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英国paper代写-Marx's idea of human liberation

2018-08-09 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Marx's idea of human liberation,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了马克思的人类解放思想。马克思以唯物辩证法和历史唯物论为武器,站在人类社会历史总体发展的高度,阐述了无产阶级和全体劳动者关于人类解放的思想。马克思的人类解放思想贯穿于整个马克思主义体系,人类解放思想是马克思主义三个重要组成部分的实质和核心,人类解放是马克思全部思想的宗旨。

human liberation,马克思的人类解放思想,论文代写,essay代写,paper代写

Human liberation is the core of all Marx's theoretical research and lifelong practice. Human liberation is a long historical process, including the political settlement of the proletariat economic liberation and the liberation of people themselves three organic historical development process. Therefore, it is of great theoretical and practical significance to thoroughly study Marx's theory and fully explore its connotation.

With materialist dialectics and historical materialism as weapons, Marx, standing on the height of the overall development of human history, expounded the thoughts of the proletariat and all the workers on human liberation. The connotation of Marx's theory of human liberation is very rich, which has important guiding significance for us to accurately grasp marxism and develop marxism.

Marx's thought of human liberation runs through all aspects of the whole system of marxism. Human liberation is the essence and core of the three important components of marxism. Political emancipation is the political prerequisite for the realization of human liberation. Economic emancipation provides the material basis for human liberation. These three aspects are unified in the practice of human liberation movement.

Political emancipation means the liberation of the country from all religions. Political emancipation is a great progress in human history, but it is also a narrow and limited liberation. At the beginning of 1843, Marx to return to the den, surrounding countries, civil society, the relationship between, the critique of Hegel's rational essence socialism national outlook of mysticism, at the same time beyond feuerbach attribute the essence of human is the nature of the naturalistic humanism, think that "people are not abstract things outside live in the world. Marx clearly agreed that "political liberation is of course a great progress" : first, political emancipation makes "the state liberated from Judaism, Christianity and all religions", and the state "upholds no religion but the state itself"; Specifically, "return the political country to the real world", rather than the Christian country. Second, "political emancipation is also the liberation of civil society from politics". However, Marx more profoundly realized that political liberation "is not a complete liberation without contradiction"; Instead, political liberation at the completion of a critique of religion and the feudal privileges, at the completion of the "people's self-alienation sacred image of" the religious alienation to overcome, also formed the "unholy image of self alienation" - which led to the person in the life of civil society and alienation in state political life and at the same time, the so-called "dual" alienation. No matter in the political country or in the civil society, people cannot live a kind life, develop their independent personality and enrich human nature, and realize their free and self-conscious kind nature.

Marx referred to human liberation contains two relatively separate levels: the subject level of the individual and the social level. The key to social liberation lies in overcoming the civil society, that is, changing the civil society from a selfish and hostile individual world to a human-like living place. With the help of Hess, Marx defined the essence of man as "the real social connection of man". The essence of man is actually as "free life expression", "the joy of life" full of creative freedom, conscious labor. The alienation of human essence is actually the alienation of "free conscious" labor which is directly identical with human essence. The dissimilation of labor causes the dissimilation of human kind essence and interpersonal relations. It is clear that the giants of land and capital, driven by their material, political and class natures, will necessarily use their political prerogatives to maintain and perpetuate their economic monopolies, that they will not sponsor the cause of Labour liberation, and that, on the contrary, they will continue to put obstacles in its way. Thus, labor liberation "can only be achieved by transferring the organized power of society, namely the state power, from the hands of capitalists and big landlords to the hands of producers themselves."

Marx pointed out that the most fundamental task of human liberation is to realize "the liberation of man himself", that is, the comprehensive and free development of man, on the basis of comprehensive and profound social transformation under the condition of mature social material culture created by economic liberation.

Human liberation is the liberation of man's own self. It must and can only be relied on collectively to extinguish all relationships that make man humiliated, enslaved, abandoned and despised. This collective is completely different from the previous collective. Human liberation for help is the "true collective", in the collective, "each individual in their own joint and through this kind of joint to be free," "man is as individuals to participate in", it is a such a combination of people, "this kind of joint to personal freedom development and movement conditions under their control". At the same time, human liberation is to realize the harmony of society and the individual, the elimination of the society as an abstract universal community and contrast with the personal status, so also can saying is to people and human liberation of human nature and human life through people, objective products between person and person's perceptual possession, is "people" in a comprehensive way "as a whole person, has its own comprehensive nature", is all the feelings and characteristics of "the complete liberation of", is to make people all organs with object comprehensive human relations, so as to realize the qualitative change of human being itself.

To sum up, the profound point of Marx's theory of human liberation lies in its truly scientific revelation of the way and means to achieve liberation: liberation of labor and social revolution. If we want to realize the liberation of labor and then the liberation of human beings, we must resort to revolution. Labour liberation, however, have to resort to revolution is not just ended in power of political revolution, but aims to conduct a comprehensive social change and the qualitative change of the social revolution of human being itself, and the social revolution is a long-term, rational, the spiral development, it should be "often criticize themselves, often stopped in advance, to return to the seems to have done, in order to start to put these things do it again". It will relentlessly expose the inthoroughness, weakness and inadequacy of what has been achieved in order to push the revolution deeper and deeper. That is to say, the transfer of state power and the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat will not lead directly to the complete liberation of man. To achieve the total liberation of human beings, we have to go through an extremely difficult and long process, and we have to go through "a series of historical processes that will completely change the environment and human beings."

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