欢迎来到51Due,请先 | 注册
关注我们: 51due论文代写二维码 51due论文代写平台微博
英国论文代写,英国essay代写知名品牌微信

Essay代写范文

为您解决留学中生活、学习、工作的困难、疑惑
释放自我

英国essay代写:Fromm 's psychology

2019-08-19 | 来源:51Due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Fromm 's psychology讨论了弗洛姆的心理学观。弗洛姆在研究心理异化问题时,试图秉承马克思的人道主义精神,但是弗洛姆的人道主义是不完全的人道主义,带有抽象性特征。弗洛姆的心理异化思想的确以人的发展为主要目标,人道主义是弗洛姆心理异化理论的主要指导思想。其次,这种人道主义带有明显的价值评价优于历史评价的特征,没有将历史评价贯彻到底。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

Fromm 's psychology,弗洛姆的心理学观,essay代写,代写,paper代写

With the development of society, the research movement of western neo-marxism has been heating up quietly. Since the 1930s, many schools of psychological research tending to marxism have emerged in western psychology. Fromm is one of the members of Frankfurt school. He studies marxist thought on the basis of freudian psychoanalysis theory and insists on studying human psychology with humanistic and social science methods. Created the famous theory of alienation, social character theory and so on.

With the movement of neo-marxism, there are many schools of marxism research in western psychology. For example, marxism of psychoanalysis and humanistic psychology of marxism. The emergence of marxist orientation in western psychological thought highlights the influence of marxist thought and its guiding position to the development of psychological discipline, and further illustrates the significant impact of marxism on the whole society and human development. As one of the key figures of Frankfurt school, fromm believed that "marxism is the key to our understanding of history, to some extent, just like the basic humanistic thought of human future predicted in the old testament." "Marxist humanitarian thought aims to bring out man's various potentials through social movements and transformation. Marx is concerned with the development of mankind as a whole, and his goal is to liberate people from the domination of material interests in reality, and free people from their own labor and their own prison cage, which is the ultimate goal of marxism. Fromm tried to explore the social background of human psychological alienation, the solution, the unconscious mind and the role of human character in social development from a micro perspective.

Frome affirmed the Freud's psychoanalysis, but think although psychoanalysis also contains social cultural critique, but only one aspect, the thought of Freud's biological subconscious mind is just as a static object study, people ignore the participation of individual and social influence, such as the crisis of the psychoanalysis in her books "in the other side of the chain fantasy - I understand Marx and Freud" Freud thought contribution and limitation of elaborated his own views and theories.

Fromm points out in beyond the chains of illusion -- Marx and Freud as I understand them -- that Marx thought much deeper and farther than freudian psychoanalysis. He believed that Marx linked the economic, social and ideological conditions to enable us to scientifically understand the general law of human history. In Marx's humanitarian spirit, human liberation is a core concept throughout his theory. Fromm believed that Marx took the emancipation of human beings as the goal of the ideal society, and human personality was displayed and developed in this process. In beyond the chains of illusion -- my understanding of Marx and Freud, fromm argues that there are many imperfections in marxist thought, which cannot solve the problems of capitalism and socialist countries a hundred years later. He believed that the destinies of both Freud and Marx needed to be modified, perfected and completely changed.

Marx believed that labor, as the life activity itself, should be a free and conscious activity, but in fact, human labor deviates from the human nature under the capitalist system. Everyone is in a deformed state of alienated labor, this beautiful life activities, but has become the main means of workers to maintain their lives. Marx believed that human alienation existed in the productive labor they engaged in, so he started from the material production of human beings, and capitalist private ownership was the root of alienated labor. Fromm, on the other hand, believes that alienation is a psychological problem. Individuals regard themselves as an object. In self-experience and reflection, we become estranged from ourselves, unable to experience that we are the center of our own world and the creator of our own actions. The study of fromm's theory of alienation has extended alienation from the fields of economy, politics and culture to the field of psychology. Fromm believed that alienated people have a sense of things and common sense, but do not feel the value of their own existence and their connection with the outside world. He is detached from himself as he is from others, he is experiencing himself as an object to others. In Marx's theory of alienation, there are four main forms of alienation. The first is the alienation between products and workers, the alienation between workers and labor, the alienation between human nature and people, and the alienation between people. Marx's theory of alienation mainly expounds the various forms of alienation in capitalist society. Although alienation is an existing phenomenon with a long history, it has its particularity in capitalist society. Marx's theory of alienation about man, the purpose is accused of capitalism evil, although in a short period of capitalism created humans developed science and technology, created the capitalist industrial civilization, but the revolution of science and technology brings to the society progress at the same time, also make the human life world sank into the serious economic crisis and moral crisis. Therefore, alienation is not only a social problem, but also a moral and psychological problem.

Different from Freud's instinct theory, fromm believed that the dominant personality should be the result of certain social and economic conditions. People's character formation is often exaggerated and influenced by family, society and culture. "The unity of man's society and individual is assured in the entity called character, which unifies these two aspects." Fromm believed that human's social character has a certain transformation effect on the society and economic structure, and it is an important factor that plays an intermediary role between the economic foundation and the superstructure. Different characters determine different survival modes and value orientations. Fromm investigated personality traits from the relationship between people and society, which further enriched Freud's theory and put people's personality into the broad social background to investigate and analyze.

Frome mainly analyzes the social background, psychological characteristics, the causes of the formation of personality, as well as the formation characteristics and conditions in the process of different personality, to person's personality in his theory of personality structure character of dominant tendencies in presence of originality for standard could be divided into two types of personality types, tended to the original character and the original character. When analyzing the personality types of people in the society, fromm tried to apply Marx's view that social existence determines social consciousness and economic foundation determines superstructure, but he emphasized that rationality and truth influence people and the whole society, and finally fell into idealism. He believed that Marx saw the role of productive forces in social development and proposed that certain economic basis determines certain superstructure. But there is no link between the economic base and the superstructure. Therefore, he believes that social character theory can play an intermediary role between the economic base and the superstructure. The economic base influences the superstructure through social character, and the superstructure influences the social structure through social character.

Anyhow, frome marxism is certainly a world history significance, affirms the unique role of Marx's thought, he put the individual psychology in the broad economic, political and cultural social environment, try to be in modern society as most of the people as the research object, fromm's research under the background of the economic structure of capitalism in the corresponding to the specific way of labor, the influence of the distribution and way of life for people, as a psychoanalyst, he attaches importance to the combination of theory with practice, at the same time to cure mental illness and reform the existing social reality. These are the progress of his thought, but fromm has a big misunderstanding of Marx's theory of alienation and interpretation of the concept of freedom. He thinks his theory is the inheritance and development of Marx, but in fact he deviates from Marx's thought in the following aspects.

First of all, although fromm tried to follow Marx's humanitarian spirit when studying psychological alienation, fromm's humanism was incomplete and had abstract characteristics. Fromm's theory of psychological alienation really takes human development as its main goal and humanism is the main guiding ideology of fromm's theory of psychological alienation. Secondly, this kind of humanism has the characteristic that the value evaluation is superior to the historical evaluation obviously, and the historical evaluation is not carried out to the end. The starting point and end-result of Marx's labor theory of alienation is a person, in the absorption of feuerbach resolves the religious alienation and Hegel objective on the basis of the positive results of spiritual alienation theory of Marx is based on the practice summary, create, his mind is always are the basic practice of human activities, especially labor as the research focus, trying to analysis the system of capitalism, the basis of human alienation is the alienation of labor. At the same time, it also reveals the source of human alienation and the alienation of human existence in private ownership society. The theory of alienation shows that Marx attaches great importance to the all-round development of man, and is eager to eliminate the alienation of man and realize his freedom, liberation and all-round development.

Marx put forward the theory of alienation in the economic and philosophical manuscript of 1844, which refers to the phenomenon that the subject is dominated by the objects created by him, including the alienation between man and man, man and self, man and humanity, man and society, and even man and his creation. By analyzing the alienation of labor, Marx specifically analyzed the phenomenon of the alienation of people, people and labor products, people and self, and the process of human and labor, aiming to expose the evil nature and ugly behavior of private ownership in the capitalist society at that time. Fromm's attempt to use marxist viewpoint and method to analyze alienation, from family, economy, culture, political freedom and other aspects to consider, however, frome will focus more migration to the psychology and consciousness to consider itself, into idealism mold, only consider the alienation of people's psychological factor, ignore the production relations and class relations, not to explore the true root cause of human alienation. Fromm's research, while considering the social influence on people, but the confusion of the production relations, class relations, tried to use the abstract rational, value idea, such as social character and social unconscious concepts to modify the theory of Marx, the essence of his thought has obvious idealism color, distorted Marx's historical materialism, not only can't scientifically expounds the human alienation, also mistakenly social personality as the mediation of the economic basis and superstructure, greatly deviated from the marxism.

The starting point of Marx and Engels pointed out: "we from actual activity, but also from their real life in the process we can reveal the life process in the development of the ideological reflection and echo," "even fuzzy things in people's minds by experience to determine, associated with the material premise of the inevitable sublimation of material production." In this paragraph, Marx and Engels clearly pointed out that social ideology is reflected by the form of social material life and social production mode, and especially emphasized that "what is vague in people's mind" is also the inevitable sublimation of social material life. Fromm's point of view does not mention the relevant content at all, so his theory is the product of idealism and a distorted understanding of marxism.

要想成绩好,英国论文得写好,51due代写平台为你提供英国留学资讯,专业辅导,还为你提供专业英国essay代写,paper代写report代写,需要找论文代写的话快来联系我们51due工作客服QQ800020041或者wechatAbby0900吧。

我们的优势

  • 05年成立,已帮助上万人
  • 24小时专业客服
  • 团队成员都毕业于全球著名高校
  • 保证原创,支持检测

英国站