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essay代写-Power corruption

2018-11-07 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Power corruption讨论了权力腐败。权力腐败是社会的毒瘤。只有遏制权力的腐败,才可以降低社会的成本。从经济学的角度分析,权力腐败主要取决于腐败者对腐败成本和腐败收益的权衡。当腐败收益远远大于腐败成本时,腐败就会滋生蔓延;腐败收益等于或小于腐败成本时,腐败现象就会得到遏制。通过成本收益分析,制定出增加腐败成本和降低腐败收益的方法,让腐败者在腐败上享受不到任何收益,进而减少腐败现象。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

Power corruption,权力腐败,essay代写,代写,paper代写

The scarcity of resources and rational economic man is the premise of economics. The economic foundation of corruption is just the embodiment of this hypothesis: power, as a kind of resource, is in the hands of a few people and thus has its scarcity; And the corrupt party has the ability to weigh the profit loss and make the corrupt behavior, thus conforms to the rational economic man's hypothesis. The scarcity of resources and the demand for scarce resources determine the value of scarce resources. When faced with the temptation of huge benefits, people who hold the power may have a strong desire for corruption. Pareto believes that economic man is always comparing his marginal utility and pursuing the maximization of his own interests. In order to maximize their own interests, an economic person may take advantage of loopholes in legal systems and policies at the expense of scarce resources under his control and practice favoritism. In order to obtain the best interests, officials must also measure the relationship between benefits and costs before making corrupt decisions. When they believe that the benefits of corruption outweigh the costs, they commit corruption.

The cost of corruption is mainly reflected in the period after being exposed and subject to legal sanctions. There are mainly restrictions on personal freedom, confiscation of corrupt proceeds and fines, loss of personal reputation and so on. This sanction can be taken as the cost of sanctions K1. Of course, after the corrupt is found, their various normal wages and various guarantees provided by the government are also removed, which should be regarded as K2. In addition, the revelation of corruption is closely related to the perfection and supervision of social legal system and the direction of social public opinion, so it can be taken as the cost component of corruption, and the process can be taken as the cost of corruption discovery, expressed by probability P.

The benefits of corruption are often manifold. Most notably, corruption provides rent M1 as a rent-seeking phenomenon. Obviously the bigger the rent, the bigger the benefit of the corrupt. Of course, the benefits are also reflected in the utility of the corrupt individual. Some corrupt people are caused by the economic difficulties of individual families and individuals to satisfy certain desires and other factors, and the satisfaction process of this utility can also be taken as its benefit, which is M2. Moreover, if corruption were to get away with it, it would still enjoy its inherent wages and social security, which should be treated as a gain of M3. These benefits are based on the fact that corruption is not discovered. Assuming the analysis of results, once corruption is discovered, its benefits will disappear.

Cost benefit is an important factor in determining whether possible corruption occurs. The cost-benefit analysis of economic behavior is: when the cost is less than the benefit, economic behavior occurs; When costs exceed benefits, they do not occur. Corruption is similar.

When Q>C is used, that is, the higher the rent provided by corruption, the greater the expected utility of the corrupt, and the lower the supervision of legal public opinion, the more likely the corruption will occur.

When Q QC, that is, the corrupt believes that the expected return is less than or equal to the risk they take, then the corruption will not happen. Defeat, can raise corrupt cost, reduce corrupt profit. Judging from the composition of costs and benefits, increasing the supervision of law and the disclosure of public opinions, increasing the punishment of corruption, reducing the effectiveness of corrupt people to corrupt behavior, and increasing the proportion of labor remuneration of corrupt people can all control the occurrence of corruption to some extent.

Increase the cost of corruption by increasing the probability of disclosure. Establish a sound legal system and improve legal efficiency. Strengthen law enforcement, improve the anti-corruption capacity of discipline inspection departments, improve the detection rate of corruption cases related to law enforcement, increase the cost of corruption through the detection rate, so that the expected effectiveness of corrupt reduced. And improve the efficient anti-corruption institutions, give them independent investigation, arrest, prosecution, so that they have a strong independence. On the one hand, such measures can make some corrupt people abandon corruption because they feel that they can be found and punished at any time. The "cost" is too high and the risk is too high. On the other hand, it can reduce the administrative cost of the overlapping anti-corruption agencies in China, so that the same efforts can achieve more and better anti-corruption results. At the same time, make full use of media publicity means to encourage whistleblowing and exposure. The mass media, such as newspapers, radio, television, billboards and the Internet, have the characteristics of fast information transmission and wide range of coverage, exposing corruption cases, increasing the psychological burden of those who may corrupt, giving them a sense of additional costs, thus increasing the cost of corruption.

Increased penalties for corrupt people to increase the cost of sanctions for corruption K1. We should increase the intensity of punishment and amend the articles that are not conducive to fighting against corruption in the law. If the provisions of the law are clear, everyone should be equal before the law and punishment should not vary from person to person. In particular, the intensity of economic punishment should be increased, not only by the full recovery of illegal gains, but also by heavy fines. Those who fail to pay the fines should be compensated by heavier penalties, and those who fail should not be allowed to obtain the financial benefits. The corrupt should be judged and disclosed publicly, and efforts should be made to create a social atmosphere against corruption. Through these measures to increase the various costs of corruption subject, so that it is too high cost prohibitive. The cost of corruption is an important measure to measure the severity of corruption punishment.

The establishment of a reasonable benefit mechanism can appropriately increase the inherent salary and social security as incentives. The international consensus is that low salaries can lead to corruption. Some countries with better economic conditions implement the policy of high salary and honesty have positive significance. China's economy is still in a developing state, and it is still difficult to raise wages significantly. Moreover, it may widen the gap between the rich and the poor and lead to uneven distribution. However, China can provide special assistance to individual people for their economic difficulties, find out their economic difficulties in a timely manner, and reasonably help them solve problems, so as to reduce the probability of corruption caused by economic difficulties.

Strengthen the idea of education, change the cognition of corruption, reduce the additional benefit for satisfying individual subjective utility. Different perceptions of things lead to different behavioral outcomes. It is of positive significance to establish high moral standards and reject the correct view of corruption in promoting clean administration and anti-corruption. The strengthening of professional ethics will reduce the probability of agents engaging in corruption for their own profit motive and change people's perception of corruption. At present, eating, bribing and taking bribes are prevalent in Chinese social communication. It is impossible to reduce the probability of corruption without changing this decadent concept. It is necessary to break away the old emphasis on the role of people in the process of social affairs and set up a new concept of attention to system and procedure.

Behind any corruption lies the tradeoff of economic interests and the corrupter's own pursuit of utility. Through the analysis of the cost and benefit of economic students, we can roughly find the relationship between the cost of corruption and the benefit and the occurrence of corruption, and then we can use the principle of increasing the cost of corruption and reducing the benefit of corruption and adopt specific methods to curb the occurrence of corruption. In the fourth plenary session of the 18th CPC central committee, the CPC central committee stressed the strategy of ruling the country according to law and gradually increased the crackdown on corruption. All of these have increased the cost of corruption and had a certain effect on the reduction of corruption. However, the occurrence of corruption is mixed with a lot of economic theories, which should be studied from different theories to gradually establish and improve the anti-corruption mechanism.

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