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Paper代写:The cultural circuit of Europe

2018-10-10 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The cultural circuit of Europe,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了欧洲的文化线路。欧洲文化线路由欧洲委员会于1984年提出并于1987年正式施行,其目标是以文化合作的形式提升对欧洲一体化和文化多元化的认同,保护欧洲文化的多样性,鼓励文化间的交流,协助调解地区矛盾。欧洲文化线路以推动新兴旅游业来促进当地的发展,对欧洲地区的遗产保护和地区发展具有深远意义。

cultural circuit,欧洲文化线路,英国论文代写,论文代写,paper代写

Proposed by the European commission in 1984 and formally implemented in 1987, the European cultural circuit aims to "promote the recognition of European integration and cultural diversity in the form of cultural cooperation, protect the diversity of European culture, encourage inter-cultural exchanges and assist in the mediation of regional conflicts". After more than 40 years of theoretical research and practice, the "European cultural route" project has formed a complete and mature system in the management system, standard establishment, financing and the project cooperation with other international organizations. The diversity of systems, themes and forms constitutes the greatest feature of European cultural routes. "European cultural routes" to promote the emerging tourism to promote local development has far-reaching significance for the heritage protection and regional development of the European region.

In Europe, as the birthplace of the concept of cultural routes, under the guidance of the European commission after thirty years of running in forming a times background, condensed the European identity, cultural line system to promote the sustainable development of regional economy, become the European heritage Shared consciousness, keep the relationship of people, and promote the tools of social, economic and cultural development. This system has laid a theoretical and practical foundation for the development of the cultural line system of other countries and international organizations, and has a reference value for the ongoing research and practice of the cultural line and related linear cultural heritage in China.

Europe's "cultural routes" "originated from the European commission's" "European commission cultural routes" "program. The council of Europe is the oldest international organization in Europe with the largest number of member states. Its purpose is "to uphold the ideals and norms that are seen as a common heritage and to promote economic and social progress by achieving solidarity among its members". For many years, the European commission and the European Union have been committed to the restoration and protection of regional cultural heritage, and to maintaining regional stability through capacity building and cultural exchanges, such as the protection of cultural diversity in kosovo after the war, the restoration of Georgia after the war, and the kyiv regional protection program. In the 1960s, the European commission "the continuation of Europe"

Proposed by the European commission in 1984 and formally implemented in 1987, the European cultural circuit aims to "promote the recognition of European integration and cultural diversity in the form of cultural cooperation, protect the diversity of European culture, encourage inter-cultural exchanges and assist in the mediation of regional conflicts".

At the beginning of the "European cultural route" project, the complexity and inclusiveness of the cultural route are the key points. The word "line" does not tie the plan to the physical road, but more embodies the network characteristics of a specific theme, which should reflect the overall characteristics and identity of its nodes and regions. In the 1980s, the committee on cultural cooperation of the European commission defined cultural routes to make them more acceptable to the participants and the general public:

"The 'cultural route' refers to a road that traverses several countries or regions around a certain theme, and whether the route itself is noble or its scope and significance, it can typically reflect the historical, artistic and social characteristics of Europe."

In 2010, the council of ministers of the European commission adopted resolution 53, the regional agreement on the extension of cultural routes, which included the definition of "European cultural routes" in the agreement:

"The cultural route is a heritage and tourism cooperation framework with cultural and education characteristics, which aims to help understand and respect common European values of international significance by promoting the development of a certain or a series of routes based on historical journeys, cultural concepts, travel routes and characters or phenomena."

Culture lines as a form of complex heritage and regional planning, contains a different form of heritage forms and has the characteristics of era, the concept must be taken into account to include cross-regional, across the country, tourism, economic, social and cultural exchanges, religious communication, innovation and sustainable aspects of problems, so the concept of cultural routes is still in the stage of development.

After more than 40 years of theoretical research and practice, the "European cultural route" project has formed a complete and mature system in the management system, standard establishment, financing and project cooperation with other international organizations, and its development process can be roughly divided into three stages:

Experimental stage: 1987 to 1998. This phase to plan to carry out the line "European culture" and "San Diego DE hole post pilgim road" as symbol of cultural routes. At this stage, there are no written management regulations and identification standards, but to accumulate experience for the identification of subsequent routes by identifying new cultural routes and solving problems in the implementation process of the plan. This phase identified including "San Diego DE hole post pilgim road", "the hanseatic league", "road" at hart, 7 cultural routes. Although the stage from the organization, the management system to the financing and so on various aspects is not yet mature, but the line itself profile, quickly attracted a large number of tourists, for the following lines "European culture" theory development and practice provides a large number of firsthand material, and also for the development of the "European culture lines" after laid a solid foundation.

Stage of development: from 1998 to 2010. After ten years of research and practice, the "European cultural route" project has become the preferred way to understand common European values and gain identity. By 1998, more than 2,000 relevant organizations have been involved in the project. In March 1998, the council of ministers of the European commission considered and adopted the resolution on the commission's cultural routes, which contained the criteria for the examination of cultural routes, cooperation methods and network construction. In order to improve the efficiency of the implementation of the plan, the European commission and the grand duchy of Luxembourg jointly set up the European commission for cultural routes, a professional technical advisory body, which is responsible for the review and supervision of new routes and the release and filing of relevant documents. On the basis of previous practice, this stage formally put forward the concept system, audit mechanism and management institution of "European cultural line", which made the identification process of "European cultural line" standardized and efficient, and further promoted the practice and theoretical research of European cultural line.

"Expansion of local agreements" stage: 2010 to present. Against the background of economic recession caused by the global economic crisis, the role of European cultural routes in maintaining regional stability and revitalizing the economy began to attract attention. After the expansion of the regional agreement was passed in 2010, it took the form of a plan for cultural routes to get rid of the limited overhead provided by the European commission in the form of regular funding to the signatories, and allowed non-commission member states to participate in the agreement in the form of signatories. At the same time, the concept, identification and organization of cultural line are revised. After three years of trial implementation, the regional agreement on the extension of cultural routes was officially adopted in 2013. As of December 2015, there were 33 cultural routes through confirmation. These cultural routes showed common European memory, history and heritage in diversified themes and forms, and were the best interpretation of European multi-culture.

The diversity of "European cultural line" is the main reason for its universal application in various regions under the multi-cultural and religious background of Europe. The diversity of systems, themes and forms constitutes the greatest feature of European cultural routes.

At present, there are many systems related to cultural routes throughout Europe. In addition to the "European cultural route", there is the "cultural route" system of the international council on monuments and sites, as well as a separate planning system set up by regional organizations. Each system has its own emphasis, mutual recognition and cooperation in organization and economy. There is no confusion. The United Nations educational, scientific and cultural organization structure designed to "through cultural lines form a special heritage, improve the mechanism of the heritage of the assessment, protection, conservation and use it as a social and economic sustainable development of resources" of the global level of cultural circuit system, the professional consultancy for the international council of archaeological sites in the cultural line of science and technology commission, established in 1998, the final results in the form of "heritage line" included in the "world heritage list". European commission line with UNESCO cultural lines in addition to the online way to contact, UNESCO's world heritage centre of world heritage is an important part of the line "European culture", such as "San Diego DE hole post pilgim road". In addition, there is also the "cultural corridor of south-eastern Europe" and the "cultural route of Switzerland" jointly constructed by the world tourism organization and the Swiss government.

In 1998, the European commission adopted the first standard for the identification of cultural routes, which provided three basic types for the theme of its cultural routes: historical figures, migration events and communication process of European philosophy, religion, art, science, technology and commercial activities. This theme-based identification makes the development process of "European cultural routes" have great flexibility, which is conducive to enriching the contents of routes, enhancing the overall influence of routes and the development of characteristic cultural tourism. In the process of making cultural routes, a variety of distinctive themes emerged: cultural routes with planting landscape as the theme, such as "the road of olive trees" and "the road of grape plantation". Cultural routes with specific artistic styles as the theme, such as "Roman wind road", "prehistoric rock painting route", "new art movement network"; With life closely related to the theme, such as the "path to European Mozart", "napoleon road", "Robert Louis Stevenson road", and "at hart road" in a specific cultural lines depicting the architect works. The diversified theme of "European cultural line" shows the rich and diverse cultural heritage of Europe.

The European commission has recognized its cultural links in the wider region by diversifying its lines. The European cultural lines are divided into regional lines, linear lines and scattered lines.

Regional lines: cultural lines formed in whole or in multiple areas that embody a subject. Such routes generally reflect the regional and historical features of a certain culture, such as the "road of andalusian heritage", "road of olive trees" or "road of grape plantations".

Linear route: a cultural route that is traditionally based on specific historical functions, such as land and sea trade or religious communication. Influenced by pedestrians in different areas, these lines show the characteristics of cultural integration in their customs, architectural forms and cultural landscapes, thus becoming a complete heritage system.

Scattered line: composed of independent cultural elements or separated heritage, connected by the same theme. There is no geographical continuity on these lines. The elements that make up this kind of route can be buildings and sites that directly reflect the characteristics of the subject, or a series of sites, sites or museums related to the subject. For example, the "European Mozart road", whose elements reflect the living conditions and historical background of Mozart, thus has specific cultural significance.

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