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英国paper代写-Administrative examination and approval system

2018-11-09 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Administrative examination and approval system,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了行政审批制度。现行的行政审批制度已不符合经济发展的需要,制约了市场经济的发展,需要进行行政审批制度改革。行政审批制度改革,应把妨碍市场开放和公平竞争的行政审批予以取消,市场竞争机制能自行调节的,交由市场去解决。而市场难以有效解决,但通过社会组织能有效解决的,应交由社会组织来解决。充分发挥中介组织、社团等社会组织在市场中的重要作用,强化政府的社会管理和公共服务职能。

Administrative examination,行政审批制度,英国论文代写,论文代写,paper代写

In order to perfect the socialist market economy, fully implement the scientific outlook on development and promote the construction of socialist harmonious society, the reform of administrative examination and approval system must be carried out. When the government manages the economy and society, it needs approval to realize the positive role of the government in the allocation of social resources. The market economy requires that the market play its fundamental role in the allocation of resources and the government should no longer blindly intervene in the economy and society. To implement socialist market economy, we must act in accordance with economic laws, reduce excessive and irregular administrative intervention by the government, maximize the role of the market mechanism, regulate economic operation and improve the efficiency of social and economic operation. China's traditional administrative examination and approval system gives the examiners greater power and discretion to directly control social resources, as well as non-disclosure of examination and approval standards, non-standard examination and approval procedures, great randomness and low transparency. The author thinks that the previous administrative examination and approval system is far from the WTO's basic principles of administration, administration according to law, equal competition, open market, non-discrimination, and openness and transparency, and does not fit the relevant WTO rules. The basic principles, regulations and agreements of the WTO are all based on the market orientation, which inherently requires the member governments to create an open, unified and fair market competition environment, and change the suppression function of excessive administrative intervention into the service guarantee function of equality.

Thus, in order to entirely fulfill the scientific development concept, to adapt to the WTO after the urgent needs of the development of market economy, the administrative organ of the administrative activities should comply with the requirements of the WTO, with the international community, should according to the economic laws, reducing the government too much administrative intervention, and give full play to the role of market mechanism, should be unified, objective, fair and reasonable way to implement the relevant laws, regulations, judgment and decision or is engaged in the management activities, enhance predictability and transparency. Therefore, the traditional administrative examination and approval system must be reformed in a planned way according to WTO rules and China's market economy.

At present, there are many problems in the administrative examination and approval system with too many items and too wide scope. Examination and approval procedures and complex, for example, there are long, repetition, layer upon layer phenomenon of examination and approval, to the examination and approval time unlimited extension, the masses and the company into one thing tends to run dozens of departments, the seal of the cover dozens, hundreds, or even more, it makes some departments and individuals is easy to use, have the examination and approval power for private benefit to using power trading, has contributed to some functional departments and relevant personnel to use their power abuse power for personal gains, extorting bribes. In addition, a large number of corruption phenomena are caused by "hidden operation". The examiners decide whether to approve or not according to their experience, habit, feeling and even relationship, which is of great randomness and undermines the due impartiality and objectivity of the government. Heavy examination and approval light management, heavy charge light service phenomenon is common. The responsibility for examination and approval is not clear. Many examination and approval departments and examination and approval personnel lack strict supervision and restriction mechanism, and they also lack necessary follow-up supervision on the implementation after examination and approval, which often leads to the uncontrolled management of administrative ACTS and chaotic market order.

It can be seen that corruption seriously damages the efficiency of administration and hinders the healthy and sustainable development of society. In order to prevent and manage corruption and conduct open, fair and just administration according to law, it is necessary to improve work style, prevent the use of power for personal gain and reduce negative corruption, and reform the administrative examination and approval system.

In 2001, the state council approved the implementation opinions on the reform of the administrative examination and approval system by the ministry of supervision, the state council legal system office, the state council restructuring office and the central government office. In the document, it clearly puts forward the guiding ideology and general requirements of the current reform of China's administrative examination and approval system, as well as the five principles to be followed in the reform, sets out detailed implementation steps and puts forward several issues to be paid attention to. This points out the direction for the reform of administrative examination and approval system in our country. In May 2004, the state council decided to cancel and adjust 495 items in the third batch. In addition, the state council cancelled and adjusted 1806 items, accounting for 50.1% of the total, achieving the goal of substantially reducing the number of items requiring administrative review and approval.

"The market is the best judge" and "the market is an invisible hand" should give full play to the power of this invisible hand, while China's administrative examination and approval excessively interferes in the complex and trivial specific matters, which has caused a lot of waste of resources artificially. This requires a fundamental change in China's administrative approval system. The author believes that to deepen the reform of the administrative examination and approval system, first, the administrative examination and approval which hinders the market opening and fair competition should be abolished. Second, the market is difficult to effectively resolve, but through social organizations can effectively resolve, should be left to social organizations to solve. We should give full play to the important role of intermediary organizations, mass organizations and other social organizations in the market and strengthen the social management and public service functions of the government. The experience of developed market economies such as the United States and Japan shows that it is very important to give full play to the role of mass organizations, trade associations and intermediary organizations in establishing an efficient and orderly administrative examination and approval system.

The supervision of the reform of administrative examination and approval system is insufficient. At present, local governments have announced a number of items for review and approval that have been cancelled or delegated to lower-level governments. However, the implementation of these matters requires the active participation of administrative supervision departments and the adoption of strong restrictive supervision measures. Otherwise, the reform will remain in form or be greatly discounted.

The purpose of supervising administrative examination and approval work is to supervise and improve work and maintain a fair, just and open environment of sunshine competition. First, the internal supervision and restriction mechanism of the examination and approval department should be improved, the separation of examination and supervision system should be implemented, the internal supervision and inspection of the department should be strengthened, the right of examination and approval should be prevented from being abused, and a system of regular job rotation and examination and approval avoidance should be established. Second, perfect discipline inspection departments and other special supervision mechanism. Relevant discipline inspection and supervision departments discipline inspection and supervision departments shall, based on their own duties, extensively collect the opinions and Suggestions of enterprises and service objects on the reform of the examination and approval system, and timely study and give feedback to relevant departments on the problems in the reform. Third, establish the accountability system. Administrative organs in the process of the exercise of power, not in accordance with the provisions of the conditions and procedures for examination and approval or even misuse authority, practice favoritism, and due to no supervision of examination and approval or ineffective supervision and cause serious consequences, shall be investigated for administrative examination and approval to the competent leadership and administrative liability of those directly responsible or legal responsibility, should follow the principle of "who approval, who is responsible for". Fourth, the establishment of social supervision mechanism. In order to ensure that an effective law can be implemented seriously, not only an effective judicial system should be established, but more importantly, an effective supervision mechanism should be established between the public and the society, including effective channels for public complaints and public reporting system of the mass media. We will establish and improve mechanisms for supervising people's congresses, CPPCC committees, judicial organs, the news media and the people. In this way, the social supervision mechanism can be effectively set up, and relevant information can be publicized to the public through the media, so that the public can understand the significance, process and results of the reform, so as to bring the examination and approval matters into the perspective of the whole society.

In the face of the new situation of entering WTO, it is imperative to improve the efficiency of government work and establish an efficient, coordinated and standardized administrative management system.

Only by transforming government functions and realizing government's withdrawal from the market can we curb the expansion of the government's examination and approval system from its source. Under the traditional system, the government is the subject of economic activities and enterprises become the subsidiary of the government. Therefore, economic activities are organized by the government and economic decisions are made by the government through the administrative approval process. This situation will not change fundamentally in the initial transition from planned economy to market economy. This is because when the market system is not sound and the market economic activities are hindered by the traditional system in many ways, one of the important functions of the government is to open the way for the market economy and "protect the driving and expansion of the navigation". At that time, government approval even became a condition for market activities to be realized. When the market economy system is gradually established, microeconomic subjects are fully activated, and the self-organization function of the economy is gradually improved, the government can only hinder or even hinder the development of the market by using administrative examination and approval to manage the economy and control the market. Therefore, the key issue is that the government must change its functions in a timely manner and exit the market process appropriately.

As the reform of the administrative examination and approval system is a self-reform of the government, there is a lack of clear operational norms and constraint mechanisms on the issues of whether to cancel, what to cancel, and how to cancel, so it is difficult to carry out. In order to make this reform go further, legislation must be adopted to regulate the legal system. The implementation of the administrative license law will speed up the fundamental transformation of government functions, vigorously promote the work of administration according to law, and promote the improvement of the administrative management mode and the level of administrative management.

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