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Essay代写:The political system of Australia

2017-12-07 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The political system of Australia,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了澳大利亚的政治制度。澳大利亚的政治制度遵循了西方民主的传统,实行的是三级政府制。议会是两院制,即直接选举众议员和参议员。在澳大利亚议会中的众议院是最重要的,由党派或多党联盟赢得多数席位组成政府,众议院选举每三年举行一次,由148名议员组成,每个议员代表单一选区。

Australian Parliament,澳大利亚政治制度,英国代写,essay代写,论文代写

Australia's political institutions and practices to follow the Western democratic tradition, reflecting the experience of the United Kingdom and North America. Commonwealth of Australia to implement a three-tier system of government (federal, state, local). Australian parliament (legislature) and the government responsible for handling all matters relating to national interest. Six state governments and state legislative bodies to supplement the activities of the federal government (the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory, similar to the state, in large autonomy). City, town, city and county a total of about 900 local government agencies.

The powers of the Australian Federal Parliament in a written constitution has been clearly defined. The constitution since the effective date of January 1, 1901 the colonies formed the Commonwealth of Australia. Amendments to the Constitution by referendum. In addition to the national majority in favor of the vote in six states must be at least four states, the majority of voters in favor, before revising the constitution. Queen Elizabeth II is the official Queen of Australia, Federal Governor and the Governor of the six states on behalf of the Queen's.

Parliament is bicameral, namely, the direct election of Members of the House of Representatives (Lower House) and Senate (Upper House), two sessions by the voters of Australia, in addition to a federal government of Prime Minister, there are 6 of the Prime Minister of the State Government, while Minister of the Interior Minister of Justice also have seven direct orders from the heads of state. Is important in a hospital of the Australian Parliament House of Representatives, by the party or multi-party coalition won a majority of seats to form a government, that is, the government has only a majority in Congress in the House of Representatives in order to govern, Premier members and accounted for in the House of Representatives political party became the opposition party of the second most seats, the House of Representatives elections held every three years, the House of Representatives consists of 148 members, each MP represents a single constituency. The Senate was known as the "State House", it is elected by each state each 12 Capital Territory and the Northern regions each elect two senators, by the law enacted by the House of Representatives and the motion must be approved by the Senate .

State legislature Queensland, Northern Territory and the Capital Territory, other state legislatures are bicameral. Queensland in 1922 abolished the House of Lords. Known as the Legislative Council in New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland and Western Australia, the House of Commons, House of Commons, called the House of Representatives in South Australia and Tasmania. The five states of the House of Lords are known as the Legislative Council. Self-management education, transportation, law enforcement, health and agriculture by the state.

Local government The powers and duties of local governments is not the same. Generally speaking, they are responsible for: urban planning; management of the park, entertainment, swimming pools, public libraries and community centers; the construction and maintenance of roads, streets and bridges; water supply, sewage and drainage systems; public health and hygiene; construction supervision, Weights and Measures and other regulations. Executive body Cabinet is the main institutions of government policy formulation, which is chaired by the Prime Minister, ministers, about half of the members of the Cabinet.

The cabinet meeting informal, held in private. The decision of the Cabinet by the Executive Committee for approval after the force of law. The Executive Committee is chaired by the Governor of a program organization. While all ministers are Executive Committee members, but usually only two or three ministers attended the meeting. Election Where at least more than 18 years old and 18-year-old Australian per capita obligation to participate in federal and state elections by secret ballot. Where people are eligible to participate in the elections if there is no legitimate reason and not vote, you will be fined. But in the election of local government, voting is not always mandatory. Political party Into the Australian Parliament has four main political parties, they are: the Australian Labor Party, Australian Democrats, Australian Liberal Party and National Party.

Similarity of the party organization. They are national political parties, there is no federal executive bodies, held a nationwide General Assembly, a branch or branches in the states. Each party have advocated the rule of law, support the maintenance of parliamentary democracy and individual freedom (including freedom of speech, religion and freedom of association). Constitution Australia has a written constitution, which is different from the United Kingdom, and is similar to the United States to modify the Constitution only by at least the majority of voters in four states and the national majority of voters in favor of the referendum and the six states, the framers of the Constitution of the Federal Parliament powers.

Judicial The Constitution provides that the judicial power in Australia belong to the High Court of Australia and the Australian Parliament to establish other courts. Parliament established the Federal Court of Australia and the Family Court of Australia, responsible for handling cases in the federal law specifically provides for a number of areas. In addition, state courts have been granted to the federal judicial power in certain areas. All states, the Capital Territory and the northern region has its own court system.

Law enforcement Performed jointly by the Australian law enforcement responsibilities from the federal, state, and the northern part of the police. Around the Independent Police to maintain the laws of the state or the region. But they and the number of formal and informal cooperation between the various government The Australian Federal Police Department and the national Fight Crime Bureau is the leading law enforcement agency of the federal government.

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