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Essay代写:Reform of administrative examination and approval

2018-08-14 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Reform of administrative examination and approval,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了行政审批的改革。如今,行政审批的很多项目缺乏监督,很容易给寻租提供空间,所以行政审批必须尽快完善。行政审批制度的改革,实际上是政府管理权力和责任的配置改革。权力和责任对称,层级之间,领导和一线工作人员之间关系明确,权力和责任完整,那么寻租的空间,从制度上来说,就会大大下降,行政审批制度改革,也就落实到位了。

administrative examination,行政审批,英国代写,essay代写,论文代写

From the perspective of the relationship between the government and the market and society, the government should not examine and approve everything, but only the matters related to public interests. Moreover, it is not the general and abstract examination and approval without specific content, but the specific and specific examination and approval

The reform of the administrative examination and approval system, even now, has not been fully implemented. Many examination and approval procedures, such as project approval, need to be removed. In practice, project approval often requires a process, and business opportunities do not treat others. If the approval is first and then the business opportunity is lost. So, in fact, it all works like this: you start the project, you approve it and you start it at the same time, and once it's approved, it's almost operational. In this case, approval needs to be obtained as soon as possible in order to carry out the project better. At this point, the government official in charge of approval has the space to seek rent. For responsible officials, they speed up approval services. But for irresponsible officials, there is an opportunity for rent-seeking. Therefore, such project approval is actually unnecessary. Just evaluate the project and meet some requirements. In this process, what the government should do is to make the project meet relevant requirements, such as the requirements of environmental assessment, and the requirements of fire control, instead of just giving the approval of qualified or unqualified.

Many of the administrative approval projects lack oversight and can easily provide space for rent-seeking. For example, for a construction project, the problem is the volume rate. After the reform of the examination and approval system, the submission of application materials and the operation of the examination and approval process, there are very standard rules, but in these seemingly standard rules, many rules are virtually empty, just look good. For example, the hall of administrative examination and approval has a supervision mechanism and a complaint mechanism, but enterprises generally do not complain, because once the complaint is made, the complaint may be successful, but the project fails. What is needed is not ineffective and formalized supervision, but real consumer supervision. Therefore, what should be done at this time is not the specification and supervision of the approval process, but the openness and transparency of the approval results themselves.

Administrative approval should be delegated to positions at the grassroots level, with power and responsibility. Nowadays, the power of administrative examination and approval is often allocated not to front-line staff, but to leaders at all levels. The leader is not in the front line, then, the administrative examination and approval center is often registered, but do not see a doctor, even if see a doctor, also not really see a doctor. The front-line staff does not have the right of review and approval, and the leaders who do not have the right of review and approval. The various service procedures and supervision arrangements set up in the hall of administrative examination and approval are bound to be in the form. Front-line workers have a lot of experience and knowledge, but they have no access to it. Leaders in the rear, but can be their own limited contact to review and approve at will. As a result, the organization of administrative examination and approval often serves the purpose of the leader rather than the customer. Therefore, the examination and approval according to law can easily get caught in the whirlpool of approval according to the will of the leader, and the interest chain of rent-seeking is woven again.

At this point, what should be done is that leaders can have power, but must have the post of approval. The relationship between the leader and the front-line staff is that the front-line staff has the highest approval authority within a specific scope, and the leadership post can also have the highest approval authority within a specific scope, or the right of review. But once the right to review and review is set up on the procedure, the front-line work is auxiliary and the responsibility is the leader.

The position of examination and approval authority, the clear division of power and responsibility among posts, and the mutual relations form a procedural relationship, can restrain the arbitrariness of examination and approval authority and reduce its rent-seeking space.

The reform of administrative examination and approval system needs many physical measures. Many local administrative examination and approval halls have achieved the concept of equality and equal facilities between customers and civil servants. However, the concept of equality, equal facilities, into an equal pattern, but still very difficult. Here, civil servants, even if they call themselves waiters, are still civil servants. Even if they call themselves public servants, people will only serve them, rather than let them serve the people. So it's actually a culture. Whether administrative approval is power rent-seeking or public service, it is obvious to civil servants that they will not consider themselves power rent-seeking and are providing public services. However, how to truly become a public service cannot be solved by any measures. For thousands of years, the culture of officialdom seems to have developed the culture of power rent-seeking rather than the culture of public service. It's impossible to turn physical facilities, institutional design, legal provisions, into a culture of public service. If the allocation of approval authority, the arrangement of physical facilities, can also be concrete efforts, the transformation of culture, but need to wait for years.

Of course, in the modern society with marketization, globalization and highly mobile population, the old culture is rapidly disappearing and the new culture is rapidly developing. We can see that in the eastern region with high marketization level, close participation in globalization and relatively high level of population migration, people's pursuit and view of power are undergoing great changes.

Obviously, in the case of the intervention of non-standard leadership power and non-standard superior power, the interest chain of rent-seeking will be irregularly extended, more intertwined and intricate, and it will be more difficult to cut it down. In this case, the most obvious thing to do is to ban the intervention of leadership authority, which is a drastic measure, but it's actually not feasible. Because a leader is a leader after all, he must intervene in the front line of approval in the procedure, so, what should be done is not prohibition, but regulation. For example, for the approval of a project, the leader can make a phone call, give his or her advice, but explain the reason and fill in the corresponding documents to show that their opinions are serious and formal. The responsibility of the front-line staff is still its own, that is, the leader's opinion can be used as a reference, but once approved, the leader's opinion is still only a reference, in addition to mistakes, the responsibility is still the front-line staff. In this way, the powers and responsibilities are symmetrical and can be openly supervised.

Therefore, the reform of the administrative examination and approval system is actually a reform of the allocation of government management power and responsibility. From the perspective of the relationship between the government and the market and society, the government should not examine and approve everything, but only the matters related to public interests. Moreover, it is not the general and abstract examination and approval without specific content, but the specific and specific examination and approval. From the perspective of the internal operation of the government, the relationship between the power and responsibility of governments at all levels and the position power and responsibility of leaders and front-line examiners is directly related to the normal operation of the examination and approval authority and the size of rent-seeking space. The balance between power and responsibility, the clear relationship between leadership and front-line staff, and the integrity of power and responsibility, then the space for rent-seeking will be greatly reduced from the institutional point of view, and the reform of administrative examination and approval system will be put in place.

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