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Paper代写:The development history of Western art education

2018-01-06 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The development history of Western art education,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了西方美术教育发展历史。古代西方美术教育史最早可追溯到被后人称为“自由育”或“完全教育”的古希腊时代。雅典教育,这是古希腊对人进行全面教育的理想式教育。古罗马时期的哲学家将美术教育看作自由学科,一方面它塑造人的精神世界,另一方面它们又具有体力活动的性质。

art education,西方美术教育,英国论文代写,paper代写,论文代写

The history of ancient Western art education can be traced back to the ancient Greek era, which was called "Free education" or "complete teaching" by posterity. Athens education, which is an ideal education for the whole people in ancient Greece. The philosopher Galen of ancient Rome thought that art education could be regarded as a free subject, and his understanding of painting and sculpture was as follows: On the one hand, it shapes the spiritual world of man, on the other hand they have the nature of physical activity.

The art education in the Western Middle Ages is a pure and skillful craftsman education. The artists were called Painters, and the Independent Painting Guild was not established in Florence until 1339. Art education in the Renaissance is mainly to copy famous works and painting models, art education methods have improved, more care about the knowledge and cultivation of many aspects. At this time, the artist gained the middle class status and was among the intellectuals. Alberti, a famous artist, advocated trying to improve the status of painting artists. College-style education, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, was born. Leonardo da Vinci College was born in 1498, is the earliest Art institute; Florence Painting Academy was founded in 1562 by the famous art historian Vasari initiative; Bologna Academy of Fine Arts was founded in 1585 by the Karachi Brothers; Saint-Loucat College, founded in 1593; the Royal College of Painting and Sculpture, Paris, was founded in 1648 , its teaching content and method tend to be systematic, is the embryonic form of modern fine Arts Institute. The result of the major transformation of art education in these colleges is of great significance.

The modern art education in different countries presents a more important position. In early 18th century, art class was formally included in the school curriculum. In the 19th century, drawing courses were generally set up in general schools in England, Germany, France, the United States and Russia. August 1872 Japan stipulated drawing is one of 14 compulsory course of primary school. In 1870, Massachusetts called for teaching pictures to students over 15 years of age in the residential community. 1873 Smith established the 1th teacher Training School in the United States-the Massachusetts normal art school, 1874 ~ 1877 organized the 1th Professional Art Teachers Association-Massachusetts Institute of Fine Arts Teachers. In the early 90, the United States put forward "dbae" comprehensive art education, and thought that art should be diversified, and that the art education content included art creation, aesthetics, art commentary and art history. Japanese art classes from elementary school to sophomore art class are 2 hours a week. France 1987 began to stipulate fine arts for primary and secondary school curriculum, primary School 1 hours a week, middle school for 2 hours, high school for directional training, heavy science students elective art, the arts are compulsory art. The art class of American elementary and middle schools is not only the painting training, but includes the teaching content of sculpture, pottery, weaving, metal craft, photography, art history, art criticism and so on.

As a precious wealth of human civilization, art education is worth learning. The history of art education is the development history of practice and theory cognition, among them, artists, thinkers, philosophers and educators, as well as the State policy system played an important role in the development of art education, understanding and familiarity with the history of art education is very important for the future development of art education, and it has promoted the reform of educational thought and art education.

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