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英国paper代写-Body image

2018-08-07 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Body image,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了身体意象。身体意象,指的是个体对于自己身体的认知、情绪以及相应的行动。关于身体意象的理论,主要有社会比较理论、社会文化理论和认知行为理论等等。不同的身体意象理论有着不同的测量方法,而身体意象的影响因素包括社会因素和个体因素。

Body image,身体意象,论文代写,essay代写,paper代写

Body image refers to an individual's cognition, emotion and corresponding action of his body. The theories of body image mainly include social comparison theory, social culture theory and cognitive behavior theory. Different body image theories have developed different measurement methods, including questionnaire, projection test, body contour map and implicit association test. The influencing factors of body image include social factors and individual factors.

In the 1930s, Paul Schilder first started his research on body image, after which body image began to enter psychology and other research fields, and formed his own theory and measurement methods. Paul Schilder believed that body image is the cognitive evaluation, emotion and behavior of physical body, namely "the representation of body image in consciousness".

Social comparison theory holds that there are three kinds of social comparison: upward comparison, downward comparison and parallel comparison. And there are three motives for social comparison: self-evaluation, self-satisfaction and self-improvement. Different types of social comparisons have different social motivations.

Social cultural theory social cultural theory emphasizes how body image turns negative under the influence of mass media. The core of social and cultural theory is the internalization of the "thin ideal", that is, individuals agree with the "thin is beautiful" advocated by media, and define this standard as their own social and cultural standard for body appearance.

Cognitive and behavior theory, cognitive behavior theory is that those who have already past events, experiences and attitudes, such as individual how to look at my body, and its accompanying how to behavior, mainly interpersonal experience, personality characteristics, physical characteristics, as well as social culture and so on, the individual to join them to their own cognitive structure, resulting in a basic attitude towards body image, which is often tinged with some certain orientation of evaluation to the body.

The multidimensional body image questionnaire was compiled by American psychologist Cash. It primarily measures an individual's attitude to their body image and applies to people over the age of 15. It contains 69 items, including 10 subscales, using the five-point scoring method.

The negative body ego scale was compiled by Chen hong. It consists of 48 items and 5 subscales, which are overall features, fat, thin, attractive and short.

Projection technique was first used in personality measurement. The theoretical basis of this technique is that under the influence of the internal psychological structure, cognition and needs of individuals, some unstructured stimuli will make the subjects make certain projection reaction, which represents some characteristics of personality. The techniques of figure painting, associative techniques of subject integration test, Rorschach test and holtzman inkblot test are all commonly used projection techniques.

Body contour map body contour map is an intuitive and easy to control measurement method. It has two components: BMI and WHR. BMI is used to measure body shape. It is calculated by weight/height. WHR is waist-hip ratio. Devendra Singh used both factors to create body profiles, both male and female.

The research paradigm of body image in implicit association test is to rapidly present photos or words related to the body for threshold initiation. Then, the subjects are asked to judge and reflect the pictures or words that appear. Finally, the subjects' implicit body image is evaluated by reflecting time.

Most media studies acknowledge that the media can have a negative effect on women's body image. For example, it will cause women to pay more attention to their weight and develop a stronger sense of self, which will be accompanied by more low self-esteem, negative emotions, less awareness of their own attractiveness and negative body image.

Studies by family Rieves and Cash show that the influence of family on body image mainly comes from parents. Parents' ideas and attitudes about themselves and their children's bodies will greatly influence their children's attitudes towards their own bodies. If parents have negative body image and are not satisfied with their own body, this attitude will affect their children, and they are more likely to have negative body image.

Peers also have an influence on the body image of individuals. They not only serve as the social reference system for individuals, but also provide social information for individuals. Stormer and Thompson's research found that peer teasing was an important reason for negative body image among female college students.

According to Chen rui, a biological factor, BMI directly and indirectly predicts negative body image. The higher the BMI, the more likely it is to produce negative body image, and the more likely it is to produce low self-esteem, low self-worth and dieting behaviors.

Research on individual psychological factors lu hong and qi lu showed that low self-esteem, low self-worth and high depression would lead to negative body image. Davis's research found that individuals with perfectionist tendencies were more likely to develop body image disorders, eating disorders and weight loss behaviors.

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