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英国paper代写-The securities investment

2018-05-17 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The securities investment,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了证券投资。证券投资是一种直接投资的方式,主要就是投资者对股票以及相关金融衍生品等进行购买和出售,从中获取利息、差价的一种投资方式和行为。对于证券投资而言,经济风险是需要注意的主要风险,这种风险主要是发行证券主体的变现、违约风险,证券市场中的通货膨胀以及利率等风险。如果投资,风险是一定存在的,在这个发展不太成熟的新兴市场,投资者更需掌握投资经验,学会规避风险。

securities investment,证券投资,论文代写,essay代写,paper代写

Securities investment is a form of direct investment, is the main investors in stocks, bonds, funds, and related derivatives of buy and sell, obtain interest, the difference of a kind of investment style and behavior. There are two types of risks in securities investment, economic and psychological risk. For securities investment, and economic risk attention is the need to study the main risk, the risk is mainly securities subject of liquidation, the risk of default, inflation and interest rate risk in the securities market. If investment, the risk is certain to exist, in our country this is developing but less mature emerging market, investors need to master investment experience more, learn to avoid risk.

Systemic risk refers to the change in the return on investment due to some global factors, which will affect all securities income in the same way. These factors are not internal to the company and therefore cannot be effectively controlled and avoided. Such systemic risks are also known as unavoidable risks. Since common factors have different impacts on the company, diversified investment cannot spread risk, so it is also an undiversified risk. Combined with the current development of securities market, system risk can be divided into market risk, interest rate risk and purchasing power risk.

Market risk is the risk caused by the long-term trend of the securities market. The change of the stock market will be influenced by many factors, and the change of the economic cycle plays a decisive role in it. There are periodic fluctuations and cycles in the social economy, which are generally divided into depression-recovery, boom-bust, and so on. In the bullish market, basically all stocks are price rise, in the bearish market, the price of the stock shows a downward trend. The best way for investors to deal with the market risk is to go ahead and invest in blue chips.

Interest rate risk refers to the risk that the interest-bearing assets bear the fluctuation of value due to the change of interest rate. Stock prices will be affected by interest rates, this influence is mainly from two aspects, first is the shift of money flows, market interest rates higher, some of the money will be attracted to bank notes, and financial assets such as savings, bond demand decreases, prices are falling. The second is the impact of the company's cost, the increase of interest rate, the increase of the financing cost of the company, if other conditions remain unchanged, the profit will be reduced, and the dividends will be reduced, so the stock price will be reduced.

Purchasing power risk, also known as inflation risk, inflation causes prices to rise, the real purchasing power of money is reduced, and the real income level of investors may be reduced. Inflation keeps the nominal return on investment unchanged, while real yields and values are falling.

Non-systematic risk refers to the impact risk of individual companies or industry securities, and personality factors are the main characteristics. Because this risk is offset, the diversification of the investment can be realized, and can be called the dispersal and avoidable risk. The non-system risk is mainly credit and business risk.

Against credit risk, refers to the enterprise or company credit, not allow investors to servicing in accordance with the contract, and then by the risk of securities issuers can't to pay the principal and interest on schedule, this will make? Y people lose the opportunity to reinvest and profit. It is the main risk of the bond, bond investment company should consider above all is the credit risks, to effectively avoid the risk, you need to credit rating, the results of the securities rating for reference.

Business risk is the risk brought by the change in the profitability of the company due to the changes in its profitability. It comes from within the enterprise. There are several situations: the first is the financial risk caused by improper financing: the second is the lack of innovation of the company, which is only satisfied with the current economic and profit level. The third is the problem of sales decision, unscientific and reasonable, no attention to open new market.

Avoiding non-systemic risks by dispersing them so as not to "lose the game" in the face of non-systemic risk. Dispersion is not only reflected in the allocation of funds, but also in capital selection. When investing, we should try to understand the investment in different sectors of different industries.

Securities market as an important part of market economy system, the need to improve laws and regulations to guarantee the healthy operation and development, because our country is not too perfect laws and regulations, the relevant departments lack of powerful supervision mechanism, and there is larger grey area between illegal. The government should strengthen the monitoring of the securities market, strict supervision and management of the intermediary institutions and listed companies, listed companies need to translate information fault obligation to effect, further optimize and improve corporate governance structure, to ensure scientific investment decisions, to raise funds to realize efficient utilization.

Interest rates as the central bank's monetary policy tools, can carry on the scientific and reasonable to the macroeconomic adjustment, financial asset prices and interest rates can produce extremely sensitive reaction to interest rates, so you can't avoid interest rate risk effectively. Interest rate risk is the main risk of fixed income securities and is also the main risk of government bonds. It affects long-term bonds more than short-term ones. Investors can reduce their holdings of long-term bonds and fixed rate bonds when they expect higher interest rates.

Before investment, through a variety of ways and means, fully understand the investment information, analyze the macroeconomic environment, weigh the comparison in mind and carry out the corresponding risk argument. Familiar with the trading rules of bond market, market size and composition of investors. On the basis of this, and then set to hedge the risk of investment strategy, investment use all kinds of effective methods and techniques, such as the duration of the securities investment ladder, a lot of species diversification.

In China's financial market environment, the development of the relevant government departments should invest risk education and the securities market steady development as a top priority to promote the development of economy, all kinds of financial department should take the initiative to shoulder social responsibility, through their rich knowledge and extensive resources advantage, to financial knowledge, such as a positive propaganda to the public, and ensure the form of diversification, meet the actual needs of the public, strengthen the social public financial risk identification and prevention capacity, this has to do with the interests of the long-term development needs are met.

In a word, the risk of securities investment has certain objectivity and uncertainty, and we can do more to realize the effective method risk while acknowledging the objective existence of risk. Although investment yes uncertainty is stronger, but still can through a variety of technical methods, summarize experience, scientific measure risk, solid using relevant knowledge of statistics, the historical data were collected for analysis and calculation, and look for patterns for investment, portfolio investment diversification, as far as possible to avoid or reduce the risk of loss and damage. People should have a sense of risk, recognize their own strength and risk tolerance, judge the situation and make prudent and optimal choice.

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