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英国essay代写:International cultural order

2018-08-10 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- International cultural order讨论了国际文化秩序。国际秩序包含充满利益矛盾的国际关系行为体所共同关注和追求的价值目标,是国际文化关系的行为主体基于现实的文化利益分配和理想的文化利益追求,依据一定的制度、准则、规范和机制而形成的相对稳定的国际文化关系。国际文化秩序不是孤立于国际经济秩序和国际政治秩序存在的,而是国际经济和政治秩序的逻辑延伸。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家从参考阅读。

International cultural order,国际文化秩序,essay代写,代写,paper代写

The basic meaning of order is "orderly, not chaotic". Order is often opposite to disorder, disorder, disorder, etc., and it expresses the relatively stable arrangement or layout of the specific relations between things. In social life, order is also used to describe a kind of state that the code of conduct or system aims to achieve. The international order reflects the arrangement and layout of inter-state relations, which refers not only to the norms followed to maintain such relations, but also to the actual situation of the relative stability of international relations. International order is based on a specific pattern to consolidate and maintain the established pattern of a series of international mechanism, standard service, is the main international behavior in mutual contact, mutual exchanges and interaction in the process of dealing with various international, on the basis of the existing international system, according to certain principles, rules and mechanisms, forming an overall is relatively stable, peaceful and orderly state ". International behavior of the relationship between the main body is a complex and multidimensional, international order also contains multiple aspects and multiple levels, state activity basic fields can be roughly divided into economic, political and cultural three aspects, thus reflect the economic, political and cultural relationship between their respective fields of arrangement and layout can be expressed as the international economic order, and the international political order and the international cultural order. The international cultural order is not isolated from the international economic order and the international political order existence, but the logical extension of the international economic and political order. The international order contains the value objectives that the actors in international relations, which are full of conflicts of interest, are concerned about and pursue together, such as peace and development, which makes the international order reflect both the realistic benefit distribution and the ideal benefit pursuit. The international cultural order is a relatively stable international cultural relationship formed by the behavior subject of international cultural relations based on the realistic distribution of cultural interests and the ideal pursuit of cultural interests.

The three dimensions of the international order are not distinct, but three aspects of the same order, which show different focuses in different periods due to the evolution of the international system, the development of national interests and the changes in the modes of competition among countries. After the end of the cold war, globalization speeding up, the competition between national interests and national cultural domain gradually migration, the theme of the international cultural order in a strategic position to show in the international order and become a new frontier in today's international competition, many of the world famous strategist and scholars alike to focus on the international cultural order, Joseph nai "soft power", "interpretation" of Samuel huntington, Francis fukuyama's history "conclusion", all reflect this change.

In today's global technical resources distribution pattern of cultural transmission in the United States held its economic, political, military, science, technology, pop culture, media, language, and many other aspects of the super advantage, as other countries temporarily unable to reach a very strong, have to the world of journalism, culture, media and influence public opinion of the world's super ability. However, big countries such as Britain, France, Germany, Russia, China, India and Japan, by virtue of their respective language, culture, historical and traditional advantages, have the ability to carry out trans-regional news, culture and media communication in the world, partly influencing international public opinion, and are major countries in trans-regional cultural and linguistic communication. The basic structure of today's international cultural order has experienced the sharp division and combination brought by the end of the cold war, and experienced the overwhelming superiority of Europe and the United States to impose new pluralism. Despite the rising status and influence of China and other developing countries in the international cultural order, the basic situation of uneven distribution of technical resources in international cultural communication has not changed.

Nowadays, information resources have become the core strategic resources of national economic strength and international competitiveness. Due to the differences in Internet infrastructure construction and the popularization level of operational technology, there is a huge gap in information resources acquisition capacity, and there is a clear "digital gap". Developed countries, represented by the United States, are leading all the way, with absolute advantages in network information possession, network market share and network hardware construction. More importantly, cultural resources also show a trend of more concentration in a new way. With the deepening development of economic globalization and the universal popularity of market economy, the cultural industry on a global scale presents a trend of integration. The world cultural industry oligarchs are forming, and the communication resources and power are increasingly concentrated in the hands of a few multinational companies. The global media market is currently controlled by a handful of multinationals, including Disney, time warner, aol, SONY and news corp.

Western developed countries, with their strong economic strength and advanced communication technology, dominate the discourse power of global communication and control the power and "valve" of world communication. In terms of information transmission flow, developed countries have an absolute advantage, and their information accounts for more than 76% of the global total. Their culture dominates the culture of developing countries and becomes the main factor for the unbalanced development of cultural ecology.

The few international news agencies in the west have almost monopolized the reporting and circulation of global international news. The flood of news from the western developed countries to the developing countries continues, while the number of news from the developing countries to the developed countries is extremely small and hard to appear in the media of the developed countries. Third world countries are increasingly highly dependent on western communication technology and cultural products, and on the variety of books, magazines and news, movies and TV entertainment they offer. About 85 percent of the foreign films shown in countries around the world are made by Hollywood in the United States, according to UNESCO. Mr Norden and Mr Vallis argue that TV communication is a one-way street, mainly from the us, the UK and France to eastern Europe and Asia, Africa and Latin America.

In today's international spread, the spread of some western capitalist countries use its powerful strength, according to the news values of the west, much to the third world countries and regions of dumping its spirit of "product", and tried to spread through personnel training and spread of technology transfer to the third world include the spread of the capitalist world market and its domination and oppression and exploitation, forming a "spread of imperialism" expansion. Communication imperialism is in essence the extension and manifestation of international power politics and international exploitation thoughts in the international communication field, which has formed an integral part of contemporary capitalist system. By virtue of its advantages in economy, politics, military, communication media and communication technology, the United States exerts direct or indirect influence on the vast developing countries and makes them dependent, thus losing the sovereignty of its communication policy and media as well as the control of communication content.

In order to achieve its political goals, the United States has listed international communication as an important means and a powerful weapon to fight the "gun-free war". In recent years, western countries, represented by the United States, have attached great importance to the "soft power" of media public opinion control. Under the banner of "democracy and freedom", they have stepped up the publicity of public opinion around the world, especially focusing on the ideological penetration of developing countries. For example, in the "color revolution" of central Asian countries such as Georgia, Ukraine and kyrgyzstan, the western media, especially the American media, are particularly active. In the strategy of westernization and differentiation of China, the soft power of western media plays a hard role. In the "smokeless war" represented by the struggle of "soft power", cultural communication has become the political tool of the United States and the west.

One of the major problems of the current cultural communication order is the bias and distortion of cultural information content, especially the serious inauthenticity of international news coverage. Since the coverage of international news is basically monopolized by western transnational news agencies, the vast majority of international news content is selected and compiled according to the political views, economic interests, cultural traditions and news values of western developed countries. Their coverage of the third world is sometimes one-sided, biased, even distorted and untrue.

Western ideology and dominant values centralism are the root of prejudice. They believe that western values are "universal in the world" and use the values they consider universal to guide their judgment on the merits. Thus, the "falun gong", "Taiwan independence", "Tibet independence" and other forces are described as persecuted and compassionate liberals, while the Chinese government is closely linked with the words "China threat theory", "human rights violations" and "autocracy". The differences in ideology and values lead to different positions and facts. China is a socialist country totally different from the west. The fundamental antagonism between China and the west in terms of social system, ideology and values has made China's integration into the international community unacceptable to both the United States and the western public.

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