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essay代写-Education opportunity equalization

2018-08-13 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Education opportunity equalization讨论了教育机会均等化。瑞典著名教育家胡森认为,教育机会均等化应该让人人都有受教育的权利,所有人的入学机会平等。另外受教育的过程也要均等,就是学校提供的条件、设备、教师等方面也要一样。教育均等化是人类为之不懈努力的一个目标,它的内涵也随着社会和教育的发展而不断更新完善。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家从参考阅读。

Education opportunity equalization,教育机会均等化,essay代写,代写,paper代写

With the advancement of China's urbanization, a large number of migrant workers flood into cities every year. According to data released by the national bureau of statistics, the country had 230 million migrant workers in 2010, with 40 percent of those over 30 years old. This means that tens of millions of school-age children have left their rural hometowns and moved to unfamiliar cities, following their parents who have moved to cities. According to statistics, one of the eight children in the town is a migrant child. In megacities like Beijing and Shanghai, one in three children is a migrant. The education problem of these migrant children has become a problem that the whole society must face. Under the same blue sky, migrant children are also the hope of our country tomorrow. The solution of education problem of children of urban floating population in China's urbanization process is conducive to maintaining social stability, unity, fairness and justice.

According to the famous Swedish educator hu sen, education equalization of opportunity has the following three meanings: That everyone has the right to be education, all have equal access to school. Process equalization refers to the similar level of conditions, equipment and teachers provided by the school. Equal outcomes ensure that every student has a chance to succeed. The implementation of education equality of opportunity requires the society to provide the same amount and quality of education to every member, regardless of nationality, gender, social background, family background and individual conditions, so that every member can receive education equally and everyone has the opportunity to obtain the same social status, occupation and income.

Education equalization is a goal that human beings make unremitting efforts for, and its connotation is constantly updated and improved with the development of society and education. However, education equality of opportunity is only an ideal at present. Under realistic conditions, it is not practical to completely achieve equality of starting point, process and result. However, we cannot therefore deny the equality of opportunity of education. In view of China's national conditions and the practical problems that need to be solved, we should take the equality of opportunity of education as the basis to solve the inequalities of opportunity of children caused by differences between urban and rural areas. Children with different economic, social, cultural and social environments have unequal opportunities. Children have an unequal opportunity to realize their potential.

The purpose of social development is to be shared by all and benefit all. The promotion of basic education equalization of opportunity is the inevitable choice to achieve this objective. Rousseau once said, "education is a great tool to achieve social justice". The right to education is a fundamental right granted to citizens by China's constitution. The report of the 17th national congress of the communist party of China clearly proposes that priority should be given to developing education and building a strong country in human resources. The realization of education equity is directly related to the embodiment of social justice and the stability of the harmonious society.

The economic foundation determines the superstructure. In the context of economic globalization, the competition between countries is the most direct manifestation of economic competition. Facing the impact of the global financial crisis, many Chinese enterprises are facing unprecedented challenges. In the face of fierce international competition and challenges, the fundamental solution for Chinese enterprises is to improve the core competitiveness of products through technological transformation and vigorously promote industrial upgrading. And all of this, the most need is not money, not resources, not environment, but talent. Education equalization of opportunities can improve the overall quality of the whole people and provide strong intellectual support and talent guarantee for international competition and social development, which is an inevitable requirement for the realization of scientific development concept.

The right to education is a basic right of citizens, promoting fairness of education, which concerns the vital interests of the people. Education can enrich our mind. The cultural knowledge and basic skills we learn through education are the stepping stones for us to make a living in the job market and essential conditions for us to contribute our strength to the social economy. When talking about the population quality of our country, always with "overall quality is low" such word will describe, this basically is to point to rural population and urban floating population. In addition to policy and social environment factors, the lack of education is the root cause of low population quality. Overall quality is not high, labor force is much, also be the reason that our country becomes the world factory. Our country city floating population always struggles in the hardest, the most basic work post, but is taking the meager wages which barely maintains the basic life. In the knowledge economy society, the decisive factor to improve the welfare of the poor is the improvement of population quality and the increase of knowledge. By accepting education, social mobility can be promoted and the floating population has the opportunity to move to the upper level of society, so as to achieve people's prosperity and improve people's livelihood.

To promote education fair, break between different subjects, the differences between regions, between urban and rural, equal education opportunity, can promote the improvement of people's education, promote the improvement of people's moral standards, mutual understanding and tolerance, help bridge the gap between the people, share the outcome of the economic development, is conducive to social stability and justice.

Since the 1980s, with China's economic system changing from planned economy to market economy, the ability of township enterprises to accept labor force has become increasingly weak, while urban economy has been booming, and a large number of rural labor force has turned to urban labor market. Since the 1990s, the floating population in China has become "family-oriented", and the problem of school attendance of floating population's children has also emerged. According to the law of the People's Republic of China on compulsory education, China's obligation education implements the provisions of "local responsibility and hierarchical management". Children who do not have a domicile or leave the place of domicile can hardly receive the same chance of receiving education in the place of residence. After the migrant children follow their parents to move to the new city, there is no urban hukou, so the education funds in the inflow area do not include their education expenses, and the outflow area cannot provide education funds for them, so there is an awkward situation of difficult schooling. Education has limited resources. In the case that local school-age children can receive education, there is no greater ability to solve education problem of migrant children. Even if some migrant children can be accepted, high "borrowing costs" and "sponsorship fees" are sky-high burden for migrant workers. In this context, many private schools for migrant children have emerged. However, these schools have poor facilities, high safety risks, large workload of teachers, low pay, and even some schools do not have school qualifications. These schools cannot guarantee the education quality of migrant children.

The large-scale influx of floating population, impacting on the existing resources of the city, is testing the government's ruling ability. In 2001, the state council's decision on reform and development of basic education established the principle of "mainly in the area of inflow, mainly in public schools" to solve the problem of children of floating population being subject to education, and solved the embarrassing situation of who is in charge of the government in the area of inflow and outflow for a long time. The new compulsory education act of 2006 clarifies the responsibilities of the government in the area of immigration in education. This is a good effort of our government to face up to the education problem of migrant children and try to solve it. However, we must see that the new compulsory education law still continues the "nearby enrollment" regulation, which means that the household registration system is still the biggest constraint for migrant children to receive education. Although the responsibility of the government of the destination area is clarified, it cannot fundamentally solve the education problem that migrant children face.

Since the 17th national congress of the CPC, the CPC central committee has paid special attention to social justice and raised the issue of social justice to a strategic level. With the rapid development of China's urbanization process, the gap between urban and rural areas has further widened, and a series of social inequities have emerged. Regional education development imbalance, urban and rural education development imbalance, different subjects education development imbalance and other issues are increasingly prominent. The education problem of floating children is the central manifestation of the injustice of education at present.

First, migrant children have unequal access to school. Public schools in the region have high barriers to entry, leaving migrant workers with meager salaries far behind. Private migrant schools are substandard, the quality of education cannot keep up, and are banned by the local government. Not long ago, Beijing closed a batch of private migrant schools when the school was about to open. Although the local government arranged some public schools to accept these migrant children, but this is only a drop in the ocean, for the large number of migrant children are far from enough. While the current education system cannot be fundamentally changed, the government should not simply ban migrant schools, but should guide and supervise them.

Secondly, the process of children receiving education is not equal. Even if some migrant children attend public schools, they are not accepted because of their migrant status, and some schools, teachers and classmates discriminate against them. Being ignored, being ignored, all of these can cast a shadow in the heart of the floating child. In 2010, a school in hongshan district, wuhan city, organized a survey to understand the psychological status of migrant children. According to the survey, among 1000 floating children, the detection rate of psychological problems is as high as 30%. Is it possible to grow up in such an environment that they still have a healthy heart? Still have an inclusive and charitable heart for society?

Third, education results for migrant children are not equal. Families of mobile children are more mobile. They often follow their parents from one city to another. It is difficult for them to study seriously in regular schools. After nine years of compulsory education, the graduation rate and enrollment rate of migrant children are far lower than that of urban children of the same age due to economic and family values. These children cannot complete the most basic national basic education, the most direct performance will affect their future social economic income, in the long run, will affect the overall quality of the Chinese nation.

Solving the education problem of migrant children is a big project, which requires the participation of all sectors of society to carry out systematic and systematic planning and construction.

In our country, the education of school-age children mainly implements the principle of taking hukou as the basis and going to school nearby. The education funds for school-age children are allocated by the state according to the number of children registered under local government jurisdiction. In fact, we can learn from the experience of the United States, combined with China's actual situation, flexible use.

The education voucher in the United States is the government's conversion of education funds into a certain amount of securities, and then these securities are distributed to each student's parents, parents can use these education vouchers to choose any school for their children, and not subject to regional restrictions. Schools can cash in on their collective education vouchers. Education vouchers combine the training funds of students in the compulsory education stage with the individual students, making education funds flow with students. The practice of education vouchers also enables schools to compete with each other. In order to attract students, the quality of education must be improved continuously.

With the development of China's economy and the acceleration of urbanization, floating population has become an indispensable group in the city. We should face up to this problem and make migrant children receive good education in cities, which is of positive significance for children's own growth, national development, social stability and long-term stability.

According to the survey, 30% of floating children in cities have mental health problems. There are many reasons for this problem. On the one hand, parents are busy with their work and lack of time to communicate with their children. Most of the floating children are doing their own work regardless of their life and study. On the other hand, the city lacks the spirit of inclusion, making migrant children feel that they do not belong to this prosperous city, and it is difficult to make friends with urban children. Many migrant children feel inferior, introverted and lack confidence in themselves. Therefore, we need to change this situation from the urban environment.

Now that the floating population has become a member of our city, we need to make the city more inclusive and make the floating population feel the warmth of the city and the warmth of home. Our current urban system is lack of inclusiveness. The inclusiveness of the system is to readjust the pattern of interest distribution, which will inevitably affect the interests of some urban residents. But we have to think about the many good benefits of the urban natives, some of which are created by the mobile population. Why don't we care more about our welfare creators? In terms of adjusting the pattern of interest distribution, the government needs great courage and determination. The government should see that the inclusiveness of urban system is of great benefit to the long-term development of cities. Local people can actively participate in social competition; It can absorb excellent talents from the whole society; It can make the city more harmonious and beautiful.

Solving the problem of migrant children education is a big problem related to the strategic development of the country's long-term development. It is a long and arduous road for the country to guarantee the right to education of migrant children from the perspective of system and strategy. All sectors of our society should actively participate in and pay attention to these flowers in our motherland.

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