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英国essay代写:Constraints on policy enforcement

2018-05-14 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Constraints on policy enforcement讨论了政策执行的制约因素。对于社会的发展,政策的制定固然重要,但要真正落实到现实,发挥作用的政策执行才是更为重要的。政策执行是一个复杂艰巨的任务,除了政府职能的发挥和执行力的体现,还需要人们等各方面的贯彻和配合,因此只有对制约政策执行的干扰项进行充分的了解和分析,才能减少政策落实过程中遇到的阻碍,确保政府工作顺利开展和目标的有效实现。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家从参考阅读。

policy enforcement,政策执行的制约因素,essay代写,代写,paper代写

Rapid development in the changing society, the harmonious operation and public resources and the fair distribution of social interests without the government's policies and laws and regulations, they are like the authority of the vane and the baton, and guides the direction of the society, to maintain the good order of the society. The formulation and presentation of policies is important, but as a real implementation of reality, the implementation of policies that play a role is more important and crucial, and should be fully thought and valued. Policy execution is a complex difficult task, in addition to the functions of the government of the embodiment of the play and execution, also need and so on various aspects of implementing and cooperate with the masses, so only to restrict the interference of policy implementation to fully understand and analysis, can reduce the obstacles encountered in the process of policy implementation, ensure smoothly the effective realization of the goal and the government's work.

As the old saying goes, it is the first and most important factor that affects the implementation of the policy. Therefore, if the policy is to be implemented smoothly, it is necessary to self-examine whether it meets the preconditions of the implementation. The goal of the policy must first be practical, and the formulation of an uncompleted policy has no practical significance, so it is necessary to ensure that the policy is implemented; Secondly, the goal should be clear, not just vague general concept, otherwise, it will be carried out in the course of execution, which will cause the implementation of "aimless". Policy should also be flexible, can according to the situation or the situation is good or bad for elastic adjustment and change in a reasonable scope, such ability can avoid rigid stereotype of execution, can take the human, material and financial resources and run counter to the ideal effect; Policies should also conform to the scientific principles and the requirements of the public interest, and avoid the erroneous policies that deviate from the scientific and practical situation during the great leap forward, which undermines the interests and enthusiasm of the people. Finally, the policy also note and the old policy and other original policy supporting, not just a single cause inconsistent with other policy or conflict, otherwise will naturally occur in the process of execution is difficult to solve problems and even result in failure.

The smooth implementation of policy cannot be separated from human resources, material resources and financial resources. Policy if the lack of economic investment funds, the constrained many links will not use, for example to introduce advanced technology and high-end equipment, cause the low efficiency of execution and poor effect; However, the financial resources cannot be over-invested, otherwise, it will be easy to breed corruption or to carry out the post of the dead body vegetarian meal; Human resource is one of the main factors affect the policy execution, only put into high comprehensive quality, executive ability of the staff to help policy implemented from paper into entities, if there is no suitable human into the policies issued by the lack of down-to-earth, earnestly is responsible for the implementation of the people also would be tantamount to talk; In addition, lack of information resources is also one of the factors that nots allow to ignore, in today's information age, fully grasp the information acquisition and transmission channels to make policy more effectively follow the era development.

Policy implementation is not blind, but targeted towards the object. Therefore, if the implementation object of the policy recognizes and accepts the policy objectives, the policy will be fully implemented; Instead on policy if the policy object inner opposition or disagree, that would be easy to reflect the negative behavior, cause great obstacles to the policy implementation process, or out of oppression passively accept policies and regulations, so that even if the policy was enforced on the surface can also because the policy object because of heart to lack of response to the policy implementation is far short of the expected effect. Strong twisting of the melon is not sweet, the implementation of the policy must fully absorb the public opinion, listen to the proposal, can get the support of the masses.

The implementation of the policy must be adapted to the environment, and the economic, political, cultural, moral standards and folk customs of the country are the factors that restrict the implementation of the policy. Just as China's family planning is not suitable for Australia, the legal guns of the United States can't be formed in China, and the policy in line with national conditions can be well conceived and developed. In the country's political instability or economic strength is insufficient, the mistrust of the government, low education level, the implementation of policy are susceptible to great influence and restriction, only to find a way to improve the conditions and environment to make policy really works, solve social problems.

If the government's policy is not properly communicated, communicated and supervised, it is easy to have problems in implementation. This requires that the administrative personnel should have a clear responsibility and a unified goal, which will be easily found in the process of implementation. Responsible for timely understanding of the situation to rectify; Enforcement mechanism can not rigid, pure permeates lack of two-way communication of information will make the implementation of the policy of progress is not real and effective feedback, also easy because of the lack of regulation of superior staff malfeasance or shirk responsibility, ultimately failed to perform or interrupt task.

All in all, the restrictive factors of policy implementation come from all aspects and are changing at any time, far beyond the above categories. Therefore, it is necessary to get attention and further research. With the continuous development of society, only a clear policy objectives and may encounter difficulties, ready to deal with, to make smooth implementation policy, to effectively solve the social problems, a reasonably significant effect.

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