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Essay代写:community vocational education

2019-05-18 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- community vocational education,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国社区职业教育。职业教育是美国社区学院教育的重点,其目的是使学生掌握更多的专门知识和专项技能,为将来顺利就业打下基础,也为社区企业、工商业、行政管理、服务业和其他行业培养适用人才。因此,美国社区学院特别强调实际技能训练,重视实践能力、动手能力、操作能力的培养,而不强调理论水平的高低。

vocational education,美国社区职业教育,英国代写,英国论文代写,essay代写

As an important part of the American education system, community colleges in the United States were established in the years of President Kennedy to provide convenient and inexpensive vocational education for high school graduates. Currently, community colleges in the United States enroll more than 1 million students every year, including international students. In addition to regular enrollment, it also provides short-term skills training and public project learning, including English, skills retraining and social and cultural activities.

Community colleges provide excellent teaching facilities, which are mainly interactive teaching and learning promotion. For students with low language proficiency, community colleges can help them integrate into the school's learning and living environment more quickly.

The functions of American community colleges include transfer education, vocational education, general education, compensatory education and community education.

Community colleges offer students the first two years of college. Community colleges have transfer agreements with many universities, including some elite ones. Universities recognize the credits of community colleges. As long as students have completed the corresponding credits, they can be transferred to four-year universities to continue the courses of the third and fourth years. After completing the credits, they can get the bachelor's degree. Through this channel, the cost of university education is relatively low. For students with excellent academic performance, it provides them with an opportunity to transfer to a first-class comprehensive university for further study. It also provides a good platform for students who want to go to famous universities but fail to meet the requirements of famous universities for certain conditions.

Vocational education is the focus of community college education. Its purpose is to enable students to master more specialized knowledge and skills, lay the foundation for future employment, and cultivate suitable talents for community enterprises, industry and commerce, administrative management, service industry and other industries. Therefore, American community colleges especially emphasize practical skills training, attach importance to the cultivation of practical ability, hands-on ability and operational ability, and do not emphasize the level of theory. In general, the teaching hours of professional practice courses account for about 60% of the total teaching hours, and the part-time practice teaching of enterprises is responsible for it. Students must participate in production labor regularly according to the regulations, and report back to school regularly during the internship to ensure the effect of practice teaching.

Continuing education community college is to provide the most flexibility and range of services, such as public welfare activities, cultural diffusion, religious courses and activities, including the opening of a personal computer, social classes, staff training, professor of such as flower arranging art, diet, cooking, sports, drama production, health fairs and community BBS or vehicle maintenance and repair, etc., and even information technology training, health seminars or emergency medical treatment, etc. In addition, community colleges to carry out academic counselling, career counseling, individual employment counseling, for to complete degree students to convey information, career planning, business contract, economic aid and other services, through all the activities to enrich and meet the demand of community college service area by the people's life, so that the people just want to study in the community can find the right place.

In the United States, many people, because of poverty, discrimination, poor language skills, religious beliefs, and other reasons, do not have the ability to compete for highly skilled jobs as adults and lack the skills to re-enter the rapidly changing labor market. Community colleges have the conditions and responsibility to help and solve this employment crisis, that is, to provide compensatory education. Heuristic education, also known as remedial education, is provided to help students improve their academic level, so that they have the ability to participate in undergraduate level courses or acquire the ability required by the job, improve their skills and thus obtain further room for improvement.

The original intention of the community college is to serve the community and cultivate applied technical talents for the community, so as to promote the economic development of the community and serve the people in the community. To rely on community economy and rapid development, many community colleges have close cooperation with local enterprises, take the initiative to provide the community with the community characteristics of the vocational technical training, design and provide courses can help quickly acquire skills certificate, employment, education targeted strong, effectively improve the effect of talent cultivation.

In order to meet the needs of different students, American community colleges adopt different methods of school roll processing, such as granting certificates, diplomas and associate degrees. The teaching mode is flexible and flexible, and there is no unified talent training program. There are day classes, night classes, weekend classes and non - weekend classes. Some courses also adopt a round-robin system, offering the same course from morning to night every day, and students are free to choose their class time.

Community colleges are all small-class teaching, with an average class size of less than 30 people, which is convenient for teaching and interaction. In addition, all courses are taught by full-time teachers or part-time social teachers, and graduate teaching assistants in comprehensive universities do not appear. In addition to screens and whiteboards, desks are arranged in a v-shaped or u-shaped arrangement, so that each student and the teacher can look at each other closely, which is convenient for teaching interaction and classroom quality control.

The teaching materials used in class are in the form of cd-rom and loose-leaf. Teachers are encouraged to compile their own teaching materials, and the teaching contents are not affected by the publishing cycle, so as to adapt to the development of society and technology.

Teachers in the process of teaching questions or collective tests, as students usually record the results, most of the questions are required to use a selective answer through the answering machine to answer, students each an answering machine, before class by students to the designated place to get. The answering machine is numbered so that it can be used as a time recorder and record students' performance in class.

The school has many vocational certification training, academic education combined with vocational certification training at the same time. For example, American rivers college offers two vocational certificate training programs for automobile plastic surgery and automobile body beauty. Students can choose to get a job after obtaining one of the two certificates, or they can continue to participate in the training to obtain the second certificate, or they can choose to continue to study for the degree of associate degree. The major of diesel engine and its application enables students to obtain two professional certificates of diesel engine manufacturing and diesel engine repair. In addition to learning diesel engine maintenance technology, students can also learn to make diesel oil with wheat stalk, corn stalk, bagasse and other plants.

Community college in many professional course adopts project teaching, project can come from the engineering practice, also can be used in a simulation project, convenient theory practice integration teaching, professional basic and professional content to teach, as well as the senior students' spare time, through more than two years of study, the corresponding course, exam qualification can be awarded the corresponding vocational certificate and degree certificate. This is our country at present discusses in the higher vocational connection is worth the reference place.

Community colleges implement open education and individualized teaching of various courses of vocational education. Students can no longer accept the traditional classroom teaching with teachers as the main part. It is the biggest characteristic of American community college teaching method that students can study independently and arrange their study time according to their own needs. For example, the city university of New York's school of science and technology has created the center for mechatronics innovation and design for students majoring in mechatronics. In this well-equipped and relatively casual environment, it can be felt that American education attaches great importance to cultivating students' innovation consciousness and ability as well as team spirit, and young American students have a strong desire for innovation.

Design and production of equipment used to small and medium - sized, a very complete variety. For example: lathe, milling machine, cutting machine, grinder, polishing machine, testing platform, welding machine, etc., more advanced 3D printer and high pressure water cutting machine. In addition, still have workbench, data ark, design to wait with the computer. The design innovation center is mainly located in a relatively large interior space, which realizes functional partition and group isolation through the layout design of equipment and facilities.

Design and production project topics for more complex electromechanical integration works, by a number of professional teachers and students jointly completed. For example, for a tank with a high degree of automation, the mechanical part is designed and manufactured by students majoring in machinery, the control hardware part is designed and manufactured by students majoring in electronics, and the control software part is designed and manufactured by students majoring in information, and finally the joint installation and debugging are carried out. The complicated design and production process of electromechanical integration products makes students full of interest, and they learn knowledge of different professional fields and sense of collaboration in the process of mutual assistance.

Innovation center has a strict standard of topics, not too much as participants are middle school students and to reduce the difficulty, in order to ensure the high school students can finish the moderately complex electromechanical integration work, college students in college students direction of daily activities, and assign a mentor to guide the whole project design, form a mentor innovation team with college students, college students with high school students.

Higher vocational colleges should understand their own characteristics, insight into their own advantages, scientific orientation, can be in combination with the practical situation of colleges, to be adapt to and meet the area industry, business and community residents' learning needs, with the new field, new requirements and the formation of the generated or eliminated some professional, follow the market changes and set up the course, make the need of talents in higher vocational colleges cultivate the society. Only when they meet the needs of the society, promote the economic and social development, and become an indispensable part of the social development, can higher vocational education obtain the tenacious vitality.

On the one hand, higher vocational colleges are employment-oriented and aim to serve the society. They also need to learn from the characteristics of American community colleges in serving the community. On the other hand, curriculum setting should be the focus of school education reform, and students should have a keen insight into the changes in the market, so as to adjust professional courses and make the setting of majors and courses flexible, scientific, practical and forward-looking.

Higher vocational education must face the world, through teacher's international communication, international exchange, international students scientific research cooperation and so on multi-channel, multi-level exchanges and cooperation, full use of the national vocational education, in the education teaching and management, into the international advanced education idea, make higher vocational education in our country to accept the international education and recognition, it is effective to promote higher vocational education important way towards the international advanced level. In addition, you can in the construction of key colleges and universities to carry out international cooperation and exchanges, explore five years a coherent system of international undergraduate course, i.e., 1 year, domestic foreign community college for two years, with the domestic college diploma and associate degree abroad certificate, students with excellent grades will continue to be studied for two years, to the comprehensive university with international bachelor degree and a bachelor's degree. At present, the enrollment target of many American community colleges has been aimed at the international market, and some of them have enrolled students in mainland China. Therefore, the international cooperation and exchange of higher vocational colleges have become a trend of the internationalization of higher vocational education.

Community colleges are an important part of the American education system. In the process of development, they have formed their distinctive characteristics in the mode of running schools. Community colleges have been recognized by the society, parents and students.

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