欢迎来到51Due,请先 | 注册
关注我们: 51due论文代写二维码 51due论文代写平台微博
英国论文代写,英国essay代写知名品牌微信

Essay代写范文

为您解决留学中生活、学习、工作的困难、疑惑
释放自我

Essay代写:The importance of leader

2017-11-14 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The importance of leader,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了领导的重要性。领导者被定义为“在一个组织或一个组织中对其他组织具有最大影响力的个人”。而领导者扮演的主要角色是影响他人,包括改变其成员或下属的态度或行为。此外,领导也是目标导向,改变与特定目标相关的其他行为或态度。因此,领导的重要性是非常关键的,被证明是有效组织绩效的关键因素。

Leader is defined as “an individual within a group or an organization who has the most influence over others” (Outhwaite, 2003), and leadership is widely accepted as “a process whereby one individual influences other groups members toward the attainment of defined group or organizational goals.” According to this definition, there are three key characteristics of leadership. First of all, the primary role a leader played is to influence others, including changes the attitudes or actions of their group members or subordinates (Winston, 2001). Besides, leadership is goal directed— changing others actions or attitude related to specific goals (Buchanan & Huczynski, 2004). Moreover, by focusing on the central role of influence, leadership involves two-way communications (Neck & Moorhead, 1995). In contrast to leadership is followership (Haslam et al., 2011) and leader also influenced by their subordinates (Winston, 2001).

Generally, the importance of effective leadership is widely accepted and it is proofed as the key to effective organizational performance (Aswathappa, 2010). In all cases, leadership plays the role in identifying, developing and using the potential within an organisation, which aims to raise the level of operational efficiency and ethical aspiration all the people in an organisation (Schedlitzki, 2014). Besides, a leader not only pushes his followers toward the organisational goals, but also allocates needed resources, guides and motivates subordinates to achieve the goals (Winston, 2001). What is more, Hickman (1990) states that compared to managers, leaders make more contribution to guiding organisations in terms of competitive advantage and enduring results.

More specifically, in addition to the power of influencing, leadership plays different roles within an organisation thereby impacting the organisational behavior deeply. The basic role that leaders play is decision making role (Yukl, 1989). The traditional autocratic decision-making style of leadership usually stifles employee creativity by conducting the supervision process rooted in the management function (Kanter, 1983). A more effectiveness concerned by researchers (e.g. Lawler, 1986) is the participative leadership. However, the success depends on the subordinates’ motivation and self-efficiency. Hence, the effectiveness of leaders’ decision making role depends on the characteristics of the problem or task. Besides the decision making role of leadership, a rough categorisation divides the day-to-day function of leadership into two roles (Schedlitzki & Edwards, 2014). First one is the task roles, which emphases on problem identification and solution, involving member monitoring and resource allocation to ensure the accomplishment of task (Adler & Gundersen, 2007), The second is social roles, which emphases on the people orientation, involving interpersonal relationship which aims to build group cohesion hence improving the quality of working life (Robin & Judge, 2012). 

However, Aycan et al. (2014) argue that these three basic functions of leadership do not capture the transformational and charismatic nature of leadership but have deeper impacts contemporary on the organisational behavior in large organisations. In these cases, effective leaders conduct multiple tasks, including identifying the deficiencies of operation and potential opportunities, even sometime to achieve the goals at personal sacrifice. These behaviors are always regarded as charismatic role (Conger & Kanungo, 1998). Therefore, researchers has put forward two new types of influencing process—transactional influence process and transformational influence process (e.g. Conger & Kanungo, 1998). The leaders encourage followers perform required behaviours through rewards while the leaders achieve organisational goals by changing the followers’ attitudes and values.

References

Adler, N. J., & Gundersen, A. (2007). International dimensions of organizational behavior. Cengage Learning.

Aswathappa, K. (2010). Organisational Behaviour. Text Cases Games, Himalaya Publishing House

Aycan, Z., Kanungo, R. N., & Mendonca, M. (2014). Organizations and Management in Cross-cultural Context. Sage.

Conger, J. A.  & Kaungo, R.N. (www.liuxuelw.com/azlw/ 1998), Charismatic leadership in organisations, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Halssam, S.A., Reicher, S.D. and Platow, M.j. (2011) The new psychology of leadership, Psychology Press, London.

Kanter, R.M. (1983), The change masters: innovation for productivity in the American Corporation. New York, Simon and Schuster.

Lawler, E.E. (1986), high involvement management: participative strategies for improving organisational performance. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Neck, C. P., & Moorhead, G. (1995). Groupthink remodeled: The importance of leadership, time pressure, and methodical decision-making procedures. Human Relations, 48(5), 537-557.

Outhwaite, S. (2003). The importance of leadership in the development of an integrated team. Journal of Nursing Management, 11(6), 371-376.

Schedlitzki, D., & Edwards, G. (2014). Studying Leadership: Traditional and Critical Approaches. Sage.

Winston, M. D. (2001). The importance of leadership diversity: The relationship between diversity and organizational success in the academic environment. College & research libraries, 62(6), 517-526.

Yukl, G. (1989) “Management leadership: A review of theory and research’. Journal of Management, 15(2): 261-90.

想要了解更多英国留学资讯或者需要英国代写,请关注51Due英国论文代写平台,51Due是一家专业的论文代写机构,专业辅导海外留学生的英文论文写作,主要业务有essay代写paper代写、assignment代写。在这里,51Due致力于为留学生朋友提供高效优质的留学教育辅导服务,为广大留学生提升写作水平,帮助他们达成学业目标。如果您有论文代写需求,可以咨询我们的客服QQ800020041

51Due网站原创范文除特殊说明外一切图文著作权归51Due所有;未经51Due官方授权谢绝任何用途转载或刊发于媒体。如发生侵犯著作权现象,51Due保留一切法律追诉权。-ZR

我们的优势

  • 05年成立,已帮助上万人
  • 24小时专业客服
  • 团队成员都毕业于全球著名高校
  • 保证原创,支持检测

英国站