently, future events are merely hinted at through dialogue, description, or the attitudes and reactions of the characters.

Foreshadowing frequently serves two purposes. It builds suspense by raising questions that encourage the reader to go on and find out more about the event that is being foreshadowed. Foreshadowing is also a means of making a narrative more believable by partially preparing the reader for events which are to follow.

IRONY

 

Irony is the contrast between what is expected or what appears to be and what actually is. 

Verbal Irony

The contrast between what is said and what is actually meant.

Irony of Situation

This refers to a happening that is the opposite of what is expected or intended.

Dramatic Irony

This occurs when the audience or reader knows more than the characters know.

TONE/MOOD

Tone

The author’s attitude, stated or implied, toward a subject. Some possible attitudes are pessimism, optimism, earnestness, seriousness, bitterness, humorous, and joyful. An author’s tone can be revealed through choice of words and details.

Mood 

The climate of  feeling in a literary work. The choice of setting, objects, details, images, and words all contribute towards creating a specific mood. For example, an author may create a mood of mystery around a character or setting but may treat that character or setting in an ironic, serious, or humorous tone

SYMBOLISM 

A person, place or object which has a meaning in itself but suggests other meanings as well. Things, characters and actions can be symbols. Anything that suggests a meaning beyond the obvious.

Some symbols are conventional, generally meaning the same thing to all readers. 

For example: bright sunshine symbolizes goodness and water is a symbolic cleanser. 

THEME 

The main idea or underlying meaning of a literary work. A theme may be stated or implied. Theme differs from the subject or topic of a literary work in that it involves a statement or opinion about the topic. Not every literary work has a theme. Themes may be major or minor. A major theme is an idea the author returns to time and again. It becomes one of the most important ideas in the story. Minor themes are ideas that may appear from time to time.

It is important to recognize the difference between the theme of a literary work and the subject of a literary work. The subject is the topic on which an author has chosen to write. The theme, however, makes some statement about or expresses some opinion on that topic. For example, the subject of a story might be war while the theme might be the idea that war is useless.Essay


Four ways in which an author can express themes are as follows:

1.Themes are expressed and emphasized by the way the author makes us feel.. By sharing feelings of the main character you also share the ideas that go through his mind.

2. Themes are presented in thoughts and conversations. Authors put words in their character’s mouths only for good reasons. One of these is to develop a story’s themes. The things a person says are much on their mind. Look for thoughts that are repeated throughout the story.

3. Themes are suggested through the characters. The main character usually illustrates the most important theme of the story. A good way to get at this theme is to ask yourself the question, what does the main character learn in the course of the story?

4. The actions or events in the story are used to suggest t heme. People naturally express ideas and feelings through their actions. One thing authors think about is what an action will "say". In other words, how will the action express an idea or theme?

IMAGERY: Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. 

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE

Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Any language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to furnish new effects or fresh insights into an idea or a subject. The most common figures of speech are simile, metaphor, and alliteration.

Simile

A figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as. Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.


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