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Paper代写:History of philosophy and philosophy

2018-08-04 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

本篇paper代写- History of philosophy and philosophy讨论了哲学与哲学史。《哲学史讲演录》无是黑格尔留给人类的一份珍贵遗产。在方法论上,这部著作立足于辩证法的基础上,揭露了当时哲学史研究工作中存在的弊端,摧毁了束缚哲学史实现科学化的形而上学藩篱,提出了一系列处理哲学史的重大原则和方法,为哲学史走上科学化的道路,建立科学的哲学史观作出了重要贡献。本篇paper代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

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As Engels put it: "the history of philosophy lecture, one of Hegel's most gifted works". He also said that only through Hegel did the history of philosophy become an independent science for the first time. At the same time, due to the continuity of the development of philosophy, we can only fully grasp the philosophy itself through in-depth study of the history of philosophy, so the history of philosophy is undoubtedly of great importance to our study of philosophy. This lecture on the history of philosophy is undoubtedly a classic work that we must read in the history of philosophy. Meanwhile, the sparkle of dialectics in Hegel's works is also the golden key for us to master philosophy.

Hegel, a famous philosopher in the 19th century, is the epitome and peak of German classical philosophy. The representative works include phenomenology of spirit, logic, outline of philosophy science, principle of philosophy of law, history of philosophy, etc. He established the largest system of objective idealism in the history of world philosophy, greatly enriched the dialectics, and was one of the most brilliant stars in the history of philosophy. Hegel's thought marked the peak of German idealism in the 19th century and exerted a profound influence on later philosophical schools, such as existentialism and historical materialism of Marx.

To understand Hegel's philosophy historical view, we must understand the absolute spirit in his mouth, which is the core concept of Hegel's philosophy. Hegel sees the absolute spirit as the source of the world. Absolute spirit is not something that transcends the world. Natural, human society and human spiritual phenomena are all manifestations of it at different stages of development. Therefore, the process of replacement, development and eternal life is the absolute spirit itself. The task and purpose of Hegel's philosophy is to show the absolute spirit embodied by nature, society and thinking, to reveal its development process and its regularity. In fact, it is to explore the dialectical relationship between thinking and existence, and to reveal the dialectical unity of the two on the basis of idealism.

In the book, Hegel firstly points out that the history of philosophy is a system of inevitability, which has the following characteristics: the first history of philosophy is the manifestation of the internal logic of "absolute spiritual thinking itself" in time, and the "appearance" of the unchanging absolute spirit in flowing time. Philosophy of individual philosopher's philosophy of "special" are in relationship with the absolute idea self-awareness of logic system and obtain its existence significance: in "individual parts are its good value, that is, due to their relationship to all", "meaningful composition, history is on the relationship between the" general "and contact. To see this universality is to recognize its meaning. Second, in the history of philosophy, the order in which the different philosophies of different eras are connected is inevitable: "the order in which the systems of philosophy are connected recursively is not accidental, but indicates the order in which this science develops." The historical inevitability of the history of philosophy is determined by the logical inevitability of philosophy. In this sense, the history of philosophy is nothing more than the history of the absolute concept of self-consciousness, and it is "the progress of a series of philosophical spiritual forms". Therefore, in Hegel's philosophy history view, the absolute concept is the entity and subject of the history of philosophy and the essence and soul of the history of philosophy. It determines the inevitability of the development of the history of philosophy, while the history of philosophy is only a facsimile, form and phenomenon of "philosophy itself". Therefore, in essence, "the history of philosophy is philosophy".

Hegel also systematically studied ancient Chinese philosophy in his lectures on the history of philosophy. His judgments on ancient Chinese philosophy are mainly divided into three parts: Confucius, the yi jing and the Taoist. In particular, the book of changes is mentioned seriously. He believes that the book of changes is a study of the most fundamental principles and principles of the universe. It "contains the wisdom of the Chinese people" and has absolute authority. But his assessment is also quite relevant. In his opinion, the book of changes is a book on the most fundamental principles and principles of the universe in ancient China. It contains "extremely abstract categories" in simple graphs and lines, reflects "the purest sense", is the basis of Chinese characters and Chinese philosophy.

Among the ancient Chinese philosophers, Hegel believed that it was Lao zi, the founder of Taoism, who had typical representative significance. In his opinion, laozi's moral sutra is "an important work", a book on rationality and morality. In his opinion, the Chinese word "road" contains the meaning of rational nature and principle, which is the direction of development and the reason and basis for the existence of all things. He affirmed that laozi's "tao" was the "original reason" that produced the universe and dominated it, and that everything in the universe could not leave.

But in the case of Confucius, Hegel observed, "the real wise man of the world", even suggesting that "it would be better if his books had never been translated in order to preserve Confucius's reputation, as we know from his books." It can be seen that Hegel was dismissive of Confucius. Hegel criticized Confucius mainly because his philosophy was too specific, not speculative, not pure enough, in other words, too closely related to politics.

Hegel's overall judgment on Chinese philosophy, in short, is that "there is no purely speculative philosophy in China", which is determined by his judgment criteria. It is of great benefit to us to reflect on the characteristics of our traditional culture. Of course, Hegel's dialectics also applied to himself, and his lectures on the history of philosophy did not achieve absolute truth. We should learn from him his new ideas which are higher than those of our predecessors, and we should find out his shortcomings and overcome them so as to improve our thinking. His disregard for non-european philosophical systems also reminds us of the attitudes we should take towards other philosophical systems.

The lecture on the history of philosophy is not a precious heritage left to mankind by the great philosopher Hegel. On methodology, on the basis of the work based on the dialectics, revealed the defects existing in the research work of the philosophy, destroyed the shackles of philosophy to implement scientific metaphysics barriers, put forward a series of major principles and methods of the history of philosophy, for the history of philosophy in the path of scientific, establish scientific philosophy has made important contributions; In philosophical thoughts, he expressed his insightful views on both eastern and western philosophy, which is not only helpful for us to understand the historical context of western philosophy, but also for us to reflect on eastern philosophy, especially Chinese philosophy, and to understand the different philosophies of eastern and western philosophy. His thought is worthy of the highest point of modern philosophy.

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