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Essay代写:French ethnic issues

2018-01-10 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- French ethnic issues,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了法国民族问题。总所周知,法国是一个多民族国家。民族构成日趋多元性、少数民族快速壮大、日臻多样的文化特质,既为法国社会文化的昌盛提供了源动力,也对其社会族际关系方面的应对产生挑战,针对国内族际关系错综复杂的现实状况,法国政府对此相应的准备显然还不够充分。

French national,法国民族问题,英国代写,essay代写,论文代写

The composition of the French nationality and its transnational immigration status. The second article of France's current Constitution stipulates: "France is a democratic, social and difficult republic, and it guarantees all its citizens the right to respect all faiths and equality before the law, without distinction of origin, sex, age, etc." Religious beliefs and ethnic components have not been included in the population register by the French government, nor are the official statistics of the two. As one of the oldest countries in the world, the French nation is usually synonymous with France, but in an unofficial survey, France, in addition to the majority of the country's population of more than 80% of the main national French people, other such as Alsas, Brittanians, Corsica People, The number of ethnic minorities such as Catalone is also relatively large, while the number of immigrants and other nationalities is also not fractional. Thus, France is also a multi-ethnic country similar to ours.

Since the 1970s, France has been using the immigration austerity policy to strictly control the rapid growth trend of immigrant population, however, the scale and speed of the growth of its transnational immigrant population is still increasing, especially the expansion of the population base, such as African-American and Asian-Americans, which makes the composition of the French nation appear diversified.

Ethnic composition is becoming more and more pluralistic, the rapid growth and diversity of ethnic minorities, which provide the source of impetus for the prosperity of French social culture, challenge the response of their social and ethnic relations, and address the intricate realities of domestic inter-ethnic relations, are clearly inadequate.

The composition of contemporary French nationality problem is quite complex, which can be analyzed from two aspects: one is the problem of immigrant with religious culture, and the other is the problem of ethnic separatism with the region as its unit. Since the 1960s, the French nationalist movement has become more active, ethnic conflicts such as prairie, the main areas of conflict erupted at that time concentrated in ethnic cultures, national language complete ethnic minorities gathered islands and border areas, such as Basque, Pays, Corse and so on. The previous nationalist movement was mild, and from the late 60 onwards, radical nationalism emerged and manifested separatist tendencies, such as the "Corsica National Liberation Front" and other local separatist armed groups, which have been "realized" by armed violence to establish an independent national ideal. In the 780's, the French national separatism turned into fuel oil, and thousands of violent events each year brought huge human and property losses to the French government and people. The main causes of the above ethnic separatism are manifested in two aspects: the first is the social and economic development in some areas, the imbalance with other parts of France, and the second is the implicit assimilation act which is strongly inconsistent with the French government. Its national separatist movement had not subsided until it entered the 1990s.

From the current situation analysis, the national separatist movement to the French government threat has been very little, but the depth of the social relationship between the map does exist, for example, until today the French Corse problem remains unresolved, the island many people still want to achieve independence.

In recent years, the nature of French immigration has become increasingly complex, a feature that has been manifested in the aftermath of the "Paris riots", where the main focus of immigration is on Afro-African and Muslim groups, France, which advocates freedom, equality, fraternity and other ideas, There is a varying degree of estrangement and empathy among the ethnic minorities and the minority with more than 20% per cent of the population, among which the most prominent is the Muslim community, including the Arabs,

As a result of economic, administrative, racial discrimination and other factors, France's African-American, Muslim and Asian ethnic minorities, in France, the lack of equality in social life, for example, a 2009 research report from the University of Paris, "under the conditions, Job seekers with surnames of Arab or African descent are more than five times more responsive than those with a French principal national surname," In addition, the target of violence against foreign immigrants is also frequent, for example, in 2013 June 14, China's six students in France were violently attacked, this is a French police characterized as a violent xenophobic incident.

From the analysis of the root causes of migration, some French people believe that there is a conflict between religious belief and cultural differences, but there is a difference between religious belief and traditional culture, and the understanding of communication between different nationalities does cause a certain degree of obstruction. It is not only the inevitable result of the clash of cultures between different nationalities, but also the main reason is the cultural identity of France and its government policy orientation.

French national policy and national cultural identity. France's ethnic relations have been mainly through the external, by the French government to implement the recessive national assimilation, as well as the internal, through the French cultural identity, the two aspects of the common coordination of the framework. First, we will focus on the French cultural identity, this cultural identity is the most prominent feature of French society, which mainly exists in the following basic factors: the first is a long history of common ownership, and the second is an imaginary or real Gaul; The third is a clear, complete set of French system and inheritance, Embodied in the national values of equality and freedom, the forth is the secular worldview based on humanism, and the desire to pursue the traditional culture of France in the fields of literature, diet and language. French culture is the same as that of France in the eyes of the French nationality, for which all French citizens should recognize the French culture and choose French in language, and the cultural identity table has a notable feature in the overseas French people all over the world.

Secondly, since the French Revolution of 1789, the French government has been moving towards the promotion of ethnic and transnational migration in all aspects of France, and hopes to strengthen citizens ' national identity to the French nation. This emphasis on the integration of social groups, harmony and other strategies is based on its national assimilation policy, the specific paradigm can be expressed as follows: centralization, concentration of education system, French status over the minority language and regional language above. At present, France has not set up a special national government agency to deal with ethnic issues, nor has it designated a special ethnic policy based on ethnic and religious identity, but has diverted policies relating to minorities into the national public policy system, which is distributed in the areas of immigration policy, social welfare and so on. This seemingly sterile "national policy" is also known as the "Republic model". The French Government believed that the state should treat all citizens equally, and that the identity of nations and religions should not be deliberately differentiated, since the distinction itself implied that the separation of the French people into different groups would lead to discrimination and inequality.

The national policy of "equal treatment" in France appears to be equality, but it ignores the "fact inequality" of various nationalities caused by various reasons in history and the national cultural differences which show remarkable. Moreover, when the Republican model comes out and implements the public policy, its means will be compulsory or institutionalized, and its outcome must require the minority to abandon its national characteristics and assimilate it by the dominant nationality through some adaptive process. For ethnic minorities, this policy also means the demise of their own national identity.

In addition, the French Government has given certain policy support to the restoration and protection of the traditional culture of minorities. But since 2010, the national policy has been a series of adjustments by the French government, tougher and stronger measures, such as tighter control of naturalized immigrants, tighter immigration, a "burqa ban", the removal of immigrants, the Ministry of National Identity and solidarity development, and increased efforts to combat illegal immigration, To realize its cultural policy of the obvious one-yuan trend. It is clear that the current policy of multiculturalism in European countries is faltering and difficult to develop, but the French government has not fundamentally reformed the current national policy, but has adhered to and strengthened the original Republican model.

It is questionable whether the Republican model policy can effectively solve and alleviate the French nationality problem after strengthening. To this end, the French Government had to bear a series of problems caused by the Republic model, which led to the thin ice on the road of National Republic, which should be taken as a mirror in formulating and perfecting the national policy.

The Enlightenment of the national policy of France to the perfection of our national policy

France is a mature, economically developed old capitalist country, while China is in the development of the socialist country, although both are multi-ethnic composition of the country, but in the specific national conditions, social values, cultural elements, there are many differences, some similar problems are not comparable. However, in the aspects of how to promote national harmony, harmonize ethnic relations, perfect national system and so on, learn from France's policy to solve its national problems and gain experience, still on our national policy formulation and implementation of great significance.

From the state system level analysis, we should adhere to China's national policy is not shaken. In dealing with the issue of national unification, France put the national unity in the first place, regardless of its national culture identity and the implementation of the Republic model, all embodies the French government's practice of building a harmonious relationship between the people. China's national policy and China's specific national conditions after decades of practice proved that, the two are consistent, it is not only conducive to the unity and equality between all nationalities and common development and development progress, but also in line with the common interests of all nationalities, so the heartfelt support of all nationalities, therefore, we must adhere to our national policy unswervingly.

Only by adhering to our national policy can we safeguard national unity and territorial integrity and ensure the long-term security of the country. To maintain sovereign independence and territorial integrity is the basis for the existence of a legitimate state, is also a government to establish authority and promote national identity of the premise, our country as a multi-ethnic country especially should be so, our national policy first to achieve the goal is to maintain national unity, which is the highest core interests of the State. If a country cannot guarantee its sovereignty and territorial integrity, its national policy and the practice of its national policy will inevitably suffer defeat.

To ensure that the rights of minorities are guaranteed to uphold our national policy. All people have the right to participate in the administration of the state, and minorities, as part of our people, naturally enjoy this right. This is also the constitution, national autonomy law and other related laws and regulations of the three major systems of the inevitable requirements. Our national minorities not only enjoy the individual rights as the citizens of our country, but also enjoy the special collective interests as the minority nationalities, that is, the national autonomy and other related special rights, which provides the legal system guarantee for the ethnic minorities to participate effectively in our social and political life.

For ethnic minorities, only political equality is not enough, the real gap between the economic development of different nationalities, regions, in order to achieve the long-term goal of our socialist construction, in order to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, the coordinated development and common prosperity among the various nationalities become the inevitable area. It is of great significance to mobilize the national and social forces and to accelerate the social, economic and cultural development of ethnic minorities, which will strengthen the national, social and cultural identities of the ethnic minorities.

Through the analysis of political system and mechanism, the enforcement and supervision of relevant laws and regulations should be strengthened. There is a certain similarity between the political system of our country and France, first, the two countries ' political system is not typical of the decentralized system, in the inability to balance the government through decentralization, the French government after years of exploration and research to develop a more mature national policy supervision mechanism, it is worth our reference; Secondly, France has a good tradition of national supervision, Its supervision custom has a long history, our country in this aspect is restricted by the national history and the populace quality limitation and carries out late, we should learn from France. Thirdly, from the evolution process analysis, the French government has created a lot of far-reaching supervision mechanism, experience accumulated in our country and its large gap, we should take the truth.

The relevant legal system of French nationality issues is more complete and perfect than our country, we should learn from it, but the rule of law can not solve all the problems, the corresponding supervision mechanism should be perfect at the same time.

From the operating level analysis, we should pay attention to improve people's livelihood, clear work system and service system. The problem of people's livelihood is becoming more and more prominent in our country at present, the harmonious premise of promoting national relations is to provide basic livelihood protection. The French national Service system is very sound, and it attaches great importance to the improvement of people's livelihood, and through the government's cross-sectoral policies and strategies to solve the problems of minority employment, education and medical treatment. In this respect, we should draw on the perfect service system of France, promote the harmony of national relations and improve the people's livelihood. Specific aspects can be addressed in the following areas:

To formulate the legal system of social security in minority regions and improve the related social assistance system. France's social security system has been basically established, although there are still differences in income, but because of its relatively perfect social security system, all sectors of the domestic income gap is basically acceptable, and its social security system has become the coordination of national relations safety valve. Although China's social security system has been basically formed after years of development, but compared with France is still a long shoulder.

We should guarantee the employment rights of minority nationalities and improve their employment-related policies. France has developed a number of specific training programs aimed at helping the minority in employment, while at the same time putting government forces to better use to promote ethnic diversity and equality. Our country should formulate educational development plan and Special employment Policy plan of minority nationalities, and implement the Employment Equality and Education equality of minority nationalities.

From the perspective of value orientation, we should strengthen the education of national consciousness and correct national values. To carry out the education and training work of the whole nation correctly. The construction of the core values of the French nation is through the full participation of all sectors of society, led by the government, from the school as the main channel, through education to train the correct national concept, by the non-governmental organizations as a complement to education and training.

The national values are closely related to the basic system of our country, which has an important influence on the direction and trend of our social consciousness, and the cultivation of the correct national values should be put into practice with our country's education construction, and encourage the masses to participate actively in the cooperation. The Government should give full play to its function, the schools at all levels give full play to their ideological and political education, strengthen.

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