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essay代写-Financial governance

2018-07-11 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Financial governance讨论了金融的治理。全球金融治理,指的是通过制定完善的制度,来对全球整个金融体系的高效运转实施科学合理的治理。这样做的目的是在保障全球金融体系稳健运转的同时,促进世界金融的快速稳定发展。随着后金融危机时代经济形势的发展变化,全球治理也需要做出新的调整变化。在经济危机后,各国对于金融治理的改革提议主要包括了金融货币体系、合作平台等。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家从参考阅读。

Financial governance,全球金融治理,essay代写,代写,paper代写

In the process of economic globalization, in addition to the import and export trade company of the flow of goods between the trade and capital flows, two-way investment and transnational operation are in the process of globalization has played an important role in mechanism. In addition, the developed countries, which have always been monopolized by trade, continue to liberalize their trade policies and make their economies globalized to a great extent. In this process, the world's economies and trade alliances have also played an important role in promoting the allocation of global resources.

In the wake of the financial crisis, according to the global financial investment data, the amount of foreign trade and investment fell significantly, but the decline in officially reported foreign investment flows was much lower than after 2000. 2007 international direct investment flow rate was the highest since relevant data statistics, nearly $two trillion, while in the second year in the fall to a certain extent, but still have more than $17 trillion, second only to the amount of 2007. By 2009, the figure had fallen significantly, but remained above $1 trillion. In addition, the largest proportion of international direct investment in these three years is transnational mergers and acquisitions, and the proportion is almost the same, both of which are around 70%. The decline is a marked departure from the bursting of a bubble in America's new economy in 2000 as a result of technological change.

After the financial crisis, the contradiction of the world economic structure is increasingly emerging, and the economic behavior of western developed countries in this economic structure also presents the characteristics of service type and financial nature. In this case, developing countries had to rely on exports of physical goods to attract investment in order to achieve capital flows and world trade balance.

In a global financial system dominated by the United States, its essence is to determine the dominance of the dollar. As the leading currency in economic globalization, the dollar monopolizes the value measurement of various capital, labor and technological activities in world trade. It is precisely because the dollar is linked to gold and is directly or indirectly linked to the global economy, which leads to the collapse of us hegemony after the economic crisis. But in fact, the dollar is still important in the current economic system, and the euro cannot replace the dollar's dominance in the short term.

In the wake of the financial crisis, affected countries have drawn up corresponding rescue and assistance plans. Especially in the affected European and American countries, the government even intervened directly. State-led economic aid, for example, directly take over and help the bankrupt enterprise restructuring, the financial crisis after the age of large-scale rescue plan from the side reflects the private monopoly capital has been integrated with the international financial, the system of national economy has become the dominant. At the same time, the western countries have adopted this aid program, which also shows the importance of private monopoly capital in economic globalization.

In the course of the continuous development of the world economy, state capital has also begun to step up its efforts to go abroad. In? After the economic crisis, countries not only adopted their own government-led economic rescue plans, but also adopted joint rescue to stimulate the overall economic recovery. With many developed countries participate in the group of 20, one-time stimulus money as much as $1 trillion in the UK, and will continue to increase in late, and make sure that at the end of 2010 the amount more than $6 trillion. From here we can see clearly that national capital has begun to flow across borders.

With the development and changes of the economic situation in the post-financial crisis era, global governance also needs to make new adjustments and changes. After the economic crisis, the reform proposals of various countries on financial governance mainly include financial and monetary system, cooperation platform and so on. At the same time, the specific content of financial system regulation also involves all aspects of it. This reflects the demand for financial governance reform in the post-financial crisis era.

Global financial governance refers to the scientific and reasonable management of the efficient operation of the global financial system through the formulation of a sound system. The purpose of this is to ensure the sound operation of the global financial system while promoting the rapid and stable progress of world finance.

With the acceleration of economic globalization and cross-border capital flows, financial security and financial liquidity are important challenges facing international financial governance in the post-financial crisis era. The current bank for international settlements and the international monetary fund for the flow of capital worldwide has a degree of supervision, but because of the own existence certain difference, makes them in the face of the financial problems, there is no way to make a unified response. The large-scale flow of financial capital has both advantages and disadvantages for the financial system. For the former, its flow can stimulate the rational allocation of financial resources. However, if large-scale financial capital flows occur under imperfect market conditions, it is very easy to cause financial crisis.

In the face of financial turmoil and global economic structural imbalance, the negative impact of the financial crisis has led countries to try to accumulate large amounts of foreign exchange reserves in order to seek financial stability. Especially under the financial crisis, emerging economies suffered by the financial turmoil, for financial stability, some emerging economies have signed bilateral currency swap agreements and other economies, some take an active part in the regional financial integration, some turn to the IMF in the financial crisis. Although these measures have played a role in coping with and avoiding the monetary and financial crisis to some extent, they are not really effective direct measures. In particular, a large number of foreign exchange reserves will undoubtedly bring high opportunity costs, which will restrict the economic development of the country to a certain extent and bring about the problem of resource utilization.

How can the international macro policies play its biggest role, thus greatly reduce the spillover effect of key international macro policy, after the financial crisis must be solved in the relevant international financial governance to one of the key challenges.

When the bretton woods system existed, it was easier for countries to adjust their own economic policies because of certain constraints. The system after breaking up in the 1970 s, however, although there will be other some constraints, but there is no strong constraints in this system exists, the world within the scope of the macroeconomic policy effectiveness has fallen dramatically.

Started from the United States financial crisis in 2007, quickly spread around the world, when the U.S. response to the crisis itself some economic regulation and control policy and regulation policy in response to the crisis in our country, to a certain extent, the world's big economies itself macroeconomic policies will be more profound influence on other smaller economies, the policy coordination between them is very important. The G20 is the most important international economic policy coordination mechanism. Although it in 2009 from a certain extent to stimulate the international economy, but on the whole, its role is very limited, and it may become leaders in the developed countries to make false promises of the platform. How to maximize the G20's potential and make it work is a priority for countries around the world facing financial difficulties today. In the past 2016, the fed's interest rate hikes and negative interest rates in some developed countries, together with the change of the RMB exchange rate, have arguably exerted a significant impact on global financial markets. These problems are also the concrete manifestations of international macro-policy adjustment in the post-financial crisis era.

In the post-financial crisis era, as countries around the world study how to develop their economies in the best way, they also begin to focus on relevant issues of international financial governance. Though the financial crisis brought disaster to countries, but also because of the financial crisis, the global financial situation also ushered in the new situation, at the same time, the financial management of the related to face new challenges. In countries around the world, under the active participation of the brics development Banks, investment Banks such as the function of real efforts began to show the world that expresses the emerging economic subject to a certain extent for higher they say, to participate in to improve global financial governance structure, make stronger emerging economic subject initiative. In the face of new challenges, international financial governance needs to respond accordingly.

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