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Paper代写:Thomas Hardy's poems

2017-12-13 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Thomas Hardy's poems,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了托马斯·哈代的诗歌。托马斯哈代是英国文学史上一位伟大的自然诗人,他的自然诗中所蕴含的一正一反的态度,体现了哈代对人与自然关系的思考,折射了他超前的生态整体观。哈代笔下的自然不仅是人类身体和心灵的庇护所,也同人类一样,是具有自我意识的独立主体。

Thomas Hardy,托马斯·哈代,英国论文代写,paper代写,论文代写

Thomas Hardy is a great natural poet in the history of English literature, his keen observation and description of nature, concerned about human activities in nature and the state of nature under the influence of human activities. The two kinds of one-positive attitudes embodied in Hardy's hundreds natural poems reflect the thought of Hardy's relationship between man and nature, which reflects his advanced ecological holistic view.

The increasingly serious ecological environment problem since the 1960s is the direct cause of the trend of ecological criticism. "Ecological criticism explores literary criticism of the relationship between literature and nature under the guidance of ecology, especially the idea of ecological holism". It is an important mission of ecological critic to alleviate the ecological crisis by rereading the literary classics and digging deeply into the social root of the ecological crisis. The ideological basis of guiding ecological critic is ecological holism, namely: "The overall interest of the ecosystem as the highest value rather than the highest value of human interests, and whether it is conducive to maintaining and protecting the integrity, harmony, stability, balance and persistence of the ecosystem as the fundamental yardstick of all things."

As the most famous novelist and poet in Victorian England, Thomas Hardy was mainly engaged in the novel creation in the early and middle period, leaving many famous works, but he really loved poetry, from domicilium to him resolves to Say No more, Hardy's literary creation began with poetry and finally poetry. Near $number meaning deep, the meaning of meaningful poetry is his important contribution to English literature, in which Baiyu's description of nature reflects Hardy's keen insight and ability to describe nature, so he gets the evaluation "in the poetry creation, Thomas Hardy is undoubtedly a true sense of the natural poet."

Hardy grew up in the tranquil and beautiful Dorset County, his hometown is the source of inspiration for Hardy's creation, and his maiden poem is the domicilium of the scene of the spring in his hometown. Poetry in the hometown of Harmony, quiet, is Hardy's body's destination is also his soul sustenance. The hometown is the healing place that Hardy seeks solace. When Hardy was misunderstood in the city and felt lonely and helpless in his heart, he came to Wessex Heights and wrote the home of Wessex Heights― Hardy's poems: "Wessex Some heights, it seems to be opened up by a benevolent hand/for people to think, dream, Bury, critical I often go there to stand/....../ As if it were the place where I was born, and the end of my death.

The nature of Hardy's writings is not only the sanctuary of human body and soul, but also the independent subject of self-consciousness as well as human beings. As Hardy himself puts it: "I can't help noticing that landscapes in natural scenery, such as trees, hills and houses, have expressions and temperaments." The tree and the trees in the lady are willing to pay for the one they love: "I have done all I can for the woman I know." Braved the heat, I shaded for her/when the heat of the summer made her weary, I gave her the songbirds/provided the home in the forest. When its devotion is favored by the loved ones, the trees are filled with joy: "She silently treats me as a friends." And finally when "she" in order to pursue the warmth without a trace of nostalgia to turn away, it was desperate to say: "She went, to me a bare branch dismissive." The love and devotion of a tree for a man, the joy and pride of being loved by the shade of the summer, the grievances and the reluctance of the loved ones are the "expressions and temperaments" of the plants, which show the reader a vivid existence, a life that should not be ignored by human beings.

In an $date midnight, hardy treats "long legged flies", "moths", "wasps" and "Sleepy Flies" as "guests" in the "long winged, horned, and ridged spines". Although this was an uninvited visitor who soiled the lines he had just written, Hardy did not care and called them "the most obedient children of God", "because they knew the mysteries of the earth that I did not know". In Hardy's view, insects also have the intelligence that human beings cannot reach. Therefore, humans are not entitled to be above other animals, but should place themselves and them on equal footing and coexist with other living beings in nature.

Therefore, the nature of Hardy's poems is not only as the background of human activities, but also as the object of human pastime and conquest, but with thought, spirituality and emotional life. It has kinship with people: "The tree is a bone of human limbs, animals and all kinds of skin color is the same family," natural and human breathing, a total of fate, together constitute a complete community of life.

The holistic view of ecology is the highest value of the overall interest of the ecosystem, and it is believed that human beings should respect the ecosystem as a whole, not as a useful servant but as a living existence. On the contrary, human centrality is the opposite of the values, it regards mankind as the Earth's master, and the human interest as the ultimate yardstick of value judgment. Criticism of human-centered behavior is the consensus of ecological critics. The nature of Hardy's poems is independent of the human needs, and its significance is not to serve the development of mankind, but to enjoy the same right to pursue stability and happiness as human beings. Therefore, Hardy denounced human beings as the masters of all things in wanton conquest and destruction of natural behavior, that the human "has always been killed, destroyed, suppressed/this is tantamount to suicide self-destruction." This criticism of the human-centered behavior, which destroys the harmony, stability and beauty of the whole, is another manifestation of Hardy's holistic view of ecology.

"Logging" describes a father and son in less than two hours of time to cut down a tree 200 years of lush growth. As the chainsaw cut through the skin, into the body, the tree trembled with fear and pain, and the loggers did not stop their atrocities because of the agony of the trees, the trees could only wait for the death in despair of the woodcutter's atrocities. Hardy likened the lumbering father and son to carrying the icy grim axe and saw, sneaked into the forest, looking for the victim's "executioner". The executioner was the man who executed the prisoners and took the lives of others. Hardy used the "executioner" to refer to the father and son, intended to point out: "The end of the tree life behavior as the executioner to seize the lives of others as cruel and bloody." Saw a 200-year-old tree, which took less than two hours for the father and son, and the astonishing destructive power of human beings made hardy angry and shocked. For the tree in the face of the "executioner" when the fear and pain, hardy empathy but helpless. In addition to caring for plants, as members of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Hardy also participates in animal protection with action and literary creation. He wrote many poems to protect animals, especially birds, such as: The puzzled Game birds, blinded bird, the bullfinches, the bird-catcher's boy, the caged and so on. The images of the birds in Hardy's poems are changeable, they both sing the vision of life and freedom, and accuse the human being of ignoring the selfish behavior of other species: "Hardy's bird is a solitary bird, a bird with no freedom, a battered bird, a bird singing in the wilderness, a bird of nature."

In the period of Hardy Europe, a game called "Bird Play" was popular. The game player put more than a pale head in the cage to compete which bird in a certain time, the number of tweets. In order to keep the birds from distracting, the red-burning needles in their homes are cruel to blind their eyes. "Blind Bird" is a description of such a "red Needle stabbed" and blind bird, it "forever in the Dark of the doom/grope through the long life/suffering from the sting of Burns/in the ruthless wire cage." Human beings to satisfy their vulgar taste, regardless of the bird's pain, extremely cruel to take away its light, so that it "alive as if buried." Ironically, however, the blind bird was "long suffering and still virtuous and/....../with no evil thoughts but singing." The human eye of the blind bird symbolizes the killing of mankind against nature, and the tolerance and optimism of the birds are more contrasting with the filth and darkness of the human heart.

The son of the Fowler describes a father and son who have diametrically opposed attitudes towards birds. The son of an ecological consciousness questioned his father's behavior of catching birds, and he thought that birds belonged to the sky, not cage, and that the birds were as eager for survival and freedom as men, and that "every nightingale in a cage will die or languish soon." But in his father's eyes, the bird is the way he gets money, and the meaning of it is that he means to make a living. He even shouted: "Birds are the Catch," which is a typical human-centric view. At the end of the poem, the death of the son of the Fowler shows the nature of retaliation for the human-centric behavior of the Fowler. Hardy used the death of the son of the Fowler to ring the Bell: Mankind will pay a huge price for destroying the balance of ecosystems.

In the history of English literature, Hardy is a poet with advanced ecological Consciousness, many poems describing nature and the relationship between man and nature embody his ecological whole consciousness. Leopold points out that the most common criterion for judging ecological holism is: "It is right to help maintain the harmony, stability and beauty of the community of life, or else it is wrong." Hardy loves and celebrates the "harmony, stability and beauty" of the ecological environment, this love is not out of human superiority, the nature of Non-human life as the object of compassion and protection, but put them in the same important position as the brothers and sisters to respect. At the same time, Hardy realized that the fundamental reason for destroying the whole of harmonious ecology is human-centered ideology, so it is severely complained in poetry. The two positive attitudes towards the "right" thing and the Critique of the "wrong" behavior reflect Hardy's thinking on the relationship between man and nature, reflecting his clear and profound view of ecological holism.

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