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英国Paper代写:The periodic character of risk of capital seed period

2019-01-30 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The periodic character of risk of capital seed period,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了资本种子期的风险阶段性特征。在风险投资的过程中,种子期是投资风险投资的第一个步骤,也是风险最大的阶段。因为在这一阶段,投资者对于即将进行投资的企业或领域几乎一无所知,因此,投资者面临的风险是较大的。作为企业的风险投资者,很难在这段时间内完全了解企业的管理机制,更难对企业的未来做出正确的评判。最后,风险投资者还面临可能付出较大的信息成本,因为对于风险投资者来说,具备新技术或者有较好发展潜力的企业才是最佳投资目标。但是要找到合适的投资企业,这中间所耗费的时间和信息筛选过程,都是投资者要付出的信息成本,如果找到合适的投资企业,投资者可能获益。

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In the process of venture capital, the seed stage is the first step and the most risky stage of venture capital investment. Because in this stage, investors know almost nothing about the enterprises or fields that will be invested, so investors are faced with greater risks. The first is the technical inequality faced by investors; Second, investors also face information inequality. To be specific, the enterprise that investors are about to invest in will have a unique management structure and mode due to its relatively new technology. Only enterprise managers are most clear about this unique management mode. As a venture investor of an enterprise, it is difficult to fully understand the management mechanism of the enterprise during this period of time, and it is even more difficult to make a correct judgment on the future of the enterprise. Finally, venture investors may pay a large information cost, because for venture investors, enterprises with new technology or better development potential are the best investment target. However, in order to find the right investment enterprise, the time and information screening process are the information costs for investors. If the right investment enterprise is found, investors may benefit. However, if investors due to early misjudgment, will make investment failure, bring economic losses to investors, these will make investors pay a large cost of information.

In the introduction period of capital, investors mainly conduct a practical investigation on the investors, including the feasibility of plans or reports in the business activities of enterprises, and the competitiveness of new products in the market. Through investigation, investors can draw a conclusion on the comprehensive situation of the invested enterprise and determine its future development potential in the market. Only in this way, can investors determine to inject investment capital into the enterprise. At this stage, investors will mainly face two kinds of risks, among which technical risk is the investment incentive of investors and also one of the investment risks they face. Because entrepreneurs have new technologies that make them competitive in industries and markets, and win new customers. However, if the product is not accurately positioned in the market and its sales volume is far below the expected level after it is put on the market, then investors will face technical risks. And market risk is the possibility that the uncertain factors of the market bring losses to the enterprise, that is, after the product is developed and produced, it can be introduced to the market and can be accepted by consumers.

After confirming the cooperation intention with the cooperative enterprise, the investor shall participate in the management and decision-making of the invested enterprise. In the process of managing invested enterprises, investors will also face many risks due to management means and leading decisions. Decision-making risk refers to the loss of enterprises caused by the authenticity of the information obtained by investors when they choose projects for enterprises or make some major decisions, or by decision-making mistakes. However, management risk refers to the risk that occurs when investors invest in an enterprise due to the limitation of the management level of managers themselves or the restriction of relevant policies and market norms. Management risk will lead to the flow of talents or the decline of earnings of the invested enterprise. Financial risk refers to the business enterprise for the further development of market, the way such as borrowing to finance, but due to the business or market fluctuations, etc., make the enterprise is unable to pay off the loan on time, then the enterprise will face financial risk, the financial risk pressure make the enterprise funds, seriously affected the further development of the enterprise, the normal income investors would also be affected.

In general, a risk investment takes about four to five years, some special risk investment projects may need to be longer and the risk investor to invest enterprise profit purpose is not to hold ", but the pursuit of high profits, capital transfer, risk investment, the investment company can be listed is the wish of venture investors, but in today's market economy, increasing competition among enterprises, high-tech enterprises in the new product research and development, the production is affected by various factors, such as lead to some enterprises to normal production and business operation and collapse, therefore, Venture capitalists should consider the exit mode of venture capital, that is, how to prevent investment risks.

For an enterprise to the risk of investors, corporate research and discuss the feasibility of the plan is the most worth, because in the feasibility plan of enterprises, investors can see the enterprise founder or is the understanding of the present situation of management for enterprise, at the same time also can see corporate path planning for the future and hope to achieve the vision and so on. These are of great research value to venture investors and are the important basis for determining whether investors invest capital. In addition, investors must conduct feasibility studies on the core technologies possessed by enterprises. Although many technologies seem to be advanced, their feasibility is still to be demonstrated. If investors invest capital rashly, they will inevitably fall into the passive situation of uncertain market prospect of enterprises themselves. Therefore, at the beginning of investment, investors must make a systematic study and demonstration on the feasibility of enterprise project plan to reduce the economic loss caused by information asymmetry.

In fact, there is a kind of cooperative relationship between venture investors and entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs get the development funds of enterprises through investors, while investors get economic benefits through selecting suitable entrepreneurs to participate in enterprise management decisions, which is a win-win cooperation mode. In order to ensure that venture investors can master more information in the process of investment and make their investment more secure, it is necessary for investors to conduct a detailed study and investigation on the qualities of entrepreneurs. Because most of enterprise management and decision-making in the hands of entrepreneurs, and entrepreneurs business purpose and market positioning and determine the enterprise integrated planning and development direction in the future, entrepreneurs must have a strong management ability and opportunity awareness, can make the enterprise have greater competitiveness in the market and development prospects, therefore, before the investment cooperation, the comprehensive quality of the entrepreneurs of venture investors must understand in order to reduce investment risk.

The situation in the market is changing rapidly, and the market demand is changing constantly. Therefore, venture capital must improve the update speed of its technology to ensure that its products can meet the market demand. However, in the process of product research and development, investors must invest a large amount of capital for the enterprise, which is limited by the enterprise personnel and the pre-stage technical foundation. They may encounter many difficulties in the field of new technology research and development, which will bring risks to investors. If you can work together to study between businesses, exert each enterprise in the field of their own strengths, can effectively reduce the research cost, little detours, make enterprise not only to save the economic costs, but also save time cost, make the enterprise can take advantage in the market, to win more market share, and the risk of enterprise investors can therefore reduce the investment risk, to ensure the stability of the capital gains.

To sum up, venture capital generally goes through four stages, and presents different characteristics in different stages. Venture investors to make risk investment, development of high and new technology enterprise has the certain insight, should use scientific risk investment management strategy, pay attention to prevent investment risks, to choose and has the development potential of the enterprise for cooperation, because these enterprise with high and new technology, or with a new concept of market development, risk investors' capital support can help these enterprises in the market rise smoothly, not only can bring benefits to entrepreneurs and investors, but also to market prosperity, promote enterprise's technological innovation and progress.

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