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英国essay代写-A Different Dimension of African History

2017-08-11 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇英国essay代写-A Different Dimension of African History讲了当谈到非洲历史时,人们通常会想到一些丑陋的事情,比如黑奴贸易,还是一些坏话,比如肮脏,愚蠢,懒惰等等。但是,非洲在一开始就确实很弱吗?我们应该如何理解这个悠久的历史 - 从它的前史到十九世纪呢?本篇essay代写由51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。


When it comes to African history, people usually think about something ugly, such as Black Slave Trade, or some bad words, such as dirty, foolish, lazy and so on. However, was Africa indeed weak in the beginning? How should we understand this long history-from its pre-history to the 1800s? 

To begin with, from the first map, we can see the layout of the archaeological site known as Great Zimbabwe. Here we use “ great” to describe one African country. Maybe someone will feel dismissive. But why don’t we view Africa in a different angle? Just like Binyavanga Wainnaina writing in his paper How to Write about Afrca: “ make sure you show how Africans have music and rhythm deep in their souls, and eat things no other humans eat. Do not mention rice and beef and wheat; monkey-brain is an African’s cuisine of choice, along with goat, snake , worms and grubs and all manner of game meat. Make sure you show that you are able to eat each food without flinching, and describe how you learn to enjoy it-because you care.” 

Second, from the next map, we can know that it is a 14th century Spanish map of Mansa Musa as he travelled across the Sahara on a pilgrimage to Mecca. He brought so much gold that on his arrivel to Cairo, he devalued the currency of Mediterranean societies. This map tells us in the old Africa, the people there were very rich, independent and had their own lifestyle in the early stage. 

Third, an 18th century map of west Africa with coastal slave forts identified and a colonial map of Africa following the Conference of Berlin show us that after the aggression and plunder, the virgin situation of Africa was broken and especially because the colonies of Europe and America, Afican suffered from hot water. Then on 9th September, 1739, Stono Rebellion was broken out. We can find some different views from the article African Dimensions of the Stono Rebellion, written by John K. Thornton. He said: “while the immediate causes of the revolt clearly lay in the difficult conditions of slavery in South Carolina, detailed in Wood's analysis of the colony and the revolt,'2 several elements in the eyewitness account suggest that, along with English mistreatment and Spanish promises, the African background of the slaves contributed to the nature of the revolt. Second, throughout the eighteenth century, Kongo was disturbed by sporadic and sometimes lengthy civil wars, which resulted in the capture and sale of many people, no small number of whom would have been soldiers with military training. Significant changes in the organization and training of armies that were occurring at the same time had increased the number of soldiers trained in the use of firearms, thus increasing the likelihood that such soldiers would be enslaved.” So at last, he said: “ thus the Stono rebels were not revealing their rude origins when they fought in the way they did. Instead, their tactical behavior was perfectly consistent with tactics of the battlefields of Kongo. They withdrew after a brief encounter, relocated, and fought several battles over a protracted period, a pattern typical of Angola. We can see the Stono Rebellion from a new angle if we consider the African contribution as well as the American one. The combination of evidence certainly suggests that the slaves' Christianity and the religious appeal of Spanish propaganda may have played a role in the revolt. Likewise, though less certain, the slaves' probable military experience in Africa could also have influenced their behavior and their ultimate fate.”

The last map is about one artist’s rendition of what Africa may have looked like if colonization never happened. From the perspective of foreigners, they think Afica indeed needed western salvation because it helped Africa change into a modern country in a fast and direct way while to Africa, they think it caused racial and regional discrimination and they are looked down on all the time. So the internal representations hold a total different view. They think they have their own religious belief, like Animism or Islam, life stye, such as marrying 3 or more wives and way of thinking. The most important thing is that they have freedom to do anything they want. From the article Africa: Representations and Realities, it said : “ the only residents there are a group of rustic and austere people, the Bushmen. They lead a simple yet vibrant life in their “paradise”. They were living isolated from the modern society, and knew nothing about the outside world. However, a bottle from the civil world encroached on the peaceful life and stirred jealousy hate and violence. Africa possessed its own prosperity and abundant period, and needed no salvation from westerners. They had great kings who made self-dependence possible. There are some kings who are feared because they love justice (Niane 82). He was an outstanding leader, leading people to find peace and prosperity and happiness had come into everyone’s home. The people died, the villages vanished, but the precious spiritual wealth was passed from generation to generation, and it keeps Mali remaining the same.”

According to what I have discussed above, we may find that it is very complex when everyone views one thing. Just like the saying goes,  “one thousand readers, one thousand Hamlets.” So from my perspective, when it comes to African history, there is not always darkness, dirty or humiliation. Instead, we should find something beautiful, useful and even glorious. 


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