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Paper代写:Science and technology innovation

2018-03-12 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Science and technology innovation,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了科技创新。人类历史上曾涌现过许许多多的“奇思妙想”,并大量地出现在一些宗教思想和神话传说中,但这些想法与真正的科技创新并不是一回事,区别就在于科技创新具有“科学性”内核,它来自并服务于人类的实践活动,具有客观性、普遍性、规律性及可观察性、可论证性等,而出现在一些宗教思想和神话传说中的“奇思妙想”则往往不具有科学性,因而只能算是某种主观臆想。可以说,科学性是科技创新的首要标志。

Science and technology innovation,科技创新,英国论文代写,paper代写,论文代写

Today, the amount of human scientific knowledge is growing at an explosive rate. According to UNESCO statistics, human for nearly 30 years the accumulation of scientific knowledge, accounting for 90% of the total accumulation of scientific knowledge, ever before that thousands of years of accumulation of scientific knowledge is just 10%. Deng xiaoping, the chief architect of China's modernization, said: "technology is the primary productive force." In the great game of global technology, the key to not being eliminated is technological innovation.

China's prosperity in history is not unrelated to the "four great inventions", the silkworm and silk weaving technology invented by the Chinese, and the ceramic technology invented by the Chinese people. Similarly, the rise of Britain in the 18th and 19th centuries, watt invented the steam engine and a series of related modern industrial technology innovation, and Newton, scientists of scientific theory innovation. In modern and modern times, the United States can become a superpower, which is closely related to the technology level and education system in the United States. If you look at the world's poor and backward countries, its technology and education level must be backward.

Why the United States and Japan can be set to lenovo computer may have a spy and refused to use a lenovo computer, and the Chinese know computer and operating system in the United States, may have the spy device is set up by the government, but had to use all kinds of advanced equipment in the United States? Because semiconductors, integrated circuits, computers, and the Internet are all invented in the United States, the closest thing the U.S. has to China is high-tech. Why? Because the Chinese are known for their imitative ability, even the "small change" in the original technology of the Chinese will make the United States have a monopoly and competitive advantage in a certain technology.

Throughout the history of human science development, it can be said that the path of scientific development is quite bumpy, and even encountered great risks and obstacles.

In the 1500's, Copernicus was persecuted by religion because of his "day of the heart", and in the 1600s, Bruno was burned to death for criticizing the theology of religion and strongly agreeing with Copernicus. In the later 1610s and 1630s, Galileo was persecuted for the scientific nature of the "day of the sun".

Wagener in 1915 published a book the formation of continents and oceans, systematically introduces the theory of continental drift, but in the mainland "fixed" ideas in an age of people did not accept his theory, until 30 years after his death, the theory of continental drift was proved to be correct, and thus triggered a geological revolution of the 1970 s.

The Chinese traditional perception of heaven and earth is a "celestial sphere", a far cry from the scientific concept of the earth as a sphere. But in five or six centuries BC, ancient Greek philosopher Pythagoras is put forward the idea of the earth is spherical, another ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle according to the lunar eclipse when the moon's shadow is a circle, scientifically proved the earth is a ball for the first time. It was not until 1522, when Magellan and his companions completed a circle around the earth that they established the understanding of the earth as a sphere.

Review the history of mankind a lot of significant events and key science and technology innovation, it can be seen that science and technology innovation and creative thinking of the most striking feature is its scientific nature, there are some overlooked features, namely, alternative sexual, scarcity and concealment.

In human history ever emerge many "ideas", and in large quantities appear in some religious thought and myths and legends, but these ideas with real science and technology innovation is not the same, the difference is that science and technology innovation has a "scientific" kernel, it comes from and to serve the human practice activity, has the objectivity and universality, regularity and observability, demonstrable, and appear in some religious thoughts and myths and legends of "ideas" are often do not have scientific nature, and thus can be a kind of subjective opinion. It can be said that science is the first sign of scientific and technological innovation.

Occur in a particular historical period of the major scientific and technological innovation, because of its advanced ideas and concepts, often show some against tradition, even contrary to common sense of alternative sexual characteristics, such as Copernicus' heliocentric theory "with Darwin's" origin of species ", at the time are very against religious sense and traditional thinking. It can be said that the independent thinking ability and the courage to challenge the traditional non-dominant thinking habit are the signature characteristics of creative thinking.

From the perspective of the history of scientific development of major scientific and technological innovation is often by a few key people have put forward the creative thinking, or create a "going", such as Newton's law of universal gravitation and Einstein's theory of relativity, in contrast, their contemporaries most scientists do not have the opportunity and ability, so far as to say that creative thinking has always been very scarce and valuable, and go with the flow of the general thinking has essential difference.

Due to the military, political and commercial factors, there are many important inventions in history for a long time are in secret or confidential state, such as China's sericulture, ceramic art, and many of the "ancestral secret recipe of traditional Chinese medicine", western glass technology, fluorescent lamp technology, etc., and master the technique and technology innovators tend for reasons of safety or commercial by artificially "frozen" for many years. In addition, there are some achievements of scientific and technological innovations, which have long been concealed by the society, which is not accepted or respected by the society, because it is not understood by most people or challenged by traditional forces in the early stage.

Compared with Europe and the United States and the education of science and technology power, although the number of undergraduate and graduate students in colleges and universities graduate each year more than the total population in many countries, but our country's modern education in cultivating creative talents and creative thinking there are still many problems worthy of reflection:

Einstein said, "imagination is more important than knowledge." The core of creative thinking is imagination, not knowledge, not fractions. But many people pursue and excessive attention is scores and test ability, caused from kindergarten and primary school age began, the so-called people's quality and ability of early classification, science? Speak for yourself. In 2009, the international education progress evaluation organization according to the survey of 21 countries around the world, the Chinese children's computing power ranked first in the world, imagination from bottom row first, creativity, ranked fifth. Objectively speaking, many masters of creative thinking of science and technology in small when its academic performance is not outstanding, such as Edison, some did not even read the giants of science university, such as Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction phenomenon is just a printing factory workers. Li shizhen, a Chinese medical guru, is actually a member of the imperial examination.

What kind of technological innovation is truly valuable? It is not easy to answer this question. But the idea of innovation is equivalent to a patent or paper is too one-sided or too pay attention to the practice of form, in fact, the innovation of military and commercial value tend to be highly confidential, its value is not suitable for using public to apply for patents or published papers to assess. In addition, a person's ability is often not comprehensive, are not good at writing articles must be clever, articulate people don't necessarily can "writing", many would invent, create the people do not necessarily are proficient in writing papers, won the Nobel Prize is not as proficient in English, as a result, all-rounder generalists are rare, but also proficient in a foreign talent is valuable. However, the talent assessment methods that focus too much on patents, papers, awards and foreign language abilities are often conducive to the exploration of innovative "folk talents" with "academic specialities". China's "four great inventions" on whom the compass and gunpowder from actually close connection with Taoism, gunpowder road flyover is the Chinese "by-products" when an alchemist, and China's earliest SiNa (compass) theory is based on the theory of Yin and Yang five elements. It can be seen that not all innovation comes from "science class", some innovation comes from "folk".

Reviews the history of the development of modern science and technology, it is not hard to see the big, modes of science and technology innovation basic originated in the west, take the major inventions, small to lighting, telephone, television, computers, air conditioners, cars, big to the plane, train, aircraft carriers, radar, satellite, Internet, are all derived from the invention of the European and American countries. However, the development of modern and modern science and technology in China can hardly get rid of the impression of imitation. Imitation is a shortcut to the development of science and technology, but relying too much on imitation will form the habit of convergent and dependent thinking, which will inevitably curb the development of creative thinking of the opposite sex and transcendence. In the 1920 s - 1950 s, the Chinese geologists boldly put forward the "geological mechanics", "diwa learning" and other innovative theory, greatly promote the development of China's mineral exploration areas, and in recent years, China's geological field seems to be more focused on imitation in basic theory research, "it will be called the Greek" "research", but has little "of geological mechanics" and "diwa learning" level of innovative achievements. What is the key difference between China and Europe in the great game of global technology? In terms of education concepts and innovative ideas.

In the modern education and the academic system, innovation ability is closely related to personal interest, there are a lot of people think that only as often as possible to get the country or enterprise support of scientific research projects and funds, is likely to obtain corresponding scientific research and innovation. In fact, many of the significant innovation of scientific and technological development, are in no cost country funds under the condition of complete, such as Newton calculus, the law of universal gravitation and made pioneering contribution in the field of optical, happens to be in he spent several years in my hometown for the plague. When Einstein made a startling discovery in the fields of Brownian motion, quantum theory and special relativity, he was just a clerk in the Patent Office. It can be said that when they obtained these remarkable scientific and technological innovations, they did not receive the funds of the xx fund or the official subjects of the host country. Copernicus said, "the duty of man is to dare to explore the truth." However, the modern society is filled with the haze of utilitarianism in the aspect of science and technology innovation, and the lack of the spirit of seeking for the "women's repair day" and "the pursuit of the sun". In order to surpass the developed countries in Europe and the United States, it is obviously not enough to imitate the technological level and education level in China, but innovation is the way to go. "Flowers, schools of thought contend" innovation atmosphere requires China the power of the whole society to cultivate and maintain, and through science and technology system and to implement the system of education reform and adapt to the "innovation".

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