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Paper代写-Coping Wisely with Job Stress

2019-01-11 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Coping Wisely with Job Stress,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了应对工作压力。有压力的工作生活与我们是如此紧密地结合在一起,以至于直到我们面临职业倦怠的临界点时,我们才意识到压力对我们的影响。我们需要不断敦促自己对新出现的机会作出更迅速的反应。因此,在适当的压力摄入和正确的应对压力的措施之间找到平衡是很重要的,这样才能在职业道路上探索人的成长潜力。

Job Stress,应对工作压力,英国论文代写,论文代写,paper代写

Stressful work life is so integrated in our lives that we don’t recognize the impacts of stress on us until we face the critical point of burnout. International Union of Psychological Science has found that job demands are main predictors of burnout and the primary demands for exhaustion is the workload (732). It is common to attribute high level of job stress to poorly managed stress response mechanism. But to actively and positively deal with wok-related stress can be a delicate and on-going project for everyone. This paper will discuss the nature of the perennial problem and conclude with some effective measures conducive to a less stressful, more productive career.

In a collection of different working conditions, stress-related burnout can happen in most situations in every job. As a long-term result of aversive working conditions, burnout is characterized by the collateral experience of exhaustion and disengagement from job (Demerouti, 1106). In her study, Demerouti further explore the definition of exhaustion as the long-term negative outcome of intensive physical, affective and cognitive strain because of the drawn-out exposure to extensive job demands (1106). It is typical for employees to feel they are constantly at the edge of burnout if high job demands and limited resources are the normalcy. Stressful working environment may result in the diminishing effort and willingness of employees devoting to work tasks and this negative experience, according to Demerouti, is inherent in burnout state of employees (1107). In an extreme situation, job stress can be exacerbated by no promising career development, thus burnout happens. In addition, as a salient job stressor, job insecurity is common in current workplace. International Union of Psychological Science find out that in difficult economic conditions, effective strategies must be in place if organizations want to counter the negative influences of job insecurity so as to encourage employees staying engaged and productive in their work (738). The following section will then discuss how to effectively cope with job stress so as to achieve optimization in efficiency and productivity of work.

Many researches have meaningful findings on coping strategies. Zimmer-Gembeck and Skinner point out that people’s reactions and measures taken to deal with adversity and stressful situation can have material meanings to their subsequent development (1). Regulating emotional response and experiences is usually the first and foremost aim of coping. Two common ways to achieve this purpose are changing one’s own responses and adjusting the stressor that led to the emotional reaction (Zimmer-Gembeck and Skinner, 11). Demerouti holds the similar opinion regarding the relations between coping and emotional experience. She suggests that different types of coping can result in burnout, but in general, burnout happens more often if the coping strategies are avoidance and emotion-focused, compared to the active and problem-focused coping (1107). Also, problem focused response and positive self-appraisal is mutually reinforcing and contributes to the positive coping of stress situations. When stress is being discussed, mental health issue is never far away. According to Zimmer-Gembeck and Skinner, an additional set of appraisals, coping self-efficacy, can play a crucial role in coping with job stress (10). As a complex mechanism, fundamental human adaptive process always involves the regulation of multiple subsystems (Zimmer-Gembeck and Skinner, 2). Recovery from stressful situation, which is known as the process of an individual’s functioning rebounds to pre-stressor level where a new balanced status of physiological and psychological performance, usually occurs when the stressor is no longer present (Demerouti, 1107). This process involves mainly detachment from work, relaxation, and social activities that are beneficial in diminishing the daily stress in work, as well as the risk of burnout over time (Demerouti, 1107). As complicated as the coping mechanism can be, researches manage to explain relations among stressor and other elements from similar yet different perspectives.

Successful management of job stress means different things to different people but common measures can be explored. Gerhardt points out three types of coping – psycho-physiological, psychological, and social – that denote measures of dealing with major stress, challenges or life-events (209). His proposed life-event approach conceptualizes psychological forces in many different ways, where coping as defined by ‘resistance resources’ and stress is resulted from the absence of effective tension management (Gerhardt, 202). Stressful situation primarily arise because of the existence of threatening stimulus and the identification of its configurational patterns and individual’s sense of competence are the key to establish positive coping strategies. He analyses the aspects of subjective experience of external and internal factors relevant to successful coping. According to Gerhardt, external factors were seen as stimuli perceived by the individual who is under stress. In working condition, these stimuli can come from supervisor’s direction or deadlines. In contrast, internal factors, relating to the interpretation of external stimuli as stressful, depend on the sense of competence an individual has to master the challenge (Gerhardt, 202). Each individual stress has its own characteristics, just as each individual has different perception of self-efficacy.

How to balance the stress intake and the effectiveness of work can be quite different for individuals. Ashkenas explores the other side of coping with job stress from the perspective of vacation. He talks about the American pattern that it is typical for an American executive who goes on vacation but does not truly relax. The adrenaline rush of constantly getting things done that he mentions is arguably the major source of stress from work. Working in technologically enabled culture of instantaneous response and immediate action, it is vital to take action quickly and effectively so as to be perceived as effective or successful or competitive. Dealing with stress is largely a personal business; therefore the ultimate cure lies in a good management of oneself. Erwin suggests seven constructive ways to be more productive at work and feel less stressful at the same time. Ostensibly, these practical methods are unusual or even counterintuitive, but pressing the “pause” button on regular work once in a while will help employees change focus or shift gears especially when situation becomes more stressful. Re-entering the regular work mode with fresh perspectives will certainly be of benefit to the effectiveness and health of work environment as a whole. Empirically speaking, a designated time goofing off at work can improve morale and rejuvenate employees who suffer from the midst of a tedious, stressful workday.

In conclusion, job stress is unavoidable in our modern-day lives thanks to the continuous information overload and ever-changing technological advancements. We have to consistently pushing ourselves to become more prompt in response to emerging opportunities. It is therefore important to find the balance between adequate stress intake and the right measure to cope with stress in order to explore one’s growth potential along the career path.

Works Cited

Ashkenas, Ron. “Take Your Vacation – Please!” Forbes, 17 Aug. 2011, forbes.com/sites/ronashkenas/2011/08/17/take-your-vacation-please/#3103f1ef309d. Accessed 19 Mar. 2017.

Demerouti, Evangelia. “Strategies Used by Individuals to Prevent Burnout.” European Journal of Clinical Investigation. vol. 45, no. 10, October 2015, pp. 1106-1112. Wiley Online Library, doi:10.1111/eci.12494. Accessed 19 Mar. 2017.

Erwin, Patrick. “Experts: Goof off at work, read a book, ignore e-mail.” CNN, 22 Dec. 2008, edition.cnn.com/2008/LIVING/worklife/12/22/cb.7.surprising.work.habits/index.html?iref=newssearch. Accessed 19 Mar. 2017.

Gerhardt, Uta. “Coping and Social Action: Theoretical Reconstruction of the Life-Event Approach.” Sociology of Health & Illness, vol. 1, no. 2, 1979, pp. 195–225. Wiley Online Library, doi:10.1111/1467-9566.ep10478961. Accessed 19 Mar. 2017.

International Union of Psychological Science. “Industrial and Organizational Psychology”. International Journal of Psychology, vol. 51, no. 51, 2016, pp. 732-810. Wiley Online Library, doi: Wiley Online Library, doi: 10.1002/ijop.12328. Accessed 19 Mar. 2017.

Zimmer-Gembeck, Melanie J. and Ellen A. Skinner. “The Development of Coping: Implications for Psychopathology and Resilience.” Developmental Psychopathology, Edited by Dante Cicchetti. 3rd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2016, doi:10.1002/9781119125556.devpsy410. Accessed 19 Mar. 2017.

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