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Essay代写:The relationship between consumption and economic growth

2018-05-16 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The relationship between consumption and economic growth,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了消费与经济增长的关系。消费与增长,传统的经济理论认为经济增长会带来消费的增加,增长对消费起着决定性作用。经济增长了才能适当增加消费,但消费基金的过快增长会影响和妨碍经济发展。

consumption and economic growth,消费与经济增长,英国代写,英国论文代写,essay代写

Consumption problem, from the perspective of consumption behavior, belongs to the microeconomic category; from the final use of gross domestic product, consumption is an important overall variable, and its total volume and structural changes affect the change of GDP, which is the impact on economic growth. Therefore, consumption problem is also a macroeconomic category. The starting point of our research on consumption is the concern for economic growth.

Consumption has become a focus issue in the past two years, and stimulating consumption has become an effective means to drive economic growth. Nearly two years, China's slowing economic growth, economic development of the external environment and internal environment changes, such as the southeast Asian financial crisis, the RMB is not devalued pressure, the reform of state-owned enterprise reform, government agencies, etc., makes the consumption problem is finally surfaced, aroused people's concern, become a new economic growth point. Due to the changes of external environment and internal environment of economic development, seriously weakened the various elements of economic growth, therefore, will develop the domestic market, stimulating consumption and expanding domestic demand as the fundamental standpoint of economic growth and long-term development strategy, has important practical significance.

Consumption and growth, traditional planned economic theory holds that economic growth leads to increased consumption, and growth plays a decisive role in consumption. Economic growth can only moderately increase consumption, and the excessively rapid growth of the consumption fund will affect and hinder economic development, and in this way, we will arrange economic construction and formulate macro development plans. In the planned economy to market economy in the process of transformation, we not only obtained the institutional change, also won the understanding and the breakthrough in theory, it is not only determines the consumption growth, at the same time consumption for growth have pull effect, consumption function under certain conditions can exceed the investment effect, decides the speed and quality of economic growth. This growth view can be supported by the following empirical materials and theories. First, high - income high consumption and low - income low - consumption model comparison. China's reform and opening up 20 years history and experiences have shown that compared with before the reform and opening up 30 years, 1979 years after China's economic development is rapid, more important is a huge increase income and consumption level, the original low consumption, lagging of economic development mode has completely changed. Even at the same time in different regions of China, such as the southeast coastal region and the western region, different consumption patterns have been accompanied by different levels of economic growth. In the United States and other developed countries, high income and high consumption patterns are accompanied by successful economic growth. Therefore, low income and low consumption are accompanied by sluggish economic growth and low efficiency. High income and high consumption are accompanied by high output and high quality of economic growth. Labor is an important factor of economic growth, and labor is inseparable from consumption. Clothing, food, shelter and consumption are the basic needs of the labor force. Without these consumption activities, there is no labor force. The consumption level determines the total level and quality of the labor force. Therefore, consumption is not only necessary for population reproduction, but also a prerequisite for economic activity. Economic activities, the most primitive and the first, start with consumption. Consumption determines the labor force, and the labor force conducts the influence and contribution of consumption to economic growth.

Economic growth is a complex problem that is affected by many factors, such as consumption, investment, international trade, labor, scientific and technological progress, economic systems, and government policies. There have been considerable achievements in the study of investment and labor factors, but there are still many gaps in the research on the impact of consumption on economic growth. In the past two years, the negative impact of insufficient demand has become more and more obvious, and the lack of demand has become the main reason for the slow economic growth. In the case that the infrastructure is weak and the production factor bottleneck is significant, it is obvious that investment plays a significant role in the economic growth, and the expansion of investment is the main means. As the economy expands, perfect infrastructure, investment on economic growth the marginal benefit of reducing gradually, pull function, at this time, the consumption will be significantly enhanced, to stimulate economic growth and become a major factor. Contribution rate is one of the indicators that we use to study consumption and investment drive. Consumption contribution rate refers to the contribution of consumption to economic growth, namely the proportion of consumption factors in GDP growth. Investment contribution rate refers to the contribution of investment to economic growth, namely the proportion of investment factors in GDP growth.

The slow growth of hainan's economy, characterized by deficient demand, has attracted the attention of people of insight. While implementing active fiscal and monetary policies, the state has also expanded domestic demand as a means of macro-control to promote economic growth. In such circumstances, hainan should take this opportunity to actively expand consumer market, stimulate consumer demand, in a timely manner to formulate effective policies and measures to solve the problem of long plagued demand of economic growth. If there is a shortage of demand, there is a risk of deflation, if the investment approach does not work effectively. The deflation problem in the current economic operation should arouse our vigilance. Because deflation will engulf hainan's economy for a decade, it will bring a serious setback to the economy. How to expand the consumer market? How to stimulate consumer demand? How to overcome and avoid the potential shortage of demand in economic growth? We believe that the first step should be to increase the consumption rate and reduce the investment rate as the basic starting point and long-term development strategy of economic policy. Although the lack of demand is reflected in the low consumption rate, the improvement of consumption rate means the improvement of the shortage of demand. However, in solving the problem of insufficient demand, first of all, the improvement of consumption rate should be paid attention to. Because hainan economic development practice shows that due to the excessive emphasis on the role of the investment, ignored the role of consumption, hainan economic development pattern in high investment rate and low consumption rate, both investment and consumption proportion relations not harmonious, affect the quality of the hainan economic growth's continuity and growth. Admittedly, this is due to our misunderstanding and policy mistakes. Therefore, it is necessary to adjust the ratio relationship as soon as possible, change the original pattern, increase the consumption rate, reduce the investment rate, and achieve the virtuous circle of the economy. Compressed investment, improve the consumption rate is not a negative for the increase of consumption at the expense of the economic growth, but to actively expand consumption, consumption growth faster than investment, in the proportion of moderate economic growth under the condition of consumption and investment relations coordinated development. At the same time, we should pay attention to the stability of economic operation and the continuity of policy, and overcome and avoid the harm caused by cyclical fluctuations. Pay attention to prevent the widening gap between income and consumption level, a polarized society, to "efficiency" and "fair", using the means of macroeconomic regulation and control, gradually realize the greatest degree of social justice, to ensure economic development required by the stable social environment.

In the past two years, in China's economic life, the growth rate has attracted the attention of all sectors of society, and consumption has become a new economic growth point. This article is in this context, the consumption problem in hainan economy and the impact of consumption on economic growth, are discussed in this paper, the demand for long plagued hainan economic growth shortage problem is analyzed, and puts forward some policy measures to solve. For the current economic problems, we believe that there are both total and structural imbalances. While expanding domestic demand and addressing insufficient demand, we should also make structural adjustments so as to solve deep-seated economic conflicts and improve the quality of economic growth. In his research work, we felt strongly that the economic growth rate is more than just a statistic, it also should have more vivid and rich connotation, should be a comprehensive reflection of the quality and economic results. Development and growth are two economic indicators with different essential meanings. The development reflects the number of the economy, and the growth should reflect the economic quality. So our focus on economic growth is mainly about the quality of the economy and the results. We also start with the quality of economic growth. If we simply pursue economic growth, we will fall into the quagmire of statistics, and the analysis and research will become boring and worthless Numbers games. The quantity of economic development is only a means, the quality of economic growth is the goal we pursue. In 1998, China's economy grew by 7.8 percent, while the U.S. and the world grew at an average rate of 1 to 2 percent, but the quality and outcome of economic growth was not the same. Thus, we believe that economic growth is the improvement of economic quality, should include environmental protection, housing conditions and education level, level of per capita income, per capita consumption level, the average life expectancy, the concept of scientific and technological content, and so on content, this is our growth outlook.

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